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What Is India News Service
Mondya, July 22, 2013


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA
___________________________

VOLUME VII.
___________________________

No. 1.- DATES OF CHOLA KINGS.
BY F. KIELHORN. PH.D., LL.D., C.I.E.; GÖTTINGEN.
(Continued from Vol. VI. page 285.)

A.- PARANTAKA I.
55.- In the Kęśava-Perumâḷ temple at Kűram.[1]

1 Svast[i] śr[î] [||*] [Ma]d[irai ko]ṇḍ=Î[lam] pu[gun]da [kô]=Pparakkê[sa]ri[pan]- ma[r*]k[ku] yâṇḍu nârpadâvadu
2 i[v*]v-âṭ[ṭ]ai . . . [ḍa]ga-[2]nâya[r]ru apara-pa[ksha*]t[tu]=Chchani-kkilamaiyum nava[m]iyum perra Uroyaṇi-nâḷ irâtri.

“In the fortieth year (of the reign) of king Parakêsarivarman who took Madirai and entered Îlam,─ at night on the day of Rôhiṇi, which corresponded to a Saturday and to the ninth tithi of the second fortnight of the month of [Karkaṭa]ka in this year.”

Although I am unable to give with confidence the actual equivalent of this date, I may state that between A.D. 900 and 985 the only years for which the date would be quite regular are A.D. 919 and 946.

For A.D. 919 the date would correspond to Saturday, the 24th July, which was the 30th day of the month of Karkaṭaka, and on which the 9th tithi of the dark half (of the mouth Śrâvaṇa) ended 4 h. 41 m., and the nakshatra was Rôhiṇî for 17 h. 44 m., after mean sunrise.

And for A.D. 946 it would correspond to Saturday, the 25th July, which was the last day of the month of Karkaṭaka, and on which the 9th tithi of the half (of the month Śrâvaṇa) ended 13 h. 11 m. after mean sunrise, and the nakshatra was Rôhiṇî the whole day.

B.- KULOTTUNGA–CHOLA I.
56.- In the Lakshmînârâyaṇa temple at Kâvânṭaṇḍalam.[3]

1 Svasti Srî [||*] Tiru ma[nni] viḷaṅga
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[1] No. 34 of the Government Epigraphist’s collection for 1900.
[2] Read perhaps Karkaḍaga-.
[3] No. 206 of the Government Epigraphist’s collection for 1901 ; South-Ind, Inscr, Vol. III. No. 77.

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