THE SILAHARAS OF SOUTH KONKAN
discovered at Lonāḍ, Thānā Pareḷ and Nandui respectively. In none of these he has mentioned
the suzerainty of the Chaulukya king. On the other hand, he assumed the imperial titles
Mahārājādhirāja and Kōṅkaṇachakravartī in his Pareḷ inscription, which shows that he had
thrown off the yoke of the Gujarāt Chaulukyas. He may be referred to the period A.D. 1170-1197.
..From the recently discovered Bassein stone inscription dated Śaka 1120 (A.D. 1198),
it seems that Aparāditya II was followed by Anantadēva, but it is not known how he was
related to him. Perhaps he was his son. He must be distinguished from his namesake, the son
of Nāgārjuna, whose record dated Śaka 1016 has been noticed above. He must, therefore, be
called Anantadēva II. He seems to have ruled for a very short time; for the next known date
Śaka 1125 is of the reign of Kēśidēva II, who was probably his brother and may have succeeded
him in c. Śaka 1122.
.. Keśidēva II is known from three stone inscriptions. The earliest of them, dated Śaka
1125 (A.D. 1204) was found at Māṇḍavī in the Bassein tālukā. It records the grant of some-thing at the holy place Māṇḍavalī in the presence of the god Lakshmīnārāyaṇa. The last
record is historically more important. It was found at Chaudharpāḍā near Lonāḍ, and is
dated Śaka 1161 (A.D. 1240). It states that Kēśidēva was a son of Aparārka and records the
grant of a field or hamlet named Bōpagrāma (modern Bābgāon near Lonāḍ) to four worshippers of a Śiva temple. Khōlēśvara’s stone inscription of Āmbe mentions the Yādava King
Siṅghaṇa’s victory over king Kēśin who is probably this Kēśidēva. As the two dates of
Kēśidēva are separated by 37 years, he seems to have had a long reign. He may, therefore, be
referred to the period A.D. 1200-1240.
Keśidēva was succeeded by Anantadēva III, who is known from a single inscription
dated Śaka 1176 (A.D. 1254) found at Dive Āgar.
Anantadeva III was followed by Somesvara, who, like Aparaditya II, assumed the
imperial titles Mahārājādhirāja and Kōṅkaṇa-Chakravartin. Only two inscriptions of his reign
are known. The earlier of them, dated Śaka 1181 (A.D. 1259), was found at the village of
Rānvaḍ near Uraṇ (in the Kolābā District,) and the later, dated Śaka 1082 (A.D. 1160), at
Chānjē in the Panvel tālukā. Both of them record royal grants, the former to some Brāhmaṇas,
and the latter to the temple of Uttarēśvara in the capital Sthānaka.
Sōmēśvara is the last known Śilāhāra king of North Koṅkaṇ. In his time the power of
the Yādavas of Dēvagiri was increasing. The Yādava king Kṛishṇa (A.D. 1247-1261) sent an
army under his general Malla to invade North Koṅkaṇ. Though Malla claims to have defeated the Śilāhāra king, the campaign did not result in any territorial gain for the Yādavas.
Mahādēva, the brother and successor of Kṛishṇa, continued the hostilities and invaded Koṅkaṇ
with a large troop of war elephants. Sōmēśvara was defeated on land and betook himself to
the sea. He was pursued by Mahādēva. In the naval engagement that followed Sōmēśvara was
drowned. Referring to this incident, Hēmādri says that Sōmēśvara preferred to drown himself
and face the submarine fire rather than the fire of Mahādēva’s anger. The scene of this fight
Arikēsarin was Kēśidēva I. See No. 9 line 14 and No. 10, line 11.
See G.H. Khare, Sources of the Mediaeval History of the Deccan (Marathi), Vol. I, pp. 62 and 71.
H.C.I.P., Vol. V, p. 192.
See एतत्प्रतापो वहिरम्बुराशेरौर्वोन्तरेऽप्यस्इत कुतः प्रयामि । चिरं विमृश्येति यदीयवैरी सोमेश्वरो वाडवमेव यातः ॥