The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

Additions and Corrections

Images

Contents

Rev. J.E. Abbott

R.G. Bhandarkar

Prof. G. Buhler

W. Cartellieri

J.F. Fleet

E. Hultzsch

Prof. Kielhorn

Prof. Kielhorn, and
H. Krishna Sastri

H. Luders

G.V. Ramamurti

J. Ramayya

Vajeshankar G. Ojha, and
TH. Von Schtscherbatskoi

V. Venkayya

E.W. West

Index

List of Plates

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 5.- TAXILA PLATE OF PATIKA.
BY G. BÜHLER, PH.D., LL.D., C.I.E.

I here re-edit the so-called Taxila copper-plate, published first by Professor Dowson,[1] and again in Mr. Rapson’s edition of Dr. Bhagvanlal’s paper on the Northern Kshatrapas,[2] according to a photograph, taken by Mr. Griggs for Dr. Fleet, which I have carefully compared with the original.

The plate, which, according to Sir A. Cunningham,[3] was found in the village of Thupkia in the middle of the ruins of Sir-Sukh, north-east of Shâh-Dhêrî or Taxila, is preserved in the library of the Royal Asiatic Society. It measures fourteen inches by three, and weighs 3½ ounces. It is broken into three pieces, two large ones, right and left, and a small one fitting in between them. Some portions of the central piece, which is half eaten by verdigris, have been lost. Besides, the left-hand upper and lower corners of the plate are broken off, as well as a small bit of the lower portion of the large right-hand piece.

The letters, the outlines of which are represented by rows of small dots, are in the first four lines on the obverse mostly half an inch long, and in line 5 about one-third of the size of the others. They show the type of the Kharôsṭhî of the Śaka period and closely resemble those on the Mathurâ lion capital. The only differences are that ta and sa occasionally have small loops to the left of the tops instead of curves, and that the i-stroke of mi in Rohiṇimitreṇa, l. 5, has been joined to the right end of the consonant, whereby the sign gains the appearance of a stunted ga.

The language is the North-Western or Gandhârian Prâkṛit, described in my introduction to Dr. Bhagvanlal’s interpretation of the Mathurâ lion capital inscriptions.[4] Peculiar are, however, the distinction between the dental and lingual nasals and the use of the anusvâra, which both are absent in the Mathurâ inscription, as well as the substitution of u for o in the termination of the nominative singular of the masculine, of prachu, i.e. * prâchu for prâchô, l. 2, and jau for jao, i.e. jayô. The syntactic construction is very primitive and occasionally faulty ; see the remarks on the translation.

The object of the inscription is to record the solemn deposition of a relic of Śâkyamuni and the erection of a saṁghârâma or monastery at a place called Chhêma (Kshêma) to the north-east of Takhaśila, i.e. Takkhaśila or Taxila, which Sir A. Cunningham (loc. cit.) has shown to be identical with the modern Sir-Sukh, a site covered with Buddhist ruins. Dr. Bhagvanlal has been the first to recognise that the donor is not, as Professor Dowson thought,

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[1] Journ. R. As. Soc. Vol. XX. p. 221 ff.; see also Journ. Bengal As. Soc. Vol. XXXII. p. 421.
[2] Journ. R. As. Soc. 1894, p. 551 ff.
[3] Reports, Vol. II. p. 134, note 1 ; Vol. V. p. 67.
[4] Journ. R. As. Soc. 1894, p. 528 ff.

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