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Thursday, July 24, 2014


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

List of Plates

Additions and Corrections

Images

Contents

Altekar, A. S

Bhattasali, N. K

Barua, B. M And Chakravarti, Pulin Behari

Chakravarti, S. N

Chhabra, B. CH

Das Gupta

Desai, P. B

Gai, G. S

Garde, M. B

Ghoshal, R. K

Gupte, Y. R

Kedar Nath Sastri

Khare, G. H

Krishnamacharlu, C. R

Konow, Sten

Lakshminarayan Rao, N

Majumdar, R. C

Master, Alfred

Mirashi, V. V

Mirashi, V. V., And Gupte, Y. R

Narasimhaswami, H. K

Nilakanta Sastri And Venkataramayya, M

Panchamukhi, R. S

Pandeya, L. P

Raghavan, V

Ramadas, G

Sircar, Dines Chandra

Somasekhara Sarma

Subrahmanya Aiyar

Vats, Madho Sarup

Venkataramayya, M

Venkatasubba Ayyar

Vaidyanathan, K. S

Vogel, J. Ph

Index.- By M. Venkataramayya

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

PETTASARA GRANT OF NETTABHANJA

(1 Plate)

C. C. DAS GUPTA, CALCUTTA

This set of copper plates was recently acquired for the Orissa Museum at Bhubanesvar by its Curator. I edit it with the kind permission of the Government Epigraphist for India who supplied me with an excellent set of impressions.[1]

The set consists of three copper-plates, each measuring 7·7″X4·5″. The plates are strung together on a ring with a seal which is worn out. Together with the ring, they weigh 138 talas, the ring alone weighing 22 tolas. The first and third plates are engraved on one side only, the second on both sides. The inscription consists of 35 lines, the first plate containing 8 lines and the other three inscribed sides of the plates 9 lines each.

The characters used in this inscription belong to the East Indian Nāgarī type and may be assigned to the 9th or 10th century A.C. The language of the record is Sanskrit and the composition is in verse and prose. As regards palaeography, language and orthography, the inscription closely resembles other Orissan records of the period in question.

Nēṭṭabhañja mentioned in this inscription is the same as Nētṛibhañja noted in three Ganjam grants[2] on account of the following reasons. First, the script used in all these four inscriptions is exactly the same. Secondly, the drafts of all these records are of the same nature. Thirdly, all were issued from Vañjulvaka. Fourthly, the officers named in this inscription as serving Nēṭṭabhañja are found mentioned only in the inscriptions of Nētṛibhañja as serving that ruler. For example, the officers Kakkāka, Durgadēva and Vāchchika mentioned in this inscription are also known from other inscriptions of Nētṛibhañja[3]. Lastly, the ruler Nēṭṭabhañja of this record and Nētṛibhañja of the other inscriptions have the common secondary name Kalyāṇakalaśa.[4] These inscriptions together offer the following genealogical table :

Śilābhañja

Śatrubhañja

Raṇabhañja

Nētṛibhañja

There is another ruler with almost the same name, i.e., Nēṭṭabhañja[5] ; but there is no doubt that he is an altogether different monarch though belonging to the same dynasy.[6] There are also two other rulers named Nēṭṭabhañja I and Nēṭṭabhañja II who belonged to an altogether different dynasty as their genealogy is entirely different.[7]

_______________________________________________

[1] [This inscription was published with plates by Pandit Satyanarayan Rajaguru in the Journal of the Kalinga Historical Research Society, Vol. I, No. 4 (March 1947), pp. 285 ff., under the title “ The Kshatrivarpur Copperplate Grant of Neṭṭabhañjadeva alias Kalyāṇakalaśa (Samvat 59).” According to him, the plates were discovered by the villagers of Kshatrivarapur in the Ghumsar Subdivision of the Ganjam District, Orissa, while digging the earth for the construction of a school building and he received them for examination in October 1946 through Mr. Banchhanidhi Patnaik of Gobara and Mr. Nabakisor Das of Cuttack.─D.C.S.]
[2] Bhandarkar, List, Nos. 1497-99. [The correct reading of the name in all the three cases is Nēṭṭabhañja─D.C.S.]
[3] Ibid., Nos. 1497-98.
[4] Ibid., Nos. 1497-99.
[5] Ibid., No. 1502.
[6] This point was discussed by me in ABORF, Vol. XII, p. 240.
[7] Bhandarkar, List, no. 2057.

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