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Monday, December 02, 2013


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

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VOLUME VIII.

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No. 1.─ DATES OF CHOLA KINGS.

BY PROFESSOR F. KIELHORN, C.I.E. ; GÖTTINGEN.

(Continued from Vol. VII. page 177.)

Of the numerous dates of Chôḷa kings sent to me by Prof. Hultzsch and Mr. Venkayya, I again publish seventeen Among these, the most interesting─ and, I may add, those which have given me most trouble─ are perhaps the five dates Nos. 85-89 of Râjarâja [II.] Parakêsarivarman, which prove that this king, of whom no dates have yet been published here, commenced to reign between (approximately) the 27th March and the 23rd November A.D. 1146. The date No. 99 reduces the time, previously found for the commencement of the reign of Râjêndra-Chôḷa III., to the period from (approximately) the 21st March to the 20th April A.D. 1246. The date No. 94, of Kulôttuṅga-Chôḷa III., is of the 25th January A.D. 1217, while the dates of his successor Râjarâja III. show that this king commenced to reign already between (approximately) the 23rd June and the 13th August A.D. 1216 ; and similarly the dates Nos. 96 and 97, of Râjarâja III., are of the 7th February and the 22nd April A.D. 1248, while the years of his successor Râjêndra-Chôḷa III., as has just been stated, are counted from some time between (approximately) the 21st March and the 20th April A.D. 1246. The date No. 100 belongs to a king or chief Tribhuvanavîra-Chôḷa, who apparently commenced to reign in A.D. 1331-32.

A.─ VIKRAMA-CHOLA.

84.─ In the Śaranârâyaṇa-Perumâḷ temple at Tiruvadi.[1]

1 Svasti śrî [||*] Pû-mâdu puṇara . . . . . . 9 . . . . . . kô=Pparakêśaripanma-
10 r=âna Tiribuvanachchakkaravatti[ga*]ḷ śrî-Vikkirama-Śôladêvar-
11 kku yâṇ[ḍu*] 7vadu Siṁ[ha]-nâyarru apara-pakshattu êkâ-
12 [di(da)] śiyun=Tiruvâdiraiyum perra [V]i[y]âla-kkilamai-nâḷ.

“ In the 7th year (of the reign) of king Parakêsarivarman alias the emperor of the three worlds, the glorious Vikrama-Chôḷadêva,─ on a Thursday, which corresponded to (the day of)Ârdrâ and to the eleventh tithi of the second fortnight of the month of Siṁha.”

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[1] No. 30 of the Government Epigraphist’s collection for 1903.

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