THE GUPTA INSCRIPTIONS
âHistory and Chronology,’ but the actual ‘Catalogue of Coins’1 where he gives description
of the coins he does not specify the weight of Ghaṭōkacha’s coin. And as regards the style
it does not seem to differ essentially in any way from that of Skandagupta’s coins as comparison of Plate XXIV-3 with Plate XIX shows. In these circumstances, there is nothing
to preclude us from supposing that the Ghaṭōkachagupta of the seal and the inscription
is identical with the Ghaṭōkachagupta of this coin. In other words, the inscription, the seal
and the coin refer to a Ghaṭōkachagupta who was situated chronologically between Kumāragupta I and Skandagupta. It further seems that when the inscription was engraved and
the seal was issued, Ghaṭōkachagupta was a mere governor, but that he was a king when
the coin was struck.
(The seal) of the prosperous Ghaṭōkachagupta.
No. 28 : PLATE XXVIII
JUNĀGAḌH ROCK INSCRIPTION OF SKANDAGUPTA : THE YEARS 136,
137 AND 138
The discovery of this inscription appears to have been first announced in 1838, by James
Prinsep, in the JASB., Vol. VII, pp. 347 ff. In 1884, in the JBBRAS., Vol. I, p. 148, there
was published a lithograph of it, reduced from a copy, made by General Sir George LeGrand
Jacob, N. L. Westergaard, and a young Brahmin assistant, which had been submitted to
the Society two years previously. In 1862, in the same Journal, Vol. VII, p. 121 ff., Bhau
Daji published his reading of the text, and a translation of it, accompanied by a lithograph
reduced from a cloth tracing made in 1861 by Bhagwanlal Indraji. And in 1876,
Bhau Daji’s text and translation, the latter revised by Professor Eggeling, were reprinted in
the ASWI., Vol. II, pp. 134 ff., accompanied by a slightly reduced reproduction of the original
lithograph from Bhagwanlal Indraji’s copy (ibid., Plate XV). It was thereafter edited
critically by J. F. Fleet in the CII., Vol. III, 1888, pp. 56 ff., accompanied by Plate VIII.
Junāgaḍh3 is the chief town of the Junāgaḍh District in the Kāṭhiāwāḍ4 Peninsula in
Gujarat. The city itself, or its ancient representative, is spoken of in this inscription; but its
ancient name is not given. The name occurs, however, in line 1 of Rudradāman’s inscription,
as Girinagara, or ‘the city of, or on, the hill.’ This name subsequently passed over to the
mountain itself, Girnār, which in the inscriptions is called Ūrjayat; and this fact rather
tends to indicate that the ancient city stood, not where the modern town stands, but closer
up to the mountain, and perhaps on the rising ground at the foot of it. The inscription is on
the north-west face of a large granite boulder, containing also fourteen Aśōka edicts and a
long inscription of the Mahākshatrapa Rudradāman, now under a shed specially built to
1 Catalogue of the Coins of the Gupta Dynastics, etc., p. 149.
2 Correct it into -Ghaṭōtkacha.-
3 The ‘Joonaghur, Junagad, Januagarh, and Junagurh,’ of maps, etc. Indian Atlas, Sheet No. 13. Lat. 21"
31' N.; Long. 70° 36' E.
4 The ‘Kathiawar and Kattywar’ of maps, etc.