The Indian Analyst

North Indian Inscriptions







List of Maps and Plates


Additions and Corrections



Political History

The Early Silaharas

The Silaharas of North Konkan

The Silaharas of South Konkan

The Silaharas of Kolhapur


Religious Condition

Social Condition

Economic Condition


Architecture and Sculpture

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of the Silaharas of North Konkan

Inscriptions of The Silaharas of South Konkan

Inscriptions of The Silaharas of kolhapur


Additional Inscriptions of the Silaharas


A contemporary Yadava Inscription


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




..Most of the inscriptions of the Śilāhāras of South Koṅkaṇ and Kolhāpur are written in an artless style, and the descriptions in them are of a conventional type. Some records[1] of the Kolhāpur Śilāhāras written in Kannaḍa, however, show that the language had attained a far more developed form than Marathi in that age.


.. Another important work of the Śilāhāra period which has made the royal family famous in the history of Sanskrit literature is the Aparārka-Ṭīkā, a commentary on the Yājñavalkya-Smṛiti by Aparārka or Aparāditya. In the introductory verse of this work the author is described as follows:[2]


.. In this verse, though the author of the commentary is not specifically named, he is described as an ornament of the family of Jīmūta ( i.e. Jīmūtavāhana), who has surprised Śiva by his devotion, Bṛihaspati by his intelligence, enemies by his valour, the Sun by his pure conduct, and the Earth by his forgiveness. In the last verse concluding the work he is described as follows[3] :-


.. This verse states that Aparāditya has composed this nibandha − (he) whose unchallenged rule is over the (whole) world, who has a full treasury and able allies, whose forts are invulnerable, whose army is capable of destroying (the enemy), who has trusted counsellors, who, though the sole lord of the whole world, is found of tasting the nectar in the form of the discussions of the śāstras, and who is rich in valour, charity and glory.

.. These verses show clearly that the author Aparārka or Aparāditya belonged to the Śilāhāra family, which traced its descent from the Vidyādhara prince Jīmūtavāhana. There were two kings of this name in the Śilāhāra family ruling over North Koṅkaṇ, the first of whom flourished in circa A.D. 1127-1148, and the second in circa A.D. 1170-1197. Not much is known about the second Aparāditya. He came to the throne after Mallikārjuna, who was killed in an encounter with the Chaulukya king Kumārapāla of Gujarāt. He succeeded in driving out the Chaulukyas from North Koṅkaṇ and later assumed the imperial titles Mahārājādhirāja and Kōṅkaṇa-chakravartin.[4] But, otherwise, he is not famous in history. His homonymous ancestor is more well-known. He also had to fight with the enemy to wrest his kingdom from his clutches. After the death of his father Anantapāla, the country was occupied by the Kadambas of Goā. Aparāditya was reduced to great straits, but, single-handed, he fought bravely with them and succeeded in rescuing his kingdom from their grip. Though he did not assume any grandiloquent imperial titles, he had the biruda Paśchima-samudr-ādhipati (the Lord of the Western Ocean)[5] and is known to have extended his sway to South Koṅkaṇ.

[1] Nos. 48 and 50.
[2] Aparārka, Vol. I, p. 1.
[3] Ibid., Vol. II, p. 1252.
[4] No. 32, lines 2-3.
[5] No. 23, lines 40-41.


<< - 7 Page