The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates

Additions and Corrections



P. Acharya

A. M. Annigeri

P. Banerjee

Dr. N. P. Chakravarti

P. D. Chaudhury

M. G. Dikshit

M. G. Dikshit & D. C. Sircar

A. S. Gadre

B. C. Jain

S. L. Katare

B. V. Krishna Rao

A. N. Lahiri

T. V. Mahalingam

R. C. Majumdar

H. K. Narasimhaswami

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri & T. N. Subramaniam

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri

V. Rangacharya

Sadasiva Ratha Sarma

Nirad Bandhu Sanyal

M. Somasekhara Sarma

K. N. Sastri

D. C. Sircar

D. C. Sircar & P. Acharya

D. C. Sircar & P. D. Chaudhury

D. C. Sircar & Sadasiva Ratha Sarma

R. Subrahmanyam

T. N.Subramaniam

Akshaya Keerty Vyas


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

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Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




(3 Plates)


These copper plates were, it is said, dug up somewhere in the Nandigama Taluk, Krishna District, and kept as a treasure-trove by the Sub-Collector of Bezwada, by whom they were sent to the Assistant Archaeological Superintendent for Epigraphy. The record is registered as No. 1 of Appendix A in the Annual Report on South Indian Epigraphy for the year 1917. A summary of its contents has been published at pp. 117-18 (para. 24) of the same Report.[1] I edit the record here with the kind permission of the Government Epigraphist for India, who placed inked impressions of the plates at my disposal.

The Assistant Archaeological Superintendent for Epigraphy describes the plates thus : “They are five plates with high rims, measuring 9⅓″ X 41\6″, and are strung on a ring which had not been cut when the plates reached me. The edges of the ring are deeply set in an ornamental base supporting a circular seal whose rim all round is shaped like a lotus creeper with a full-blown lotus proceeding from one of its ends and represented flat on the surface of the seal. To the proper right of this lotus is an elephant goad (aṅkuśa), and above these symbols is the legend Śri-Tribhuvanāṁkuśa in Chālukyan characters. Above the legend is the running boar facing the proper left, flanked by the sun and the moon and two chauris.

The inscription consisting of 67 lines is engraved on the inner side of the first plate and on both the sides of the other four plates. The writing is on the whole well preserved ; but there is difficulty in deciphering it in several places on account of defects in the plates, the mistakes and erasures of the engraver, and the corrupt language of the composition itself. The script is of the usual Vēṅgī type of the tenth century A.D. The jihvāmūlīya is found in line 61 ; the initial a in lines 27, 40, 56 ; ā in line 67 ; ī in line 60 and u in line 59. The Anusvāra is marked sometimes at the top of the letter, but more often after it (e.g. line 42). Medial ē is usually marked on the top of an akshara as in in sēnāpati (line 33), but sometimes below as in in kauśalēna (line 41). Examples of final t are found in lines 21 and 47. Final n occurs in lines 17, 20, etc. The letter r occurs in line 41, and l in line 18. A consonant with rēpha is invariably doubled as in brahmacharyya in line 52, etc. The language is Sanskrit except in regard to the names of places forming the boundaries, which are in Telugu. The composition is in prose, interspersed with a few verses in the Anushṭubh and other meters, which are not free from flaws. The expression is faulty in many places and even obscure at times. There is not much to say about orthography. In śauchan=dayā in line 53, the anusvāra is changed in to class nasal. The document opens with a verse in praise of Vishṇu and the usual praśasti of the Eastern Chālukyas. Lines 7 to 21 give a list of 21 kings from Kubja Vishṇuvardhana to Yuddhamalla II, allotting to some of them the number of regnal years differing from other records. This portion also throws some light on the war between the main line and the collated line of Yuddhamalla. In line 21 a verse begins abruptly in the middle of the prose passage and states that Bhīma III, son of Vijayāditya IV, destroyed the Yuddhamalla branch and ruled for twelve years. This is followed by another verse which states that Bhīma was succeeded by his son Ammarāja II (Vijayāditya VI) and that he, after a rule of eleven years, proceeded to the Kaliṅga country on account of the anger of Kṛishṇa (Rāshṭrakūṭa Kṛishṇa III) and that, in consequence of this, his half brother (dvaimātura), Dānārṇava, came to rule over the land after obtaining it


[The information furnished by this record has been utilised by subsequent writers on the subject ; of, Ganguly, The Eastern Culakyas (1937), pp. 86 ff ; Venkataramanayya. The Eastern Caḷukyas of Vēṅgī (1950), pp. 31 ff. etc. – Ed.]

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