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Thursday, July 24, 2014


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

List of Plates

Additions and Corrections

Images

Contents

Altekar, A. S

Bhattasali, N. K

Barua, B. M And Chakravarti, Pulin Behari

Chakravarti, S. N

Chhabra, B. CH

Das Gupta

Desai, P. B

Gai, G. S

Garde, M. B

Ghoshal, R. K

Gupte, Y. R

Kedar Nath Sastri

Khare, G. H

Krishnamacharlu, C. R

Konow, Sten

Lakshminarayan Rao, N

Majumdar, R. C

Master, Alfred

Mirashi, V. V

Mirashi, V. V., And Gupte, Y. R

Narasimhaswami, H. K

Nilakanta Sastri And Venkataramayya, M

Panchamukhi, R. S

Pandeya, L. P

Raghavan, V

Ramadas, G

Sircar, Dines Chandra

Somasekhara Sarma

Subrahmanya Aiyar

Vats, Madho Sarup

Venkataramayya, M

Venkatasubba Ayyar

Vaidyanathan, K. S

Vogel, J. Ph

Index.- By M. Venkataramayya

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 5.─BADAGANGA ROCK INSCRIPTION OF BHUTIVARMAN

The late Dr. N. K. BHATTASALI, DACCA3

(1 Plate)2

In Vol. V (1937-38) of the Journal of the Assam Research Society, on pp. 14-57, Mr. R.M. Nath, B. E., of the Assam Engineering Service (P. W. D.), described some ancient ruins of the Kapilī and the Yamunā Valleys, in the Nowgong District of Assam. Professor P. C. Sen4 was the first to point out that the existence of a well-known place called Ḍabokā on the Yamunā river in the Nowgong District situated midway between Samataṭa (identified with Tipperā and Noākhāli Districts of Bengal)5 and Kāmarūpa (the well-known ancient kingdom round modern Gauhāṭi in Assam) made the identification of the region round Ḍabokā with the ancient kingdom of Ḍavāka almost certain. Rai Bahadur K.L. Barua in his Early History of Kāmarūpa supported the identification. Mr. Nath in his article under reference described some antiquities found at Ḍabokā and he also supported the identification of Ḍabokā with Ḍavāka.

In his article, Mr. Nath described the ruins of a temple on a small rivulet called Baḍagaṅgā about 14 miles to the north-east of Ḍabokā. The following is a quotation from that description :─.

“By the south of the Mahāmāyā Hill flows the river Harkāṭi. To the south of this river, running almost parallel to this, is a small stream known as Baḍagaṅgā, written as Barkhugā in the map. About 1½ miles to the south-west of the Mahāmāyā temple, there is a small lake formed in this Baḍagaṅgā river. On the left bank of this lake, there is a slightly elevated big plot of land now covered with thick jungles, which contains ruins of a very big temple. The whole structure, 86′ long by 30′ wide, consisted of three parts, the Maṇikūṭa built with hard sand-stone, and the Deorighar and the Naṭ-mandir built with bricks.

“On the left bank of the Baḍagaṅgā stream, where the stream has abruptly widened into lake, there are two huge blocks of natural rock standing side by side with a small gap in between. The rocks are about 22′ long, 12′ high and 7′ to 12′ wide. Each rock has got a dvārapāla 4′ high with a spear in his hand engraved on the rock at the entrance. The left rock has got a figure of Hanumān engraved on it. On the inside face of the left rock and facing the passage, there are 3¼ lines of writing in an embossed block, 2′ X2′. The writing has been partly damaged by the continued effect of rain, sun and wild fire of the jungle for years together. The figure of the dvārapāla looks like the figure of an up-country man.”

Sometime in June, 1939, Mr. Nath sent to me a small photograph of an inscription inside a rectangular panel, consisting of three and a quarter lines of writing and I had no difficulty in

____________________________________

[1] This was probably the proper name of a local monastery of the Lōkōttaravādin sect of the Hīnayāna form of Buddhism.
[2] [The impression reproduced here is very much ‘doctored’. An attempt is being made to procure a more faithful impression which will be published when available.─Ed.]
[3] [It is greatly to be regretted that the author passed away while the article was still in the press.─Ed.]
[4] Journal of the Assam Research Society, Vol. I, 1933, pp. 14-15 and 124.
[5] Above, Vol. XVII, pp. 353 ff.

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