No. 10─KILUR INSCRIPTION OF NANDIVARMAN, YEAR 16
K. G. KRISHNAN, OOTACAMUND
The inscription edited here is engraved on a rock in the prākāra of the Vīraṭṭānēśvara temple
at Kīlūr, Tirukkōvilūr Taluk, South Arcot District. The next of the record has been published in
the South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. VII, No. 925. Palaeographically the inscription may be
attributed to the ninth century A. D. The script as well as the language of the record is Tamil.
The inscription is dated in the sixteenth year of the reign of Kō-Vijaiya-Nandivikramaparuman and records a gift by Maravam Pūdi alias Tennavan Iḷaṅgōvēḷār. The gift consisted
of twentyfour kalañju of pure gold weighed by Viḍēlviḍugu, the standard stone, out of the
interest of which the Nagarattār of Tirukkōvalūr undertook to supply ghee for burning a lamp
day and night in front of Mādēva of Tiruvīraṭṭānam at Tirukkōvalūr.
The record is important in that it proves the contemporaneity of Bhūti Vikramakēsari,
the earliest well-known Koḍumbāḷūr chief, with the Pallava king Nandivarman (III). The
genealogy of the family of the Irukkuvēḷs, to which this chief belonged, has been thoroughly
discussed by Shri K. V. Subrahmanya Iyer and Shri K. S. Vaidyanathan.
The name of the donor in this record consists of two words, viz. Maravan and Pūdi. While
the former stands for his father’s name, the latter is his own name and is only a Tamil variant for
Sanskrit Bhūti. It is known from the Mūvarkōyil inscription of Bhūti Vikramakēsari that
Vikramakēsari was a title earned by him for his success in battle against the Pallava king as well
as Vīra-pāṇḍya and Vañji Vēḷ (i.e. the Chēra king). Maravan Pūdi alias Tennavan Iḷaṅgōvēḷār
figures in a number of inscriptions of Rājakēsarivarman who has been identified with Āditya I.
Of these, a record from Tiruppalātturai, dated in the 27th regnal year of a Rājakēsarivarman,
mentions one Tennavan Iḷaṅgōvēḷār alias Maravan Pūdiyār. Karraḷi, the wife of Tennavan Iḷaṅgōvēḷār alias Maravan Pūdi who is the same as the donor of the present record, figures as the
donatrix in another inscription from Tiruppalātturai. It is not unlikely that the same Karraḷi
is spoken of as one of the wives of Bhūti Vikramakēsari in his Mūvarkōyil record. Varaguṇā,
his other wife, may be identified with the homonymous lady mentioned as the wife of Tennavan
Iḷaṅgōvēḷār in another inscription of Rājakēsarivarman. Bhūti Parāntakan, a son of this
chief according to the Mūvarkōyil inscription, built a stone temple for the god at Andanallūr in the
 A. R. Ep., No. 296 of 1902.
 The final n is change to m in association with p of Pūdi. This is in accordance with the rule Melleluttu
miginu mānamillai in the Tolkāppiyam (Eluttadikāram, Puḷḷimayaṅgiyal, Sūtra No. 341).
 QJMS, Vol. XLIII. p. 79 ff.
 The best examples of such double names referring to both the father and the son will be found in A. R. Ep.,
Nos. 147 and 148 of 1937.
 JOR, Vol. VII, p. 1 ff.
SII, Vol. VIII, No. 560. The identification of this Rājakēsarivarman with Āditya I is supported by
palaeography and the high regnal year quoted in the inscription. The absence of the praśasti of Rājarāja I, viz.
Tirumagaḷ pōla, etc., in it would confirm this view.
 SII, Vol. VII, No. 581.
Ibid., No. 568. In the impressions the letters Te…n can be read before the word Iḷaṅgōvēḷār.