North and South Koṇkaṇs were previously under the rule of dynasties speaking dialects
derived from Sanskrit. So, though their rulers, the Śilāhāras, were Kannaḍa-speaking, the territorial terms in vogue in the country under their rule were derived from. Sanskrit. In the
country above the ghāṭs, however, Kannaḍa was the language of most of the inhabitants.
So the territorial terms in that region were derived from Kannaḍa. The dēśa was there divided
into nāḍas or khollas. Thus the territory round Kolhāpur was known as Eḍenāḍa. It had
several khollas or gollas. Some of them are known from Śilāhāra records, viz. Paṇutaragekholla, Ājirage-kholla and perhaps Kavaḍe-golla also. Another Kannaḍa territorial
term noticed is khampaṅa or gampaṇa, which denoted a group of villages. See e.g. Miriñje-.
gampaṇa and Koḍavalli-khampaṇa. Dēśas, vishaya and khollas are sometimes named together with the numbers of the villages comprised in them. Thus, three was the Shaṭshashṭivishaya, comprising sixty-six villages, corresponding to modern Sāshṭī tālukā. As several
divisions had sixty-six villages, in them, some prefix was used to distinguish them from one
another. We have thus the Śūrpāraka-shaṭshashṭi, comprising sixty-six villages, of which
Śūrpāraka (modern Sopārā), was the headquarters. The sub-division which comprised Sthānaka, the capital of North Koṅkaṇ, was known as Sthānak-ābhyantara-shaṭshashṭi or even
Abhyantara-shaṭshashṭi. Some other divisions comprising sixty-six villages are also known.
See e.g. Māhirihāra-shaṭshashti. The sub-division Kōriyala-dvādaśaka contained only
twelve villages. The villages traditionally known as comprised in bigger divisions like the
dēśa are also known. We have already noticed that North Koṅkaṇ contained 1400, and
South Koṅkaṇ 900 villages. The Miriñja-dēśa, which was much smaller, is said to have comprised of 3,000 villages, and was, therefore, called Sahasra-tritaya-Miriñja-dēśa. The
Karahāṭa-dēśa had 4,000 villages. These numbers were, of course, conventional.
The vishayas and khollas comprised nagaras or towns, and grāmas or villages. Very few
towns in the kingdoms of the Śilāhāras find mention in their inscriptions. They are Śūrpāraka, the earliest capital of North Koṅkaṇ, Purī, its capital in the early historical times,
Sthānaka, the capital of the Northern Śilāhāras, Chēmūlya, modern Chaul in the Kolābā
District, Balipattana, the capital of the Southern Śilāhāras, Praṇālaka, the capital of the
northern division of South Koṅkaṇ, Kollāpura (also called Khullakapura), the capital
of the branch ruling over the country above the ghāṭs, and Karahāṭa, the headquarters of
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E.H.D., I, p. 56.
Ep. Ind., Vol. VI, pp. 1 f.
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