SENDRAKAS OF GUJARAT
The Gurjaras were staunch adherents of Hinduism, Nearly all their grants were
made to Brahmanas for the maintenance of the five great sacrifices. The earlier rulers
down to Jayabhata II were workshippers of the Sun, while the later ones were, without
expection, devotees of Siva.
THE SENDRAKAS OF GUJARAT
The Sēndrakas first appear on the political horizon of South India as feudatories of
the Rāshtrakūtas and the Kadambas. The Gokak plates,1 dated in circa 532-33 A.C., mention
the Sēndraka prince Indrananda as a feudatory of the Rāshtrakūta king Dējja-Mahārāja. He
was ruling over the territory round Jamkhandi, about 80 miles south by east of Kolhapur.
Some other records mention the Sēndrakas in connection with the Kadambas. A cooper-Plate
inscription2 of the Kadamba king Harivarman records the royal grant of the village
Maradē at the request of Bhānuśakti who is described therein as ‘the ornament of the
family of the Sēndrakas.’ Another Kadamba inscription3 mentions the Sēndraka-vishaya or the home province of the Sēndraksas. After the fall of the Kadambas, the Sēndrakas
matrimonially connected. From the Chiplun plates of Pulakēśin II4 we learn that his
maternal uncle Śrīvallabha Sēnānanda was ‘an ornament of the Sēndrakas.’ He was probably
ruling over South Konkan as a feudatory of Pulakēśin II as the latter sanctioned his
grant of the village Āmravātaka and some allotment at another village Avañchapālī in the Avarētika vishaya.5 These villages were evidently situated in the vicinity of Chiplun, the former being probably identical with Āmbōli, 15m. north of Chiplun. Another Sēndraka chief seems to have been appointed to govern some part of the Banavāsi kingdom which had been conquered from the Kadambas; for, a later inscription of the time of Pulakeśin II’s grandson Vinayaditya6 mentions the Mabaraja Pogilli of the Sendraka family ruling over
the Nagarkhand District, which, as we know from other records, was comprised in the Banavasi Twelve-thousand. Again, the Sendraka feudatory Deasakti is mentioned in a record
of the tenth year of Vikramaditya I , found in Karnul District of the Madras State.7
The Sendrakas claimed to be of the Bhujagendra anvaya8 or Phanindra vamsa.8 They,
Therefore, belonged to the Naga race. Their modern representatives are the Sindes,
Whose crest contains the Naga emblem.
After the overthrow of the Kalachuris, Pulakēśin II divided their extensive kingdom
among his relatives and trusted chiefs. Southern Gujarat extending from the Kim in the
north to the Damangangā in the south was placed in charge of a Sēndraka chief. The
1 Ep. Ind., Vol. XXI, pp. 289 ff.
2 Ind. Ant., Vol. VI, p. 31; J. B. B. R. A. S., Vol. IX, p. 239.
3 Ep. Carn., Vol.V,p.594.
4 Ep. Ind., Vol. III P. 50. For three other Sēndraka inscriptions of the same period see Ep. Ind., Vol. XXI, pp. 289 ff.
5 Mr. Jackson suggested that Avarētika was identical with Aparānta. J. B. B. R. A. S., Vol. XX, p. 41.
6 Ind. Ant., Vol. XIX, P. 142.
7 J. B. B. R. A. S., Vol. XVI, p. 239. A stone inscription at Lakshmeshvar ( Ind. Ant., Vol. VII,
pp. IOI ff.) near the south-east corner of the Dharwar District mentions king Durgśakti, son of Kundaśakti
who was son of Vijayaśakti of the Sēndraka family, as a contemporary of Satyāśraya, son of Rangaparākrama
(who is obviously intended to be Pulakēśin II, son of Kirtivarman I), but the inscription is spurious, See
Ind. Ant., Vol. XXX, p. 218.
8 Ibid., Vol. VII, p. 1o6.
9 S. M. H. D., Vol. I, pp. 21 and 82-83