No. 1.- AIHOLE INSCRIPTION OF PULIKESIN II. ;
BY F. KIELHORN, PH.D., LL.D., C.I.E.; GÖTTINGEN.
This inscription is on the east side-wall of an old temple called Mêguṭi, at Aihoḷe in the
Hungund tâluka of the Bijâpur (formerly Kalâdgi) district. It was first edited, with a
photo-lithograph, by Dr. Fleet in Ind. Ant. Vol. V. p. 67 ff., and a revised version of the text
and translation, with and improved photo-lithograph, has been given by the same scholar, ibid.
Vol. VIII. p. 237 ff., and Archæol. Surv. of West. India, Vol. III. p. 129 ff. I re-edit the
inscription at the suggestion of, and from an estampage supplied to me by, Dr. Fleet himself,
who was anxious to publish the accompanying photo-lithograph which is the first true facsimile
of this record. In common fairness I am bound to state that Dr. Fleet’s edition, published
more than twenty years ago, was an excellent piece of work, which has been of great assistance
to me ; and I would wish it to be understood that I consider any improvements in the
reading or interpretation of the text which I may be able to offer, to be mainly due to the rapid
advance of Indian epigraphy, brought about to no small extent by Dr. Fleet’s own exertions.
The inscription contains 19 lines of writing, of which nearly the whole of line 18 and the
short line 19 apparently are a later addition of little importance, which may be left out of
consideration in these introductory remarks. The writing covers a space of about 4ʹ 9½ʺ
broad by 2ʹ ½ʺ high ; it is well engraved, and generally in an excellent state of preservation.
The size of the letters is between ½ʺ and ⅝ʺ. The characters belong to the southern class of
alphabets ; they are of the regular type of the characters of the Western Chalukya records of
the period to which the inscription belongs. Of initial vowels, the text contains the sings for
a, â, i and u, and of the sings of the ordinary Sanskṛit consonants, all excepting ḍh ; but chh,
ṭh and the rare jh(in =ôjjhati, l. 7) occur only as subscript letters. The alphabet also includes
the signs of the jihvâmûlîya (e.g. in Ravikîrttih=kavitâ- at the end of line 17), the upadhmânîya
(e.g. in yah=prabhavaḥ=purusha-, l. 1), and the Draviḍian ḷ (e.g. in Mâḷava-, l. 11, and puḷina-,
 See Revised Lists of Antiquarian Remains Bombay Pres., p. 183.
 It is strange that none of the published palæographic Tables should give a single instance of the southern
form of jh from an inscription. The form of the subscript jh used in the present inscription is almost identical
with the one employed in the first Cambodian inscription (in the word ujjhita in line 7, Inscr. Sanscrites du
Cambodge, p. 13, and Plate), the alphabet of which in other respects essentially differs from that of the Western