What Is India News Service
Wednesday, June 18, 2014

The Indian Analyst


South Indian Inscriptions






List of Plates

Additions and Corrections



A. S. Altekar

P. Banerjee

Late Dr. N. K. Bhattasali

Late Dr. N. P. Chakravarti

B. CH. Chhabra

A. H. Dani

P. B. Desai

M. G. Dikshit

R. N. Gurav

S. L. Katare

V. V., Mirashi

K. V. Subrahmanya Aiyar

R. Subrahmanyam

T. N. Subramaniam and K. A. Nilakanta Sastri

M. Venkataramayya

Akshaya Keerty Vyas

D. C. Sircar

H. K. Narasimhaswami

Sant Lal Katare



Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II



Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India



(1 Plate)


The inscription belongs to the reign of the Chandēlla king Kīrttivarman. It is inscribed on a rock above a group of female images lying below the upper gate of the fort of Ajayagarh, which was also called Jayapura.[7] It is noticed by Cunningham in his Archaeological Survey Report[8], wherein he says that the inscription consists of four lines and contains the name of king Kīrttivarman in the fourth line. It is again noticed by Dr. N. P. Chakravarti in the Annual Report of the Archaeological Survey of India for the year 1935-36, p. 92, where its contents are briefly summarised. It is edited here from an ink-impression kindly sent to me, at my request, by Mr. N. Lakshminarayan Rao, Government Epigraphist for India. The famous fort of Ajayagarh lies about 16 miles north-east of Kālañjara as the crow flies. It has yielded a number of inscriptions of the time of the Chandēlla kings, who had their capital at Kālañjara. It served as their capital and it seems, whenever Kālañjara was occupied by the Muslims, the Chandēlla kings took refuge at Ajayagarh from where they pursued their fight against the invaders to recapture their capital.

The inscription, which has in all four lines of writing, occupies a space 3·5½″ wide and 4′ long on the rock. The characters are Nāgarī of the end of the 11th and beginning of the 12th century A. D. The pṛishṭhamātrā has been used for medial ē, but the mātrā for ō is indicated either by an ūrdhva and an agra mātrā, as in Kālañjarō in line 1, or by a pṛishṭha and an agra mātrā, as in nāmadhēyō in line 2. In the case of the mātrās for ai and au, no uniform system has been followed. The consonant following r is usually doubled. The forms of ē and p in ēkātapatram in line 3 and y in mānyō in line 2 are similar.

The mistakes in the text which appear to have crept in because of the carelessness of the scribe have been corrected either in the text or in foot-notes. The inscription ends abruptly and though the closing mark of the double daṇḍa is inserted at the end, the last verse remains incomplete.

The language of the inscription is Sanskrit and, except the invocation to Chaṇḍikā, it is in verse. There are in all eight verses of which the first two are in the Vasantatilakā metre and the remaining in Upajāti.


[7] Above, Vol. I, p. 325.
[8] Vol. XXI, p. 54.

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