No. 27─ KUNTAGANI PLATES OF KADAMBA RAVIVARMAN, YEAR 12
G. S. GAI, OOTACAMUND
These plates were published about fifteen years ago by Dr. H. D. Sankalia in the New Indian
Antiquary, Vol. IV (1941-42), pp. 178-81 (Plate opposite page 220). At I felt that the reading
of the text and its interpretation could be improved, I requested Dr. Sankalin to send me the
original plates which were in the Deccan College Research Institute, Poona. Dr. Sankalia very
kindly arranged to send the plates to me and also permitted me to re-edit them. Accordingly,
the inscription us edited in the pages of this journal with the kind permission of the Government
Epigraphist for India.
The plates are known to have been found at Kuṇṭagaṇī, a village about 50 miles north-west
of Banavasi in the Sirsi Taluk of North Kanara District in the present Mysore State. This village
is included in the Ankola Taluk of the same District. The set consist of three copper-plates,
each measuring 6.4 inches by 1.9 inches. There is a hole, about 5 inch in diameter, on the left
side of each plate, through which passes the ring with the seal. The ring is about 2 inches in diameter, while the seal which is oval in shape, measures 1.2 inches by 1 inch. In the counter-sunk
surface of the seal is a figure which is rather difficult to make out. Possibly it represents the
standing figure of an animal. The first and the third plates are inscribed on the inner side only
while the second plate has writing on both sides. The first and the second plates contain 3 lines
of writing each and the third plate has 4 lines. Each line contains about 20 aksharas, except the
last line of the third plate which has about 12 aksharas. As some portions of the plates have flaked
off, the letters are damaged in these portions. The plates, together with the ring and the seal,
weigh 45 tolas.
The characters belong to the southern class of alphabets and are regular for the period to
which the record belongs., They resemble the alphabet of the Sirsi and Halsi plates of the same
king. As regards individual letters, t is written throughout without the loop, whether used as single
or in conjunction. The closed or box-type of b is found in lines 3, 4, and 11. Attention may be
drawn to the form of ḷ in line 5, the sign for ph is found in lines 9 and 12 and that for upadhmānīya in line 2. As regards orthography, it may be observed that the consonant following r is
reduplicated while the sibilant sh is correctly not so reduplicated.
The language of the record is Sanskrit and, except the two imprecatory verses at the end,
the text is in prose.
The inscription belongs to the reign of the Kadamba Mahārāja Ravivarman of the Early Kadamba dynasty. It records that, on the full-moon day of the month of Śrāvaṇa in the twelfth
year of his reign, the king granted 24 nivartanas of land situated on either side of a tank-bund
which he casued to be constructed in the village of Variyakā. The donee of the grant was one
Bhavasvāmin of the Dhaumya gōtra, who was well-versed in the Vēdas.
 It is registered as No. 25 of A. R. Ep. 1955-56, App. A.
 N. Ind. Ant., Vol. IV, p. 178.
 Above, Vol. XVI, Plate opposite p. 270.
 Ind. Ant. Vol. VI, Plates between pp. 26-29.
 For a discussion on this feature, see above, Vol. XXVII, pp. 145-47.