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Friday, March 09, 2012


The Indian Analyst


 

North Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Maps and Plates

Abbreviations

Additions and Corrections

Images

Introduction

Political History

The Early Silaharas

The Silaharas of North Konkan

The Silaharas of South Konkan

The Silaharas of Kolhapur

Administration

Religious Condition

Social Condition

Economic Condition

Literature

Architecture and Sculpture

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of the Silaharas of North Konkan

Inscriptions of The Silaharas of South Konkan

Inscriptions of The Silaharas of kolhapur

APPENDIX I  

Additional Inscriptions of the Silaharas

APPENDIX II  

A contemporary Yadava Inscription

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

THE EARLY SILAHARAS

 

..AS many as ten families of the Śilāhāras are known to have ruled in Mahārāshṭra and Karnāṭaka as evidenced by their inscriptions.[1] The history of only three of them is dealt with here. They were all ruling in Mahārāshṭra. One of them occupied North Koṅkaṇ, comprising the modern districts of Kolābā and Ṭhāṇā. This country was traditionally supposed to comprise 1400 villages. [2] Its early capital was Purī, from which the country came to be known as Purī-Kōṅkaṇa.[3] Purī has been variously identified. Some take it to be Ghārāpurī or Elephanta, about seven miles west of Bombay, famous for its magnificently carved Śiva-temples.[4] There is, however, no inscriptional proof of this identification.[5] Besides, the island is too small to be the capital of a fairly large kingdom such as that of the Mauryas, who are known to have ruled from there.[6] Again, the island is cut off from the mainland by a considerable stretch of the sea, and so it is inconvenient for constant and easy communication such as a capital requires. Another identification proposed is that Purī is identical with Rājapurī in the former Janjirā State,[7] which is situated at the mouth of a large creek on the western coast. But this place is almost near the southern end of North Koṅkan, of which it is known to have been the capital for some time. The capital of a country is generally near its centre for convenience of administration. Śūrpāraka, modern Sopārā in the Ṭhāṇā District, the earliest capital of North Koṅkaṇ, occupied such a place. This is also supported by the discovery of a set of Aśōkā’s rock edicts there.[8] Sthānaka, modern Ṭhāṇā, the capital of the Śilāhāras of North Koṅkaṇ, is also situated in the Ṭhāṇā District. So Purī also must have been situated in the same district. It may be noted in this connection that the only known stone inscription of the Mauryas was found at Vāḍā in the Ṭhāṇā District.[9] Cousens proposed to identify Purī with a site, one mile north of the village Māroḷ in the island of Sālseṭṭe comprised in the Ṭhāṇā District.[10] This place is literally sea-girt as described in the Aihoḷe inscription,[11] but the north and north east sides are not so separated from the mainland as to have made it difficult for troops to be transported one way or the other. There are extensive ruins of old temples there. We have, however, so far no evidence that the site near Māroḷ bore the name of Purī. The exact identi fication of this flourishing capital of the Mauryas must, therefore, be left for future research. Purī ceased to be the capital of North Koṅkaṇ after the fall of the Mauryas. The Śilāhāras made Sthānaka, modern Ṭhāṇā, the seat of their government.
___________________

[1] Ep. Ind., Vol. XXVII, p. 70.
[2] See e.g. the Bhādāna grant (No. 7), line 56 ; Khārepāṭaṇ plates (No. 19), lines 64-65 etc. In the earlier Anjanerī plates of Bhōgaśakti the number of villages is stated to be fourteen thousand. See C.I.I., Vol. IV, p. 149.
[3] North Koṅkaṇ is mentioned in several Śilāhāra inscriptions as Purī-prabhṛiti-Kōṅkaṇa or Purī-pramukha-Kōṅkaṇa. See e.g. No. 1, line 2; No. 9, lines 20-21 etc.
[4] A Guide to Elephanta by Hirananda Sastri, pp. 8 f.
[5] On a copper jar found in the silt of a large cistern in the west wing of the main cave at Elephanta there is an inscription dated Saṁvat 1143 which Hirananda Sastri doubtfully read Śri-Purī-vina(sha) yē-tra and took Śrī- Purī- as the name of the place on the evidence of the inscription; but the intended reading seems to be Śri-Purī-vina(ni)rggatta(ta)-, which point to an opposite conclusion. See Pl. IV in his Guide to Elephanta.
[6] Purī is described as the goddess of the western ocean, and as the capital of the Mauryas in the Aihoḷe inscription of Pulakēśin II. Ep. Ind., Vol. VI, p. 6.
[7] P.I.H.C. (1940), pp. 86 f.
[8] C.I.I., Vol. I,p. 118.
[9] Bom. Gaz. (old ed.), Vol. XIV, pp. 572-73.
[10] Cousens, Mediaeval Temples of the Deccan, p. 81.
[11] Ep. Ind., Vol. VI, p. 6.

 


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