The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







Additions and Corrections



Rev. J.E. Abbott

R.G. Bhandarkar

Prof. G. Buhler

W. Cartellieri

J.F. Fleet

E. Hultzsch

Prof. Kielhorn

Prof. Kielhorn, and
H. Krishna Sastri

H. Luders

G.V. Ramamurti

J. Ramayya

Vajeshankar G. Ojha, and
TH. Von Schtscherbatskoi

V. Venkayya

E.W. West


List of Plates

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India



863 to 917 (A.D. 1458-1511), one of the best known of the Sultâns of Gujarât. Bâi Ḥarir is described in line 8 f. as “ the general superintendent at the door of the king’s harem,” and in line 18 as “ the powerful, religious, chief councilor of king Maḥmûd.” The local traditions regarding the builder of the well are confused. Forbes[1] calls it “ the Nurse’s Well,” which corresponds with Mr. Blochmann’s translation of the Arabic inscription, which names the builder as “ Śrî-Bâî Ḥarîr’s the riyal [slave], the nurse.”[2] Briggs, in his Cities of Gujarashtra, records the tradition that the builder was a man, which corresponds with the popular name by which the well is now known as Dâdâ Ḥarîr’s Well. The overseer was a Musalmân, and the artisans were Hindûs (l. 24 ff.).

The substance of the inscription is that Bâî Ḥarîr caused a well to be built in the Gûrjara country, in the village of Ḥarîrpur, north-east of Aḥmadâbâd, at a cost of 3,29,000 (Maḥmûdîs),for the refreshment of men, beasts, birds, insects and plants, and to please God. The name of the coin is not mentioned, but it was probably the Maḥmûdî, the standard silver coin of that period. The following note on the Maḥmûdîs has been kindly prepared for me by Rev. Geo. Taylor of Aḥmadâbâd, who has made a careful study of the coins of the Sultâns of Gujarât, and possesses a unique collection.

“ During the reign of Maḥmûd Shâh I., surnamed Baiqara (A.H. 863-917 ; A.D. 1458-1511), the silver coin in most frequent use throughout the province of Gujarât was the Maḥmûdî. It is still by far the most common of the coins that have come down from the period of the Gujarât Sultanate (A.H. 799-980 ; A.D. 1396-1572) ; and I imagine quite half of all the silver coins of that period, now procurable in the bâzârs of Gujarât, were issued during the long reign of this Maḥmûd, and bear his name.

“ There considerable variation in the designs impressed on these coins, some bearing an elaborate device executed with much skill, while others, especially those of an early date, are distinctly inferior both in design and workmanship. The type quite the most common of all has on the obverse the legend (Image) and the Hijrî date, the whole enclosed within a circle ; and on the reverse, within a square, are the words (Image) with marginal readings varying according to the mint.

“ As to the valve of the Maḥmûdî it is impossible to speak with precision owing to its frequent changes in weight. The two heaviest in my possession turn the scale each at 177 grains, and are perhaps “ double Maḥmûdîs ;”the lightest is but 33 grains. The average weight o fourteen, all of the same type, is 87 grains, or slightly less than the weight of half a rupee. An almost perfect specimen, dated 905 A.H., weighs 89 grains.[3] Early writers on India gave widely different values of the Maḥmûdî, their estimates ranging from 4 to 24 of the rupee. A probable explanation of this difference is that any coin bearing the name of the Sultân Maḥmûd (Baiqara) might with reason have been called a Maḥmûdî, and some travelers may have based their estimate on one, others on another, of the very diverse coins issued by this Sultân. For a like transference of a sovereign’s name to his coin compare the Muzaffarî and the Napoleon.”



[1] Oriental Memoirs, Vol. III. p. 140 (new edition, p. 209).
[2] Ind. Ant. Vol. IV. p. 367.
[3] [I possess an undated specimen weighing 90 grains.─ E. H..]
[4] From an inked estampage, and from the original.
[5] Meter : Anushṭubh.
[6] Metre : Âryâ.
[7] Read

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