The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates

Additions and Corrections



P. Acharya

A. M. Annigeri

P. Banerjee

Dr. N. P. Chakravarti

P. D. Chaudhury

M. G. Dikshit

M. G. Dikshit & D. C. Sircar

A. S. Gadre

B. C. Jain

S. L. Katare

B. V. Krishna Rao

A. N. Lahiri

T. V. Mahalingam

R. C. Majumdar

H. K. Narasimhaswami

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri & T. N. Subramaniam

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri

V. Rangacharya

Sadasiva Ratha Sarma

Nirad Bandhu Sanyal

M. Somasekhara Sarma

K. N. Sastri

D. C. Sircar

D. C. Sircar & P. Acharya

D. C. Sircar & P. D. Chaudhury

D. C. Sircar & Sadasiva Ratha Sarma

R. Subrahmanyam

T. N.Subramaniam

Akshaya Keerty Vyas


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




(1 Plate)


Aḍhabhāra (Aḍbhār or Arbhār), about 40 miles from Bilaspur, is a village in the Sakti Tahsir of the Bilaspur District of Madhya Pradesh.[1] On the 5th of August 1954, when a cultivator named Bodhram Bhatku Teli was digging earth in his Khasra No. 747 of that village, he found the present plates buried in the field. They were deposited in the sub-treasury at Sakti where they remained for several months. They were later acquired by the Deputy Commissioner of Bilaspur and presented to the Central Museum, Nagpur.

The set consists of three plates, the first and third of which are inscribed on one side and the second on both the sides. Each plate measures 8″ in length, 4·95″ in breadth and about ·1″ in thickness. The second plate is somewhat thicker than the others. About 1″ from the middle of the proper right edge of each plate, there is a round hole (·6″ in diameter) for the seal-ring to pass through. This seal-ring is now lost. The weight of the three plates together is 115¼ tolas.

There are 27 lines in the inscription : IB─8, IIA─8, IIB─7, IIIA─4. The lower portion of the last plate is blank and the record incomplete. The letters, which are neatly and deeply engraved, are each about ½″ in size. The characters are of the box-headed variety and very closely resemble those of records like the Rajim and Baloda plates of Tīvaradēva.[2] The length of medial ī is denoted by a dot in the circle which denotes its short form. Medial au s tripartite and the subscript r resembles in many places the sign of the vowel ṛi (see śri in lines 1, 7 and 9). The final form of m occurs in line 24. Punctuation is denoted by a vertical line with its top bent towards the left and followed by another vertical line.

The language is Sanskrit and, with the exception of the benedictory and imprecatory verses at the end, the whole record is in prose. Its language differs from the formal portions of the grants of Tīvaradēva and Mahā-Śivagupta Bālārjuna. The inscription is somewhat carelessly written. The writer has used in many places medial i for medial ī. Anusvāra and visarga have often been unnecessarily used while anusvāra, visarga and the final consonants are omitted in many cases. As regards orthography, a constant preceding and following r is double in some cases. The letter b is sometimes used for v (see ºabhibṛiddhi in line 15 and prativastabya in line 20). Anusvāra is wrongly changed to before a sibilant in vaṅśa (line 5) and to n before s in nṛiśansā in line 22 while n is used for in punya in line 15. The letter d is omitted in udiśya in line 21 and ētadvaya in line 23.

The object of the inscription is to record the grant of a village named Kōntiṇīka, situated in the vishaya or district of Ashṭadvāra, to a Bhāgavata Brāhmaṇa named Nārāyaṇ-ōpādhyāya who belonged to the Kauṇḍinya gōtra and the Mādhyandina śākhā, by the illustrious Mahā-Nannarāja, son of Mahāśiva-Tīvararāja. The king, who was born in the lunar dynasty and was an ardent worshipper of Vishṇu, made the grant for the merit of himself and his parents. The plates were issued from Śrīpura and the gift was made on the 12th day of the dark half of the month of Bhādrapada on the occasion of the saṅkrānti.


[1] For the antiquities of this place, see Bilaspur District Gazeteer, p. 255 ; Hiralal, Inscriptions in the C. P. and Berar, 1932, No. 230.
CII, Vol. III, pp. 295 ff.; above, Vol. VII, pp. 106 ff.

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