The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Introduction

Collection of Tiruvarur Temple Inscriptions 

  Volume 2 -  38 to 68

Volume 8 - 1 & 291

Volume 17 - 521 to 625

Volume 19 - 156 & 158

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

  Tiruvarur Temple Inscriptions

No. 521.

(A. R. No. 479 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirhutturaippundi taluk, Tnajore district

On a pillar in the mandapa  in front of the Ramanathesvara shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Parantaka I.  Year 15 : 921 – 22 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of 90 sheep by Kadan Kalitongal, a merchant of Tandiram in Tiruvarur-kkurram for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity with one ulakku of ghee daily by the measure called Tirumaraikkadan.

No. 558.

(A. R. No. 515 of 1904).

Kivalur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Akshayalingesvara temple.

Rajaraja II.   Year 18 : 1163 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., 18th year, Dhanus ba. 8, Sunday, Hastam, correspond to 1163 A.D., December 20, Friday (not Sunday) 79; ’20.

This inscription records the grant by purchase of land called Sendamaraikkannan-kollai situated in Sattangudi, a hamlet of Periyalattur alias Kshatriyasikhamani-chchaturvedimangalam for rearing a garden for god Kedili-nayanar by Srimulattanam-udaiyan-bhattan of Kuravaseri worshipping god Tiruvarur-udaiyar in Tiruvarur-kurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu and Avudiyalchchani, wife of Perumbarrap-puliyur Vinayaka-bhattan, a devotee of this same god.  The latter is stated to have had the former as her guardian (mudukan).  Provision was also made for the residence of the andar tending the garden. 

No. 561.

(A. R. No. 518 of 1904).

Tevur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the Devapurisvara temple.

                 Jatavarman Sundarapandya II.  year 1[1] : 1287 A.D.                       

On grounds of paleography the king Jatavarman Sundarapandya may be identified with the second king of that name and the details of date given viz., 1[1]th year, Vrischika, ba. 6, Wednesday, Pusam, correspond to 1287 A.D., October 29, Wednesday.

This inscription records the grant of lands after purchasing the same from the temple for 150 panam, to god Tiru-Adittisvaram-udaiyar in Tiruttevur in Tevur-nadu in Arumolideva-valanadu, as capital for performing the Atkondanayakan-sandhi named after the donor, just after the early morning service, by Alagiyamanavalan, Atkondanayakan of Tengudi, a lease-holder in Menilappadi alias Virarajendrapuram in Tiruvarur-kurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu.  The temple authorities undertook to conduct the service even in time of floods and draught.

This money received as price for the land was utilized by the temple authorities to construct in stone the structure above the kumudaga-ppadai and kovalam  in the tiru-agra-mandapam 

No. 562.

(A. R. No. 519 of 1904).

Tevur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the Devapurisvara temple.

Devaraya II, S. 1347 : 1426 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., Saka 1347, Visvavasu, tai 15, correspond to 1426 A.D., January 10, Thursday.

This inscription seems to record the settlement made by Periya Sirupparasar fixing the amount of the levy called magamai, payable by those, to whom the taxes on the classes of villages such as pandaravadai, irai-ilipparru, amaram, and likhitajivitam were leased out.  It appears that the taxes were being collected without reference to the prevailing prices.  Some settlements seem to have been made previously by Devargalnayan alias  Bukkana Udaiyar.  It also mentions one Annappayan, who seems to have come to Tiruvarur, to conduct an enquiry and Kannimandanayan, who bid a high  rate for being given the right to collect these taxes.  It is also stated that the Chikka Devar laid down that the members of the Valangai and Idangai could collect 1 panam per mavan (son) in each community. 

No. 578.

(A. R. No. 533 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the Tyagraja shrine in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga I. Year 23 : 1092 – 93 A.D.

This inscription contains portions of the prasasti, Pugalsulndapunari etc., of Kulottunga I.

It seems to record some sale of land to the temple by the nagarattar of Tiruvarur in Tiruvarur-kurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu.  Other details are lost as the record is built in and incomplete. 

No. 579.

(A. R. No. 534 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the Tyagraja shrine in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajendra II. Year 9 : 1060 – 61 A.D.

This inscription contains portions of the prasasti, Tirumadu puviyenum etc., of Rajendra II.

This records the gift of land by purchase from the perunguri sabha of Velangudi, a brahmadeya  in Tiruvarur-kurram in Adhirajaraja-valanadu, who made it tax-free in lieu of 140 kasu received by them from Velan Maran alias Sembiyan Ten . . . . . of Paravai-chchurru-ppundi in Rajaraja-valanadu, for certain services including Na[du]vil Rajendran sandi to god Mulasthanam-udaiyar at Tiruvarur.

No. 580.

(A. R. No. 535 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On a slab built into the floor of the first prakara, north of the Tyagaraja shrine in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Sarfoji-maharaja.  Saka 1639 : 1717 A.D.

This inscription mentions the king’s predecessor Sahji-maharaja and his predecessor Ekoji-maharaja.  The details of date given viz., Saka 1639, Kali 4818, Hevilambi, Chittirai 15, su. 13, Friday, Hasta, regularly correspond to 1717 A.D., April 12, Friday.

It records the renovation (ashtabandhanam) of the shrine of Mahasivalingam within the temple of god Tyagaraja-svamin Valmikanathasvamin, by Mahamandalesvara Saraposi (Sarfoji)-maharaja.  

No. 581.

(A. R. No. 536 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On another slab built into the floor of the first prakara, north of the central shrine in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Achyutappa-Nayaka 1564 A.D. (?)

This inscription is dated in S. 1482, Rudhirodgarin Panguni 29.  The saka and the cyclic years do not tally.  Rudhirodgarin falls in Saka 1485.

This seems to record the grant of income from levies such as araimanai sodi, adhikar [kadaikkuttu], and sodi-puravagai as sarvamanya, for the merit of his father Sevvappa Nayaka of Nedungunram by Achyutappa Nayaka.  Other details are lost as the inscription is damaged. 

No. 582.

(A. R. No. 537 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Kulottunga III. Year 8 : 1084 - 85 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti Puyal vayttu etc., of Kulottunga II.  The month Tula is mentioned as the date of the grant.  It seems to refer to a transaction made in the reign of Sungantavirttarulina Kulottungachola. The donor of this record is probably the same as Vedavanam-udaiyan Ammaiyappan Pallavarayan, who figures as an officer of the king’s predecessar Rajadhiraja II (Vide Ep. Ind. Vol.  XXI, p. 191).

This records a grant of land to the temple for burning 3 perpetual lamps each for the deities Tiruvarur Sri Mulasthanamudaiyar, Vidividanga-pperumal and goddess Tirukkamakkottamudaiya Periyanachchiyar, by Vedavanam-u . . . . . . . . . . of Palaiyanur in Melmalai-ppalaiyanur-nadu in Jayangondasola-mandalam. The land was entrusted in pieces of two persons who agreed to contribute the ghee required for the lamps. 

No. 583.

(A.R. No. 538 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara  in the Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Rajadhiraja II.  Year 2 : 1164 or 1168 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti Kadal sulnda parmagalum etc., of Rajadhiraja II.  The details of date given, viz., Year 2, Mesha su. 6, Monday, Punarpusam, regularly correspond to 1168 A.D., April 15, Monday, ’30 ; ’28.  Dr Kielhorn however has equated these details to 1164 A.D., March 30, ’85.  The star, however, was current throughout Tuesday and continued on Wednesday till ’10 of that day according to the Indian Ephemeris.

This records a gift of two pieces of land by purchase as Rajadhirajapperuvilai from Tonri Muvayirattoruvan, one of the tiruvidi andar and a headman of Perunar, tiruppudiyiduttu vilagam (i.e., land whose fresh produce is entirely allotted for food offerings) by Palaiyanur-udaiyan Vedavanam-udaiyan Ammai-Appan alias Rajaraja-vilupparaiyan of Menmalai-ppalaiyanur-nadu in Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 584.

(A. R. No. 539 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Maravarman Srivalla[bha*]deva.  Year 35 : 1342 A.D.

Palaeographically the inscription may be assigned to the 14th century and the details of date given viz., Year 35, Simha su. 5, Wednesday, Chittirai regularly correspond to 1342 A.D., August 7, ’44 ; ’30.

This seems to record a gift of land by purchase, after making it tax free, for the recitation of Vedic hymns (adhyayana) once daily in the temple, by Tolan Irajaraja Akalanka-nada[lvan] of Tiruttondisvaram in Panaiyur-nadu in Kulottungasola-valanadu. 

No. 585.

(A. R. No. 540 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajadhiraja II.  Year 10 : 1173 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Kadal sulnda parelum etc., of Rajadhiraja II.  The details of date given, viz., Year 10, Mina su.  13, Tuesday, Magha regularly correspond to 1173 A.D., February 27, Tuesday, ’48 ; ’65.  These details regularly correspond also to 1176 A.D., February 24, Tuesday, ’41 ; ’85.

This records a grant of land, bought as Irajadhiraja-pperuvilai in Solakeralanallur in Tiruvarur-kkurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu as kani to goddess Paraloka . . . . . menmoli-nachchiyar in the shrine of the goddess Tirukkamakkottam-udaiya Periyanachchiyar in the temple of god Sri-mulasthanamudaiyar by Palaiyanurudaiyan Vedavanamudaiyan Ammai Appan alias Pallavarajan of Menmalai-palaiyanur-nadu in Jayangondasola-mandalam (vide No. 583 above). 

No. 586.

(A. R. No. 541 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Kulottunga I. Year 44 : 1113 - 14 A.D.

This record commences with the prasasti pugalmadu vilanga etc., of Kulottunga I.

It states that the sabha of Pudukkudi, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kkurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu, having assembled at the Devasriyan sold and made tax-free various pieces of lands with all rights of irrigation to Tribhuvanamudaiyan Irajendrasolan alias Kulottungasola-Malaiyarajapanmar, a panimagan, resident in the place, who paid 24½ kalanju of gold and donated the land for daily worship and offerings to the deity Umai Nangai set up at the Ulaguyyakkonda-kamakkottam.  The treasury is called Tyagavinodan and the standard weight stone is stated to be equivalent to Tyagavinodan-madai.

No. 587.

(A. R. No. 542 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Rajadhiraja II.  year 9 : 1172 A.D. (?)

This inscription commences with the kprasasti, Kadalsulnda parmagalum etc., of Rajadhiraja II.  The details of the date given, viz., year 9, Tula ba.  Are insufficient for verification.  Other details are lost in the portion built in.

This records a grant of land in Rajaraja-pottur alias Ammaiappanallur, formerly a portion of Sirukurranallur, in Vela-nadu in Kulottungasola-valanadu, purchased for 1500 kasu, to god Srimulasthanam-udaiyar of Tiruvarur, by Palaiyanurudaiyan Vedavanamudaiyan Ammai Appan alias Pallavarajan of Menmalai-ppalaivanur (Vide Nos. 582 and 583 above).

No. 588.

(A. R. No. 543 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the east wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Rajadhiraja II.  Year 5 : 1167 A.D. (?)

This inscription is dated in the 19th day of the 5th year of Tribhuvanachakravartin Rajadhirajadeva, evidently identical with Rajadhiraja II on account of the mention of an order of Vikrama-chola.

This records an order of the king, restoring to the servants of the temple of Srimulasthanamudaiyar, house-sites previously made tax-free and set apart for them after making allotments to the chettis, chekkara, their followers and Cholendirasingan velaikkarar in the 9th year of Vikramachola. The sites are stated to have been later on encroached upon by the chettis for their dwellings and shops.  It is also stated that the servants of the temple were to receive 100 kasu in compensation.

No. 589.

(A. R. No. 544 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the first prakara  in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga I.  year 34 : 1103 – 04 A.D.

This epigraph commences with the prasasti, pugalmadu vilanga etc., of the king.

It seems to record a list of the lands belonging to god Ulagisvaramudaiyar of Tiruvarur, in Tiruvarur-kkurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu. The devadanam Palanakkudi is mentioned.  The details of the gift are lost as the inscription is damaged and incomplete.

No. 590.

(A. R. No. 545 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the first prakara  in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola.  Year [6] : 1123 A.D.

The details of date given viz., Year 6, Avani, su.  Ayilyam are insufficient to calculate the equivalent.

This inscription records the sale of land, made tax-free, to god srimulasthana-mudaiyar by Ponmalai-chcheri Udaiyan. Velan, Suriyan alias Virudarajabhayankara Alundur-Velan, receiving 4 anradu narkasu granted to the temple for maintaining a garden, by Palaiyurudaiyan Chandrasekharan Adividangan alias  Mahabalivanarayar. Of  the 4 kasu, 1 kasu is stated to be the cost of the land and 3 kasu, the lump sum provided for making it tax-free.

No. 591.

(A. R. No. 546 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara  in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Year 2.

This inscription does not give the name of the king but mentions the 9th day of the second year.  On paleographical considerations this may be assigned to the 12th century.

It records a agrant of land as kani  and jivitam to Pirana-upakari-Saraiku . . . . . alias Solendrasinga …. . . .  . . . .[Virati]yagataraiyan by the deity at Tiruvarur made at the instance of Solatunga-kkadigamarayan, (Ghatika-maharaja).

No. 592.

(A. R. No. 547 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

[Rajaraja II].

This inscription commences with the Prasasti pumaruviya poruppelum, etc., and stops in the middle.

No. 593.

(A. R. No. 548 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Year 13.

This inscription does not give the name of the king.  It is dated in the 202nd day of the 13th year.  Palaeographically it may be assigned to the 12th century A.D.

It records a grant of land in Vayarrur, a brahmadeya to one Pungoyilnambi who composed the Viranukka-vijayam in honour of Virasola-anukkar patronized as our sons (nammakkal) by the god Tiruvarurudaiyar Vidividangadevar, when he was witnessing a dance by Pungoyil  Nayaka-ttalaikkoli at Devasriyan.  The grant is stated to have been made by the deity at the instance of Tyagavinoda-kkadigaimarayan who acted as the kelvi.  Muttirattan figures as the signatory.

No. 594.

(A. R. No. 549 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga II.  year 15 : 1147 – 48 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Pumannupadumam etc., of Kulottunga II and stops after mentioning the date.

No. 595.

(A. R. No. 550 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga III.  year 13 : 1190 – 91 A.D.

This inscription is dated in the reign of the Kulottunga-choladeva, who took Madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya, i.e., Kulottunga III.

It records the grant of lands by purchase as antarayam kola urkkil iraiyili by the Srikaryam Pungudaiyan Vira-Vichchadira (vidyadhara) – ppallavaraiyan, from the villagers of Pudukkudi and Pana;ngudi, for worship and daily food offerings to god Dikku-nirainda Vinayaka-ppillaiyar set up to the west of tirthakkulam by the donor.  The lands along with another piece of land granted for the same purpose by the residents of Tyagavindoa-chchaturvedimangalam, were entrusted to the care of Mahavrati Baradayan Tiruchchirrambalam-udaiyan Tirumutti-yavan who had the paricharakkani in the temple.  The god Vidividanga-pperumal is stated to have approved this arrangement made at the instance of Tiruvaykkelvi Tamiladaraiyan, when he was taken out in procession in the attattu-veli  on the occasion of the Pusam festival in the month of Tai.

No. 596.

(A. R. No. 551 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Maravarman Mulasekhara I.  year 40 : 1308 A.D.

The details of date given viz., Year 40, S. 1229, Mina ba. 10, Monday, Tiruvonam, regularly correspond to 1308 A.D., March 18, Monday.  The Saka date 1229 is given at the end.

This epigraph records a grant of land in Sirunallur a brahmadeya in Tevur-nadu in Geyamanikka-valanadu as tirunamattukkani to god Tiruvarurudaiyar by Velan Kongil Pillaiyan of Kalanivayil in Eyil-nadu in pandikulapati-valanadu.  The lands are stated to have been purchased for this purpose even in the 32nd year of the king but were in the enjoyment of the donor.

No. 597.

(A. R. No. 552 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga II.  Year 12 : 1143 – 44 A.D.

This inscription mentions a land survey made in the 16th year of Sungandavirttarulinadva i.e., Kulottunga I.

It records a gift to Sri-Mulasthanam-udaiyar, of land made tax-free, purchased from Brahmanas in Nadappur alias Uttamasolamangalam in Panaiyur-nadu in Kulottungasola-valanadu, in Edirilisolanallur, a tax free devadana, by Andapillai Andar.  The produce from the land was to be utilized to maintain (1) three perpetual lamps, (2) servants bringing water from Kaduvay for the holy bath (3) servants in the garden called Purridangondan in Nandipura alias Karunakaranallur, a devadana  (4) a servant working at the sengalunir gardent in Nadappur alias Uttamasolamangalam in Panaiyur-nadu and (5) the servant supplying hay for the cows (gosalaisurabhigal).

No. 598.

(A. R. No. 553 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga II.  year 10 : 1142 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti pumannu padumam of Kulottunga.  The details of date given viz., Year 10 Dhanus su. 11, Monday, Asvati, regularly correspond to 1142 A.D., November 30, ’98, ’68.

It records the sale of land made tax free, as kudinikkakkani to god Tiruvarurudaiyar Srimulasthanamudaiyar for the korru of the 12 tavasiyar  who were tending the gardens and supplying Sengalunir-ttiruppallittamam from the garden at Vayarrur Kulottungasolan Perungulam by the sabha of Rajarajabrahmamangalam, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu, having met at Devasriyan Tirukkavanam receiving from the temple 157½  anradu narkasu.

The sale of another piece of land similar to this, for supply of the damanaka flowers is also recorded. The Sabha reserved for itself the supervisory functions and the responsibility to make over the produce of these lands to the temple.

No. 599.

(A. R. No. 554 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga III.  year. 24 : 1201 A.D.

This inscription mentions the 57th day of the 24th year of Tirubhuvanaviradeva who is referred to as name tonal  by the god.

It records the redistribution of tax-free lands made according to the order of the deity to the 100 andars, serving in the temple at the request of Virarajendrappallavaraiyan and Tirumuttin-sivigai-perran, by god Sri Purvvarurvasi, as the said andars failed to distribute among themselves properly the lands previously allotted to them and quarrelling left their land uncultivated.  The lands lay in Sola-Keralanallur in Geyamanikka-valanadu. Tiruvaykkelvi  Anukkanambi, tirumandiraolai Srinandikesvara-muvendavelan and tirumandira olai Srinandikesvara-muvendavelan and tirumandira olai Tyagavinoda-muvendavelan figure as signatories in the record.

No. 600.

(A. R. No. 555 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajendra III.  Year 20 : 1266 A.D.

The details of date given viz., year 20, Makara su. 13, Wednesday, Punarpusam regularly correspond to 1266 A.D., January 20, ’77,  ’82.

This inscription records the grant of two pieces of land by Pirambar Visaiyapalar of Tiruvidaimarudur to the matha built for the tapasyar, who were tending the gardens of the temple, doing other services in the shrines of gods Alagiya Tiruchchirrambalam udaiyar and Porpatikku-nayakisvaramudaiyar, set up by the donor and Alagapperuman alias Kalappalarayar of Sirnangur. One of the pieces of the land is stated to have been purchased from Umaiyalvi alias Alagilumalagiyadevattalaikkoli, one of the dancing girls (padiyilar) living in the northern row of Irasakkal tambiran-tiruvidi Sannadhi-ttiruvidi. The mahasabha of Adiyakkai-chcharuppedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kkurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu remitted the taxes on the lands.  

No. 601.

(A. R. No. 556 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola.  Year 8 : 1125 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti pumadu punara, etc., of Vikramachola. The details of date given viz., year 8, simha ba. 3, Tuesday, Revati correspond to 1125 A.D., August 18, f.d.t. ’09, f.d.n. ’27.

It records the gift of 17 kasu for a perpetual lamp to god Tiruvarurudaiyar Srimulasthanam-udaiyar by Gangaichetti, son of Kudiraichetti  (horse - dealer) Siddha Chetti, a member of Virarajendradevamangala-chchattu[1] in Melai-Marayapadi alias Koyirukkuru-nadu. This amount was received by the representatives of the body called Siva brahmanar Narpattenmar, holding leases of the temple, who agreed to contribute oil, measured by tudaiyulakku, equivalent to Purridangondan nali, out of the interest from the endowed amount.

No. 602.

(A. R. No. 557 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajendra III. Year 13 : 1259 A.D.

  Year 20 : 1265 – 66 A.D.

Year 23 : 1268 – 69 A.D.

This inscription records three grants on different dates in the reign of the same king. The details of date given for the first grant viz. year 13, Mina ba. 3, Monday, Tiruvonam, are irregular as the combination is impossible.

The first grant is of three pieces of land, one in Palli and Marayamangalam alias Rajadhiraja-chcharuppedimangalam, a devadana in Geyamanikka-valanadu and another in Perumpor, a devadana and another in Rajanarayana-chcharuppedimangalam, a tirappu-val-kudi, the last made tax-free by the sabha, of the same place for worship and other services to gods Alagiya Tiruchchirrambalam-udaiyar and Porpatikkunayaka-Isvaramudaiyar, set up by them on the southern side of Rajakkaltambiran-tiruvidi Sannadhittiruvidi in Selva-ttiruvarur by Sirunangurudaiyan Araiyan Alaga-pperumal alias Kalappalarayan of Pambuni-kkuram in Suttamali-valanadu and Piramban Porpatikkunayakan Tiruvidaimarududaiyan alias Vijayapalan of Arkattukkurram in Pandikulasani-valanadu (See No. 600 above). The latter made two grants in the 20th and 23rd regnal year of the same king, of two fields in his own land in Perumpor, a devadana  in Geyamanikka-valanadu, respectively for worship and other services to god Tirumaligai Vinayaka-ppillaiyar and to god Subrahmanya-ppillaiyar, whose images were set up by himself.

No. 603.

(A. R. No. 558 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

This inscription engraved in characters of about the 12th century defines the social status, rights, and duties of Rathakaras or Kammalar based on the scriptures, agamas and puranas  which were examined in detail by the Brahmana residents of Pandikulantakachaturvedimangalam.

No. 604.

(A. R. No. 559 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga III.  Year 39 : 1216 – 17 A.D.

This inscription is dated in the 39th year of Tribhuvanaviradeva, a title assumed by Kulottunga III.

It records a grant of land to god Srimulasthanamudaiyar of Tiruvarur, by Tiruvambalanallurudaiyar Araiyan Pillaiyalvi for the merit of her son Alagiya Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyar. The former is stated to have had as her guardian, Kannandai Araiyan Rajarajadevan alias Anukkappallavaraiyan of Valaippandal in Palkunrakkottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam. The donor is also mentioned as Sorudainayakan Pillaiyalvi in line 13.

The inscription gives in detail the situation of the land and the donor’s title to it. Sirukurranallur in Velanadu in Kulotltungasola-valanadu, Sirukanpur in Mutturkkurram in Rajaraja-Pandinadu and Ammai-appanallur are mentioned.

No. 605.

(A. R. No. 560 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola.  Year 3 : 1120 - 21 A.D.

This epigraph commences with the prasasti, Pumalai midaindu etc., of Vikramachola.

It records the gift of a piece of land, called Karpurakkudukkai on the northern banks of Kaduvay alias Rajanarayana-ppraru after making it tax-free to god Sri-mulasthanamudaiyar of Tiruvarur, by the Perunguri-mahasabhai of Pulivalam, brahmadeya in Puliyur-nadu in Arumolideva-valanadu, when it was assembled at Rajendrasola-atti (for attain).

No. 606.

(A. R. No. 561 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Kulottunga I.  Year 49 : 1118 – 19 A.D.

This record begins with the prasasti, Pugalmadu vilanga etc., of Kulottunga I.

It seems to record some favor granted by god Vidividangar of Tiruvarur, in Tiruvarur-kurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu, when the god was seated in the hall called Devasriyan, witnessing a dance performance by Pukkaturai-vallavattalaikkoli. As the inscription is incomplete other details are lost.

No. 607.

(A. R. No. 562 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola.  Year 3 : 1120 – 21  A.D.

This epigraph commences with the prasasti Pumalai midaindu of Vikramachola. His surname, Rajakesari, given here, is probably a mistake for Parakesari.

It records the sale of land made tax-free by the sabha of Vayarrur, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu, receiving 26 ½  kasu out of the amount endowed to the temple by Aravanai Pandakkuttan Kulottungasola Amattiyarayan, a member of the regiment called Tyagavalli Velaikkarar.   A Tyagavinodan-salai madam is also mentioned.

No. 608.

(A. R. No. 563 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola.  Year 4 : 1122 A.D.

This record commences with the prasasti, Pumadu punara etc., of Vikramachola. The details of date mentioned viz., year, 4, Rishabha, su. 3, Wednesday, Tiruvadirai, regularly correspond to 1122 A.D., May 10, ’66 ’53.

It records the price-deed (porulmavarudi) pertaining to the gift of land by purchase for a tank to be called Nedungulam, to the temple, from the Perunguri mahasabha of Tirunallur, a brahmadeya in Vela-nadu, in Kulottungasola-valanadu when they were assembled in Rajanarayanan-tirumandapam, by Madhurantakan Ponnambalakkuttan alias Porkoyilnambi Tondaimanar of Arumbakkam in Manavil-kottam. The land was purchased for 100 kasu given in gold currency of 32 ½ kalanju equal in value to Rajarajan-madai was endowed in order to supply Senkalunir flower for the god.

No. 609.

(A. R. No. 564 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola.  Year 4 : 1121 - 22 A.D.

This record commences with the prasasti Pumalai midaindu etc., of Vikramachola. The details of date given are the same as in the foregoing number.

This records the sale-deed (vilaiyavanam) pertaining to the transaction recorded in No. 608 above.

No. 610.

(A. R. No. 565 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vikramachola. 

This inscription stops after a few lines of the prasasti Pumalai midaindu etc., of Vikramachola (1118 – 1135 A.D.)

No. 611.

(A. R. No. 566 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

At the right side of the entrance into the western gopura of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

[Devaraya II].  S. 1362 : 1440 A.D.

This record mentions Mahapradhana  Lakkanna Dannayaka Udaiyar. The details of date given viz., s. 1362, Raudra, Bhadrapada ba. 1, Monday, Revati, regularly correspond to 1440 A.D., September 12, ’48 ; ’83.

It records the erection of the gopura as a service to god Valmikanatha by Nagarasar, son of Siddarasar, of Vasistha gotra and Asavlayana sutra, for the merit of Lakkanna – Dannayaka.

No. 612.

(A. R. No. 567 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

At the left side of the entrance into the western gopura of the second prakara of the Tyagarajasvamin temple

[Devaraya II]. 1440 A.D.

This is a Kannada version of No. 611 above.

No. 613.

(A. R. No. 568 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajendra I.  Year [8] : 1020 A.D. (?)

The prasasti Tirumanni valara etc., of Rajendra I is given at the beginning of this epigraph.

It seems to record an undertaking given by the temple officials at Tiruvarur in Tiruvarurkkurram in Kashatriyasikhamani-valanadu to arrange for the midday offerings to god Tiruvaraneri Dhanma-vidangadevar. The Srikaryam of this temple was Namban Iraman alias Solavijya(vidya)dhara-muvendavelan of Tiyangudi in Inganadu in Kshatriya-sikhamani-valanadu. Other details are lost as the inscription is incomplete.

No. 614.

(A. R. No. 569 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajaraja I.  Year 23 : 1007 – 08 A.D. 

This inscription begins with the prasasti Tirumagal pola of Rajarajakesari Rajaraja I.

This seems to record the exemption from some taxes and poliyuttu-kadamai due to god Sriyarur devar on some pieces of land in lieu of 40 kasu received from the servants of the god Vishnu …………who was pleased to be in the standing posture at manrakam by the perunguri …..sabha of Velangudi, a brahmadeyam of Tiruvarur-kkurram in Kshatriyasikhamani-valanadu.

No. 615.

(A. R. No. 569-A of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

The beginning of this inscription is lost. On paleographical considerations this is assignable to 11 – 12th centuries A.D.

It records the sale of land, that was lying fallow, to the temple for reclamation and utilization of the produce for the flower-garlands and other services to god Tiruvarurudaiyar, by the sabha of Vayarrur, for a consideration of 60 kasu.

No. 616.

(A. R. No. 570 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajaraja I.  Year 2 : 986 - 87 A.D. 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIII, No. 1.

 

No. 617.

(A. R. No. 571 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajaraja I.  Year 7 : 992 A.D. 

This inscription is dated in the 303rd day of the 7th regnal year of Rajarajakesarivarman, i.e., Rajaraja I.

This records an endowment of 234 kasu equivalent to 200 kalanju as pudukkuppuram (capital funds for renovation) of the shrine for god Amarasundaradeva and goddess Uma Bhattaraki whose images were set up by Udaiya-pirattiyar Sembian-mahadeviyar in the temple of Tiruvaraneri Alvar at Tiruvarur raised in stone by her.  Provision was also made from these funds for worship and other offerings for the deities. The sabha of Adiyappiya-chaturvedimangalam undertook to be in charge of the endowment. Sembiyanambar-natturkkonar was the Srikaryam  officer.

No. 618.

(A. R. No. 572 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

To the right of entrance on the west wall of the mandapa in front of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajakesarivarman.  Year 20.

Published in S.I.I.,  Vol. XIII, No. 291.

No. 619.

(A. R. No. 573 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the mandapa in front of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Prantaka I.  Year 32 : 939 A.D.

This record is dated in the 232nd day of the 32nd regnal year of Maduraikonda Parakesarivarman, i.e., Parantaka I. The inscription appears to be a later copy as the characters are assignable only to the 12th century.

This records an undertaking given by the sabha of Pandanainallur, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kurram to provide oil for a perpetual lamp for god Sri Arur-ttiru-araneri Mahadeva Bhattara[ka*]r out of the interest from 30 kalanju endowed for that purpose by Srikoyil Devanar . . . . . . . .

No. 620.

(A. R. No. 574 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the mandapa in front of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Parakesarivarman.  Year 6.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIX, No. 158.

No. 621.

(A. R. No. 575 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Vira-Bhupati-Udaiyar.  1429 A.D.

This epigraph is dated in the reign of Mahamandalisvaran Sri Vira-Bhupati-Udaiyar. The date given Kilaka, Masi 28, may correspond to 1429 A.D., February 22.

This seems to record a royal decree for the merchants (vanikar).

No. 622.

(A. R. No. 576 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the west wall of the third prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

 

No. 623.

(A. R. No. 577 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Satyavachakesvara temple.

Kulottunga I.

This inscription commences with the prasasti Pugal sulnda punari, etc., of the king.  Probably this is the original grant mentioned in No. 625 below and if so, though the date portion is lost here, it may be restored as the 26th year of the king’s reign.

It seems to record the sale of land made tax-free to god Tirumandali udaiyar Mahadeva by the sabha of Pandanainallur, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kkurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu, receiving 4 kalanju and 8 manjadi of gold equivalent to 8 kasu from [Pat]tasalichch[I] Sellurir-Kari Pavalakkunru alias Narpattennayira An[nad]ana Nangai, for the feeding of sivayogis and tapasyar on New moon days.

No. 624.

(A. R. No. 578 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Satyavachakesvara temple.

Kulottunga I.  Year 48 : 1117 – 18 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti Pugalmadu vilanga etc., of the king.

It records an allotment of fallow lands belonging to the temple to various persons, for reclamation and contribution of paddy for sribali  and other offerings to God Alavidangadevar, the deity taken out on procession in the temple, his consort Palliarai Nambirattiyar of the inner apartment and Chandrasekharadeva.  Puliyan Arumolidevan, the kilavan of Palaiyur who appears as the signatory of the record was one of the persons to whom land was allotted.

No. 625.

(A. R. No. 579 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Satyavachakesvara temple.

Kulottunga I.  year 27 : 1096 – 97 A.D

This inscription commences with the prasasti Pugal sulnda punari of Kulottunga I. Though the portion containing the date is lost in the body of the grant it is stated that this grant issued in the 27th year became necessary as the endowment already made in the 26th year was found insufficient.

It records the sale of land, made tax-free, to god Tirumandali-udaiya Mahadeva probably by the same sabha as in No. 623 above, receiving 6¾  and makani kasu  endowed for offerings on specified occasions and for feeding Sivayogis and Mahesvaras, by Pattasa………. [Se]llur-kkari Pavala-kkunru alias Narpattennayira-vannadananangai Tali-nindi and Sellur-kkari Parpati.

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