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Monday, December 02, 2013


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

List of Plates

Additions and Corrections

Images

Contents

P. Acharya

A. M. Annigeri

P. Banerjee

Dr. N. P. Chakravarti

P. D. Chaudhury

M. G. Dikshit

M. G. Dikshit & D. C. Sircar

A. S. Gadre

B. C. Jain

S. L. Katare

B. V. Krishna Rao

A. N. Lahiri

T. V. Mahalingam

R. C. Majumdar

H. K. Narasimhaswami

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri & T. N. Subramaniam

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri

V. Rangacharya

Sadasiva Ratha Sarma

Nirad Bandhu Sanyal

M. Somasekhara Sarma

K. N. Sastri

D. C. Sircar

D. C. Sircar & P. Acharya

D. C. Sircar & P. D. Chaudhury

D. C. Sircar & Sadasiva Ratha Sarma

R. Subrahmanyam

T. N. Subramaniam

Akshaya Keerty Vyas

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 34─ DASGOBA PLATES OF RAJARAJA III, SAKA 1120

(3 Plates)

D.C. SIRCAR, OOTACAMUND, AND SADASIVA RATHA SARMA, PURI

The copper-plate inscription published below was recovered from the house of Sri Kshetra-mohan Das in the village of Dāsgōbā within the Chandanpur Police Station in the Puri District of Orissa.

The set consists of five thick plates held together by a ring with a seal soldered to it. Each of the plates measures about 13¾″ X 8½″. The ring, which is of considerable thickness, passes through the hole made about the middle of the left margin of each plate. The diameter of the hole in the first, third and fourth plates is 1″ while it is ·9″ in the second and fifth plates. The seal (about 4″ in diameter) has the form of an expanded lotus and has in the centre an embossed figure of a seated bull caparisoned and bedecked with ornaments, facing front and having raised neck and head. To the proper right of the bull, there are the emblems of a conch, the crescent moon, a battle-axe, a flywhisk, a ḍamaru and an indefinite object, and to its left are similarly an aṅkuśa and a daṇḍa or gadā. The borders of the plates are slightly raised. The first plate has writing only on the inner side, the others being engraved on both the sides. There are altogether 155 lines of writing in the following order : IB─18, IIA─19, IIB──20, IIIA─19, IIIB─20, IVA─ 19, IVB─ 19, VA─19, VB─2. The five plates together weigh 537 tolas while the weight of the ring with the seal is 154 tolas.

The charter was issued by king Rājarāja III (c. 1198-1211 A.D.) of the imperial branch of the Eastern Gaṅga family of Orissa and closely resembles the recently published Nagarī plates[1], issued by his son Anaṅgabhīma III in 1230-31 A.D., in respect of palaeography, orthography and style. The date of our grant is Śaka 1120 corresponding to 1198-99 A.D. It was therefore issued about 32 years before the Nagarī plates. Rājarāja III was the son of Anaṅgabhīma II (c. 1190-96 A.D.) and grandson of the great Anantavarman Chōḍagaṅga (1078-1147 A.D.). The importance of the inscription lies in the fact that it is the only copper-plate charter of the king so far discovered. It is specially interesting in view of the fact that as yet we have copper-plate grants of none of the four sons of Anantavarman Chōḍagaṅga, viz. Kāmārṇava III (1147-56 A.D.), Rāghava (c. 1156-70 A.D.), Rājarāja II (c. 1170-90 A.D.), and Anaṅgabhīma II who was the father and predecessor of the issuer of the present charter.

The introductory part of the record contains seventy verses with a string of personal names between verses 6 and 7 lines 12-16. This part was copied in the Nagarī plates with slight modifications[2] and with the omission of only one stanza (verse 63) in the description of Anaṅgabhīma II. The importance of this portion has already been discussed in our article on the Nagarī plates. It has to be noted that verse 37 quotes the correct date of Kāmārṇava’s accession to the throne as nand-artu-vyōma-chandra-pramita-Śaka-samā-vyāpta-kālē dinēśē chāpasthē. This refers to the solar month of Dhanus (Pausha) in the Śaka year 1069 corresponding to 1147 A.D. While editing the Nagarī plates, verse 8was taken to speak of Sarapura as the original name of Kōlāhala, capital of the mythical prince Kōlāhala Anantavarman. But the correct reading of the passage Sarapurañ=cha tadīyam seems to be sa cha purañ=cha tadīyam. This says that both

________________________________________

[1] Above, Vol. XXVIII, pp. 235 ff.
[2] Some of the mistakes that crept into the transcript of the Nagarī plates published above may be corrected with the help of the transcript of the present epigraph.

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