No. 27.─SANGLI MUSEUM PLATES OF KRISHNADEVARAYA, SAKA 1434
Moreshwar G. Dikshit, Sagar
The existence of the plates, published here for the first time, was brought to my notice by the
late Rao Bahadur K. N. Dikshit. It is reported that, about thirty years ago, they had been
ploughed up from a field at Bidarhaḷḷi, a village on the banks of the river Tuṅgabhadrā, in the
Shirahaṭṭi Taluk of the former Sangli State, and were later transferred to the State Museum.
I approached the authorities of the former Sāngli state for their king permission to edit the inscription. My thanks are due to Mr. Deshpande, the then Education Minister, Sangli State, for placing
the plates at my disposal.
These are a set of five copper plates, each measuring about 7 inches by 10 inches, with a
rounded top so commonly noticed in the copper-plate grants of the Vijayanagara kings. This
rounded top has in it a small hole, measuring about ¾ inch in diameter, for passing a ring to secure
the plates together. The ring bearing the seal of the Vijayanagara rulers, on which the plates
must have been strung, was not available to me.
The writing is in a good state of preservation. The first side of the first plate and the back
side of the last are uninscribed, while the other plates are engraved on both the sides. There are 153
lines of writing. Of these the first 22 lines are incised on the second side of the first plate ; the
second plate has 23 lines on each of its sides ; the third plate has 23 and 20 lines respectively on the
two sides ; the fourth plate had 20 lines on the first side and only 10 lines on the second with a
considerable space left blank ; and the last plate has only 12 lines in its lower part, the upper part
having been left blank. The plates are numbered. Each plate bears a numerical symbol in
Kannaḍa engraved at the top of the reverse side indicating its number.
The characters are Nāgarī. They are boldly engraved and measure each about ¼ inch in
size. At the end of the fifth plate Śrī-Viru(rū)pa(pā)ksha is engraved in very bold Kannaḍa
characters. This is the wellknown sign-manual of the Vijayanagara kings. The language is
Sanskrit and the record is composed in verse throughout except for the adoration to Gaṇādhipati
in the beginning and the sign-manual at the end.
The charter belongs to the celebrated Vijayanagara monarch Kṛishṇadēvarāya, three
of whose copper-plate records have been published in this journal. The inscription is dated
Śaka 1434, Āṅgirasa, Āśvayuja śu. 15, Monday, lunar eclipse. This date corresponds to
1512 A.D., September 25, when there was a lunar eclipse as stated in the inscription. The week
day, however, was Saturday.
The object of the inscription is to record the grant of the village of Niṭāla, which was renamed Kṛishṇarāyapura after the donor, to the learned Brāhmaṇa Timmā-jyōtishin, son of Nāgidēvārya. The grant was made in the presence of the god Gaṅgādhara in the sacred place called
Śivagaṅgā. The donee was a resident of Arasīkere and belonged to the Kauṇḍinya gōtra and the
Āpastamba sūtra of the Yajurvēda. The donee divided the gift village into thirty-two vṛittis.
Of these he retained sixteen for himself and distributed the rest among the following learned
 [This article has been revised by Mr. P. B. Desai.─Ed.]
 [The plates have since been examined in my office and registered as C. P. No. 16 of 1949-50.─Ed.]
 Above, Vol. XIII, pp. 126 ff ; Vol. XIV, pp. 168 ff ; Vol. XIX, pp. 131 ff.