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Monday, May 12, 2014


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

List of Plates

Additions and Corrections

Images

Authors

Contents

D. R. Bhat

P. B. Desai

Krishna Deva

G. S. Gai

B R. Gopal & Shrinivas Ritti

V. B. Kolte

D. G. Koparkar

K. G. Krishnan

H. K. Narasimhaswami & K. G. Krishana

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri & T. N. Subramaniam

Sadhu Ram

S. Sankaranarayanan

P. Seshadri Sastri

M. Somasekhara Sarma

D. C. Sircar

D. C. Sircar & K. G. Krishnan

D. C. Sircar & P. Seshadri Sastri

K. D. Swaminathan

N. Venkataramanayya & M. Somasekhara Sarma

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 22─ TWO INSCRIPTIONS OF PARANTAKA, YEAR 9

(1 Plate)

K. A. NILAKANTA SASTRI AND T. N. SUBRAMANIAM, MADRAS

There are three Tamil inscriptions of Parāntakadēva, all dated in the 9th year of his reign, which ‘ pose one of the minor problems ’ in Chōḷa history.[1] Of these, the text of the one found at Tiruvālaṅgāḍu in the Chittoor District of the Andhra State has already been published.[2] The other two inscriptions, one from Kōyil-Tēvarāyan-pēṭṭai in the Tanjavur District (referred to in the sequel as A)[3] and the other from Tiruvaḍatturai in the South Arcot District (marked B in the sequel),[4] both in the Madras State, are now published from the inked impressions kindly placed at our disposal by the Government Epigraphist for India.

Inscription A is found engraved on the south wall of the central shrine of the Matsyapurīśvara temple at Kōyil-Tēvarāyan-pēṭṭai which is included in the present village of Paṇḍāravāḍai, a Railway station in the Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District. It is called Tiruchchēyalūr or Tiruchchēlūr in inscriptions and is said to be included in Rājakēsari-chaturvēdimaṅgalam, a brahmadēya on the southern bank of the river Kāvēri.[5] This Chaturvēdimaṅgalam was evidently founded by the Chōḷa king Āditya I, after whom it was named and one of its hamlets was known as Paṇḍitavatsalachchēri after one of the surnames of his son Parāntaka I.[6]

The other record B is found on the south wall of the maṇḍapa in front of the central shrine in the Tīrthapurīśvara temple at Tiruvaḍatturai, a village about four miles from Peṇṇāgaḍam, on the north bank of the river Veḷḷāru. This place is connected with the life of the Śaivite saint Tirujñānasambandha. The story is that it was at this place that, when he, as a tender child, was no longer in a position to continue his journey either on foot or on the shoulders of his aged father, the god miraculously intervened to offer him a palanquin and an umbrella, both made of pearks.[7] This tradition finds support in the inscriptions wherein the god of this place is called Tirumuttin śivigai kuḍuttaruḷiya Nāyanār.[8] In inscriptions as well as in the hymns of the Tēvāram, this village is known as Tiruvaratturai-Nelvāyil to differentiate it from other places bearing the name of Aratturai.

The two inscriptions are in the Tamil language and script with an admixture of Grantha letters here and there, and palaeographically they may be assigned to circa 1100 A.D. The only orthographical peculiarity that deserves notice here is the use of double chch in Tiruchchēlūr in line 10. In the conjunct letter chchē, the doubled consonant is written after the vowel sign of ē. The letters n and n are used quite indifferently. The rules of sandhi have not been properly observed.

_________________________________________________

[1] K. A. N. Sastri, The Cōḷas, Vol. I, p. 165, note.
[2] A. R. Ep., 1896, No. 16 : SII, Vol. V. No. 879.
[3] A. R. Ep., 1923, No. 261.
[4] Ibid., 1928-29, No. 225.
[5] Ibid., 1923, No. 276.
[6] Ibid., No. 264.
[7] Periyapurāṇam, Tirujñānasambandhamūrti svāmigaḷ purāṇam, vv. 185-214.
[8] A. R. Ep., 1928-29, No. 215.

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