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Monday, January 9, 2012


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Corrigenda

Images

Introduction

The Discovery of the Vakatakas

Vakataka Chronology

The Home of The Vakatakas

Early Rulers

The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch

Administration

Religion

Society

Literature

Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

ARCHITECTURE SCULPTURE AND PAINTING

 

CHAPTER XI
ARCHIṬECTURE, SCULPTURE AND PAINTING

...IN architecture, sculpture and painting the achievements of the Vākāṭaka age were as outstanding as in literature. There were several temples erected in that age, some of which are mentioned in the inscriptions of the Vākāṭakas such as the Dharmasthāna at Chikamburi, the temple of Pravarēśvara which gave its name to the territorial division Pravarēśvara-shaḍvimśati-vāṭaka, the temple of Rāmagirisvāmin on Rāmagiri (modern Rāmṭēk) and the temple of Mahāpurusha (Vishṇu) in Aśvatthakhēṭaka (modern Paṭṭan). Besides, there was a beautiful temple of Rāmachandra built by Pravarasēna II at his new capital Pravarapura, evidently at the instance of his mother Prabhāvatīguptā. But none of these structures is now extant. There is indeed a temple of Rāmachandra on the hill near Rāmṭēk, but it has not retained its original shape. As the territory under the rule of the Vākāṭakas has not yet been thoroughly surveyed, we have no knowledge of the remains of the structures of that age if any still exist. The only place where we find some remnants is the hill at Rāmṭēk. On a spur of that hill north-east of the Varāha Gate, there are still some remains of an ancient building which may go back to the Vākāṭaka age. There seems to have been a large structure erected at this place, but of it only a small maṇḍapa open on all sides is what now remains. As in the case of the Gupta temples, it has a flat roof supported by six pillars, four of which are decorated with the lotus motif. We have no knowledge of the image installed in this temple, but it seems to have been some incarnation of Vishṇu; for, there is still by its side what appears to have been originally a beautiful image of Trivikrama,1 now sadly mutilated. The god has a crown on his head, with a halo round his face. He wears the kuṇḍalas on his ears and a pearl-necklace with a large pendant round his neck. His vaijayantī garland is shown falling on both his legs. He wears an udarabandha. His lower garment, which is fastened at the waist with a girdle hangs down in folds in front. His arms are now broken an both the sides, but their jewelled aṅgadas, (armlets) can still be seen. His left foot is planted on the ground, while the right foot, which was raised to measure the sky, is now broken at the knee. The pose shows his determination to rescue the three worlds from the demon king Bali. The latter is standing in the tribhaṅga pose at the god’s feet in an attitude of reverence. The image of his queen who was standing by his side is now very much mutilated. In its original condition this panel must undoubtedly have been reckoned among the best products of the Vākāṭaka age.

... As stated before, there was a temple of Rāmachandra at Pravarapura, modern Pavnār near Wardhā. It was decorated with several panels, some of which were discovered from time to time while digging in the fields round Śrī Vinōbājī’s āśrama on the left bank of the river Dhām. As these sculptures were not seen by any archaeologists, their importance was not realised for several years. When I visited the place in 1949, they attracted my attention at once. I photographed them and brought them to the notice of scholars at the fifteenth session of the All-India Oriental Conference held at Bombay in that year. Later, some more panels were discovered at the same place. I have described them elsewhere.2 Here I shall take up some of the important ones.
___________________

1 See Plate A.
2 Sarūpa-Bhāratī, pp. 271 f.; S.I., Vol. II, pp. 272 f.

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