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Thursday, July 24, 2014


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

List of Plates

Additions and Corrections

Images

Contents

Altekar, A. S

Bhattasali, N. K

Barua, B. M And Chakravarti, Pulin Behari

Chakravarti, S. N

Chhabra, B. CH

Das Gupta

Desai, P. B

Gai, G. S

Garde, M. B

Ghoshal, R. K

Gupte, Y. R

Kedar Nath Sastri

Khare, G. H

Krishnamacharlu, C. R

Konow, Sten

Lakshminarayan Rao, N

Majumdar, R. C

Master, Alfred

Mirashi, V. V

Mirashi, V. V., And Gupte, Y. R

Narasimhaswami, H. K

Nilakanta Sastri And Venkataramayya, M

Panchamukhi, R. S

Pandeya, L. P

Raghavan, V

Ramadas, G

Sircar, Dines Chandra

Somasekhara Sarma

Subrahmanya Aiyar

Vats, Madho Sarup

Venkataramayya, M

Venkatasubba Ayyar

Vaidyanathan, K. S

Vogel, J. Ph

Index.- By M. Venkataramayya

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 1.-PRAKRIT INSCRIPTIONS FROM GHANTASALA

(1 Plate)

J. PH. VOGEL, LEIDEN

At the request of Dr. B. Ch. Chhabra, I am editing five Prakrit inscriptions which he copied on the 1st January 1945 at Ghaṇṭasāla, a small village in the Kistna District, 13 miles west of Masulipatam. He kindly supplied me with excellent estampages of these inscriptions. According to the information which I received from Dr. Chhabra, Ghaṇṭasāla is a Buddhist site, containing ruined stūpas and other remains, but not yet properly explored. It has already yielded some inscriptions of a much later date.[1] The villagers of Ghaṇṭasāla are said to have been secretly trading in the antiquities of the place and, according to the information gathered by Dr. Chhabra, cart-loads of marbles sculptures found on the spot have been removed. It need hardly be emphasised that such practices are extremely detrimental to the interests of archæology. Much useful evidence is irreparably lost in the diggings by irresponsible persons, and the dispersion of sculptured and inscribed stones belonging to the same building or to the same site must unavoidably hinder their study. It is therefore devoutly to be wished that the Archæological Department will soon take the necessary measures for the preservation and systematic exploration of this Buddhist site.

The five inscriptions[2] here edited are of some historical interest, although they contain no dates, nor names of kings or dynasties. In the first place, they confirm the prevalence and flouring state of Buddhism in the delta of the Kṛishṇā river during the first centuries of the Christian era, testified by the famous sanctuaries of Amarāvatī, Jaggayyapēṭa and Nāgārjunikoṇḍa. The inscribed relic-caskets of Bhaṭṭiprōlu belong to a considerably earlier date, approximately 200 B.C. according to Bühler.

Moreover, the Ghaṇṭasāla inscriptions supply some valuable data for the ancient geography of South India. Two of them (A and B), incised in remarkably decorative writing on sculptured pillars, mention as their donor a gahapati Bu[d]dhisiri who was a resident of Kaṇṭakasōla. A votive inscription from Amarāvatī, deciphered by Dr. Hultzsch,[3] refers to an upāsaka U[t]tara who hailed from the same locality. The place-name occurs also in a long inscription incised on the floor of an apsidal temple (chetiyaghara) at Nāgārjunikoṇḍa. Among the pious foundations due to the upāsikā Bōdhisiri, this record mentions Kaṁṭakasōlē mahāchētiyasa puvadārē sēla-maṁḍavō, [4]

‘ at Kaṇṭakasōla a stone pavilion at the eastern gate of the Great Chētiya (Skt. chaitya)’. When editing the Nāgārjunikoṇḍa inscriptions, I have pointed out that Kaṇṭakasōla must be identical with ‘ the emporium Kantakossyla ’, which Ptolemy (VII, 1, 15) mentions immediately after the months of the Maisōlos, i.e., the Kṛishṇā river.[5]

____________________________________________
[1] Annual Report on South Indian Epigraphy, for 1917, Nos. 846-53 ; for 1925, No. 523.
[2] [It may be recorded here that the credit of the discovery goes to my friend, Sri K. Sankaran, the then District Health Officer of the Kistna District. Once, in the course of his official tour, he happened to visit Ghaṇṭasāla and stay at the choultry where he chanced to see the sculptured and inscribed marble pillar, lying in the compound. Of the inscription (B below), he sent me a paper rubbing, the best he could prepare himself with the help of some powdered charcoal and other improvised means. This prompted me to survey the site and my visit was rewarded with the discovery of four additional inscriptions.─B. Ch. Chhabra.]
[3]Jas. Burgess, The Buddhist Stapas of Amaravati and Jaggayyapeta (A.S.S.I., Vol. I), p. 106, pl. LXI, No. 54. Lüders, List of Brahmi Inscriptions, No. 1303.
[4] Above, Vol. XX, p. 22, text l. 3.
[5] Above, Vol. XX, p. 9, and Vol. XXI, p. 68 where my initial reading Kaṁṭakasēla was corrected into Kamṭakasōla. In the Amarāvatī inscription referred to above, the vowel-mark of the fourth syllable is distinct.

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