The Indian Analyst

North Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates


Additions and Corrections



Political History


Social History

Religious History

Literary History

Gupta Era

Krita Era

Texts and Translations

The Gupta Inscriptions


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India



‘History and Chronology,’ but the actual ‘Catalogue of Coins’1 where he gives description of the coins he does not specify the weight of Ghaṭōkacha’s coin. And as regards the style it does not seem to differ essentially in any way from that of Skandagupta’s coins as comparison of Plate XXIV-3 with Plate XIX shows. In these circumstances, there is nothing to preclude us from supposing that the Ghaṭōkachagupta of the seal and the inscription is identical with the Ghaṭōkachagupta of this coin. In other words, the inscription, the seal and the coin refer to a Ghaṭōkachagupta who was situated chronologically between Kumāragupta I and Skandagupta. It further seems that when the inscription was engraved and the seal was issued, Ghaṭōkachagupta was a mere governor, but that he was a king when the coin was struck.


       S[r]ī-Ghaṭat[ka]2chaguptasya [|*]


       (The seal) of the prosperous Ghaṭōkachagupta.



137 AND 138

       The discovery of this inscription appears to have been first announced in 1838, by James Prinsep, in the JASB., Vol. VII, pp. 347 ff. In 1884, in the JBBRAS., Vol. I, p. 148, there was published a lithograph of it, reduced from a copy, made by General Sir George LeGrand Jacob, N. L. Westergaard, and a young Brahmin assistant, which had been submitted to the Society two years previously. In 1862, in the same Journal, Vol. VII, p. 121 ff., Bhau Daji published his reading of the text, and a translation of it, accompanied by a lithograph reduced from a cloth tracing made in 1861 by Bhagwanlal Indraji. And in 1876, Bhau Daji’s text and translation, the latter revised by Professor Eggeling, were reprinted in the ASWI., Vol. II, pp. 134 ff., accompanied by a slightly reduced reproduction of the original lithograph from Bhagwanlal Indraji’s copy (ibid., Plate XV). It was thereafter edited critically by J. F. Fleet in the CII., Vol. III, 1888, pp. 56 ff., accompanied by Plate VIII.

       Junāgaḍh3 is the chief town of the Junāgaḍh District in the Kāṭhiāwāḍ4 Peninsula in Gujarat. The city itself, or its ancient representative, is spoken of in this inscription; but its ancient name is not given. The name occurs, however, in line 1 of Rudradāman’s inscription, as Girinagara, or ‘the city of, or on, the hill.’ This name subsequently passed over to the mountain itself, Girnār, which in the inscriptions is called Ūrjayat; and this fact rather tends to indicate that the ancient city stood, not where the modern town stands, but closer up to the mountain, and perhaps on the rising ground at the foot of it. The inscription is on the north-west face of a large granite boulder, containing also fourteen Aśōka edicts and a long inscription of the Mahākshatrapa Rudradāman, now under a shed specially built to

1 Catalogue of the Coins of the Gupta Dynastics, etc., p. 149.
2 Correct it into -Ghaṭōtkacha.-
3 The ‘Joonaghur, Junagad, Januagarh, and Junagurh,’ of maps, etc. Indian Atlas, Sheet No. 13. Lat. 21" 31' N.; Long. 70° 36' E.
4 The ‘Kathiawar and Kattywar’ of maps, etc.