No. 26─ TWO EASTERN GANGA GRANTS FROM ANDHAVARAM
R. SUBRAHMANYAM, Guntur
A. Plates of Anantavarmadēva
This set three copper plates was discovered at Andhavaram in the Narasannapeta Taluk
of the Śrīkākulam District, Andhra State. Each of the plates measures about 6⅜″ by 2⅜.″ They
are fastened together by means of a circular ring (4⅜″ in diameter), the two ends of which are
secured below an elliptical seal which bears in relief a crude representation of the couchant bull
or nandin facing the proper right with a crescent above and a floral design (perhaps a lotus) below.
The ring was cut by me for taking impressions. The first and third plates are inscribed on
one side only and the second on both the sides. Each side contains eight lines of writing. Though
the edges of the plates are not raised into rims, the preservation of the inscription is quite satisfactory.
The script of the inscription bears close resemblance to that employed in the Siddhāntam
plates of Dēvēndravarman and other records of the early Eastern Gaṅga kings. The engraving
is carelessly done. The carelessness of the scribe is responsible for several mistakes of omission
and commission. Medial i and ī are not clearly distinguished in many cases. Often p is written
like s (cf. pratiº inn line 2 and praṇāmāº in line 3) and s like p (cf. sarvvasaº in line 9). The letter bh
often looks like t (cf. saṁkshōbha in line 6) and t like n (cf. bhagavatō, svāminō=nāvarata in line 3).
The consonant after r is doubled in some cases (cf. sarvvartu in line 1). The use of anusvāra
for class nasal in saṁkshōbha and v for b in many places is noteworthy. The language is
Sanskrit and except for the customary verses quoted at the end (lines 24-30) the inscription is in
The charter records the gift of the village Kālamaḍambiśakuna in the Varāhavartanī vishaya,
after making it into an agrahāra and exempting it from all taxes, to the Brāhmaṇa residents of
Ānandapura, who belonged to different gōtras and were well-versed in the Vēdāṅgas, by Mahārāja
Anantavarman of the Gaṅga family for the merit of his parents. The grant was issued from
Kaliṅganagara on the eleventh day of the dark half of Jyēshṭha of the year 216 in the victorious
reign of the king. This date of the grant is written both in words and numerical symbols : but
there is some disparity between the two. While it is clearly stated in words as śata-dvaya-shōḍaś-ōttarē, numerical symbol 2 in the hundred’s place and 6 in the ten’s place alone are written. This
appears to be the engraver’s mistake. The grant was drafted at the oral order of the king by
Guṇag-ōpādhyāya and engraved by Mātṛichandra.
The royal praśasti set forth in the record under review does not materially differ from that
found in the records of Dēvēndravarman, dated in years 183 and 195. One Anantavarman is known
from an earlier record discovered in the village of Gurandi near Parlakimidi. This record, dated in
 Of the two other copper-plate grants found along with the present set, one belonging to Vajrahasta is edited
below while the other issued by the Māṭhara king Anantaśaktivarman has been published above, Vol. XXVIII
pp. 177 ff. and Plate. Of the two records published here, A is No. 6 and B No. 7 of A. R. Ep., 1951-52, App. A.
 Above, Vol. XIII, pp. 212 ff.
 [See p. 202, note 1 below.─ Ed.]
 One Mātṛichandra figures as the father of the composer or the Siddhāntam plates of Dēvendravarman (above,
Vol. XIII, p. 215).
 Above, Vol. III, pp. 130 ff. ; Vol. XIII, pp. 212 ff.
 JAHRS, Vol. II, pp. 272 ff.