What Is India News Service
Tuesday, June 14, 2011

The Indian Analyst


South Indian Inscriptions






List of Plates


Additions And Corrections



Inscriptions And Translations

Kalachuri Chedi Era



Early Kalachuris of Mahishmati

Early Gurjaras

Kalachuri of Tripuri

Kalachuri of Sarayupara

Kalachuri of South Kosala

Sendrakas of Gujarat

Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Dynasty of Harischandra




Economic Condition



Genealogical Tables

Texts And Translations

Incriptions of The Abhiras

Inscriptions of The Maharajas of Valkha

Incriptions of The Mahishmati

Inscriptions of The Traikutakas

Incriptions of The Sangamasimha

Incriptions of The Early Kalcahuris

Incriptions of The Early Gurjaras

Incriptions of The Sendrakas

Incriptions of The Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Incriptions of The Dynasty of The Harischandra

Incriptions of The Kalachuris of Tripuri

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II



Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




The Gurjaras were staunch adherents of Hinduism, Nearly all their grants were made to Brahmanas for the maintenance of the five great sacrifices. The earlier rulers down to Jayabhata II were workshippers of the Sun, while the later ones were, without expection, devotees of Siva.


The Sēndrakas first appear on the political horizon of South India as feudatories of the Rāshtrakūtas and the Kadambas. The Gokak plates,1 dated in circa 532-33 A.C., mention the Sēndraka prince Indrananda as a feudatory of the Rāshtrakūta king Dējja-Mahārāja. He was ruling over the territory round Jamkhandi, about 80 miles south by east of Kolhapur. Some other records mention the Sēndrakas in connection with the Kadambas. A cooper-Plate inscription2 of the Kadamba king Harivarman records the royal grant of the village Maradē at the request of Bhānuśakti who is described therein as ‘the ornament of the family of the Sēndrakas.’ Another Kadamba inscription3 mentions the Sēndraka-vishaya or the home province of the Sēndraksas. After the fall of the Kadambas, the Sēndrakas matrimonially connected. From the Chiplun plates of Pulakēśin II4 we learn that his maternal uncle Śrīvallabha Sēnānanda was ‘an ornament of the Sēndrakas.’ He was probably ruling over South Konkan as a feudatory of Pulakēśin II as the latter sanctioned his grant of the village Āmravātaka and some allotment at another village Avañchapālī in the Avarētika vishaya.5 These villages were evidently situated in the vicinity of Chiplun, the former being probably identical with Āmbōli, 15m. north of Chiplun. Another Sēndraka chief seems to have been appointed to govern some part of the Banavāsi kingdom which had been conquered from the Kadambas; for, a later inscription of the time of Pulakeśin II’s grandson Vinayaditya6 mentions the Mabaraja Pogilli of the Sendraka family ruling over the Nagarkhand District, which, as we know from other records, was comprised in the Banavasi Twelve-thousand. Again, the Sendraka feudatory Deasakti is mentioned in a record of the tenth year of Vikramaditya I , found in Karnul District of the Madras State.7 The Sendrakas claimed to be of the Bhujagendra anvaya8 or Phanindra vamsa.8 They, Therefore, belonged to the Naga race. Their modern representatives are the Sindes, Whose crest contains the Naga emblem.

After the overthrow of the Kalachuris, Pulakēśin II divided their extensive kingdom among his relatives and trusted chiefs. Southern Gujarat extending from the Kim in the north to the Damangangā in the south was placed in charge of a Sēndraka chief. The

1 Ep. Ind., Vol. XXI, pp. 289 ff.
2 Ind. Ant., Vol. VI, p. 31; J. B. B. R. A. S., Vol. IX, p. 239.
3 Ep. Carn., Vol.V,p.594.
4 Ep. Ind., Vol. III P. 50. For three other Sēndraka inscriptions of the same period see Ep. Ind., Vol. XXI, pp. 289 ff.
5 Mr. Jackson suggested that Avarētika was identical with Aparānta. J. B. B. R. A. S., Vol. XX, p. 41.
6 Ind. Ant., Vol. XIX, P. 142.
7 J. B. B. R. A. S., Vol. XVI, p. 239. A stone inscription at Lakshmeshvar ( Ind. Ant., Vol. VII, pp. IOI ff.) near the south-east corner of the Dharwar District mentions king Durgśakti, son of Kundaśakti who was son of Vijayaśakti of the Sēndraka family, as a contemporary of Satyāśraya, son of Rangaparākrama (who is obviously intended to be Pulakēśin II, son of Kirtivarman I), but the inscription is spurious, See Ind. Ant., Vol. XXX, p. 218.
8 Ibid., Vol. VII, p. 1o6.
9 S. M. H. D., Vol. I, pp. 21 and 82-83


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