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Thursday, September 10 , 2014


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

CHATESVARA TEMPLE INSCRIPTION

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CHATESVARA TEMPLE INSCRIPTION

(1 Plate)

B. CH. CHHABRA, NEW DELHI

This beautiful praśasti is neatly engraved on a well-dressed, slab of black granite. It is kept in the temple of Śiva, that goes by the name of Chāṭēśvara, in the village of Kisnapur or Kisanpur (Kṛishṇapura), in the Cuttack District of Orissa. This village is situated about 12 miles north-east from the town of Cuttack. The inscription seems to have been examined first by Bābu Nagēndranātha Vasu as early as November 1893. He noticed it in Bengali, in 1894, in his Viśvakōsha, Vol. VI, p. 229. Later on, in August, 1898 he read a paper on it, giving its full text and translation, which has been published in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LXVII, 1898, Part I (History, Antiquities, etc.), pp. 317-327. No facsimile of this praśasti has so far been published elsewhere.

            After Vasu’s treatment of this inscription, no other scholar seems to have cared to examine it closely, though it has been referred to by various scholars in connection with the history of Orissa. In the winter of 1938, the writer of this article, in the course of his official tour in Orissa, happened to visit Kisnapur, where he studied the inscription from the original slab. As a result thereof, it was found that the text presented by Vasu is as inaccurate in places as his interpretation of it is erroneous. The present writer had occasion to comment on this inscription in the Hindī monthly Itihāsa, September 1951, pp. 155-158, as also in the Orissa Historical Research Journal, Vol. I, 1952, pp. 11-13, where the importance of the inscription as well as a few examples of the defects in Vasu’s treatment of it has been pointed out. These may be considered as enough justification for a re-edition of the inscription.

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[1]Metre of verses 1-4 : Anushubh.
[2]This visarga is superfluous.

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