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Monday, May 12, 2014


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

List of Plates

Additions and Corrections

Images

Authors

Contents

D. R. Bhat

P. B. Desai

Krishna Deva

G. S. Gai

B R. Gopal & Shrinivas Ritti

V. B. Kolte

D. G. Koparkar

K. G. Krishnan

H. K. Narasimhaswami & K. G. Krishana

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri & T. N. Subramaniam

Sadhu Ram

S. Sankaranarayanan

P. Seshadri Sastri

M. Somasekhara Sarma

D. C. Sircar

D. C. Sircar & K. G. Krishnan

D. C. Sircar & P. Seshadri Sastri

K. D. Swaminathan

N. Venkataramanayya & M. Somasekhara Sarma

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 13─INDRAGADH INSCRIPTION OF NANNAPPA, V. S. 767

(1 Plate)

KRISHNA DEVA, BHOPAL

This inscription[1] was discovered in March 1954 at the old site of Indragaḍh situated two miles north of Bhānpurā, headquarters of a Tahsil of that name in the Mandasaur District of Madhya Bharat (now Madhya Pradesh). The inscription was unearthed in the course of digging for building stones and was found about 3 feet below the surface amidst the excavated remains of an early medieval temple. The remains consisted of a shrine of sandstone with a Śivaliṅga in situ and many Śaiva images and architectural fragments of the early medieval period, which point to the existence of a Śiva temple in the age to which the inscription belongs. The place is studded with ancient remains and is picturesque, being enclosed by a rivulet on two sides and a hill containing an old ruined fort on the third side.

The sandstone slab, bearing the inscription, measures 29″ long, 20″ broad and 3½″ thick. The record consists of 19 lines which are neatly and beautifully engraved. The characters belong to the North Indian Kuṭila script of the early 8th century A.D. and closely resemble those of the Jhalrapatan stone inscription[2] of the time of king Durgagaṇa of V.S. 746 and Kanaswa stone inscription[3] of Śivagaṇa of V. S. 795. Among noteworthy forms may be mentioned final t in mahat (line 13) and the conjuncts ñch in krauñcha (line 14), in saṁjñō (line 7), ry in ºāchāryō (line 6), etc. Medial u is expressed usually by means of a wedge-shaped attachment as in vasudhā (line 1) and occasionally by the curly form as in guṇaiº (line 10). Medial ū is generally indicated by a double curl as in pūjanā (line 15) ; but two variant forms are noticed in the same line in pūrvā and pūrvaja. Medials i, ī and ō have ornamental curly forms in line 1. The letter b has been indicated by the sign for v. Short wedge-shaped strokes have been frequently used in the place of a daṇḍa to mark the end of the first half of a stanza. As regards orthography, the consonants jointed with a subscript r have not been generally doubled, while those in conjunction with a superscript r have been occasionally doubled. For cases of wrong sandhi, cf. yasmin=itthaṁ (line 2 ; but see jvalann=iva in line 9). Final m has been wrongly changed to anusvāra before a vowel in some cases.

The language in Sanskrit and the major portion of the record is in verse, composed in elegant kāvya style. The record opens with the symbol for Ōm and an obeisance to Śiva, followed by two invocatory verses in praise of Śiva and Gaurī. Verse 4 describes the excellence and war-like exploits of king Ṇaṇṇappa who was the son of Bhāmāna of the Rāshṭrakūṭa lineage. In the following four stanzas are praised two teachers of the Pāśupata sect, viz. Vinītarāśi and his disciple Dānarāśi. The ninth verse refers to the construction of a stone temple of Śiva by Dānarāśi. This is followed by two stanzas charging the city (i.e. the council of the elders of the city) for the maintenance of the temple. The next verse is merely imprecatory. Verses 13 and 14 supply the year and the season when the temple was constructed. Verse 15 which is the last stanza in the record under study mentions Durgāditya who was the son Śaṅkara and hailed

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[1] [The inscription was noticed in IHQ, Vol. XXX, pp. 193 ff., Vol. XXXI, pp. 99 ff. It has been published in JBRS, Vol. XLI, part iv, pp. 249 ff.─ Ed.]
[2] Ind. Ant., Vol. V, p. 181 and Plate.
[3] Ibid., Vol. XIX, p. 57 and Plate.

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