The Indian Analyst
 

Annual Reports

 

 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

Contents

Introduction

A—Copper plates

B—Stone Inscriptions

Topographical Index of Stone Inscriptions

List of Inscriptions arranged according to Dynasties

Plates

Images

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INTRODUCTION

ANNUAL REPORT ON INDIAN EPIGRAPHY FOR THE YEAR 1950-51

  During the year 1950-51, 27 copper-plates were examined and estampages of 412 stone inscriptions secured from various States.

Copper Plates

  The earliest is No. 11 which was issued by the Eastern-Gaṅga king Indravarman. The record is, however, fragmentary as half of its first plate and the third which concludes the document are missing. It registers the gift of the village Vahēṭaka in Dāhapañchālī as an agrahāra. The date of the record is lost. The script and the phraseology of the present charter bear a close similarity to those of the Achyutapuram Plates of Indravarman (Ep. Ind., Vol. III, pp. 127 ff.) and it is possible that this grant also is of the same king.

   Nos. 14 and 15 were secured from the Mahant of the Maṭh at Kanās, Puri District, Orissa. The first belongs to king Lōkavigraha who was apparently a later member of the ruling family to which king Pṛithivīvigraha of the Sumandala Plates of G. E. 250 (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXVIII, pp. 79 ff.) belonged. While the latter king was a feudatory of the Imperial Guptas, Lōkavigraha described in the present charter of the Gupta year 280 as ruling over Tōsalī and granting a village in South Tōsalī seems to have been an independent monarch. It looks as though all vestiges of Gupta suzerainty over Orissa disappeared by year 280 of the Gupta era. The description of Tōsalī in this record as consisting of 18 forest states (Tōsalyāṁ s-āshṭādaś-ā ṭavī-rājyāyām) is interesting inasmuch as this is the earliest reference to the ‘ eighteen states’ of Orissa. The record has been published in Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXVIII, pp. 329 ff.

   The other charter (No. 15) belongs to a subordinate ruler named Bhānudatta who flourished between 619 and 643 A.D. This is the third copper-plate grant of this ruler so far known, his other two grants being the Soro (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXIII, p. 203) and Balasore (ibid., Vol. XXVI, pp. 239-40) plates. The chief, who was a member of the Datta family, held sway over Uttara-Tōsalī and acknowledged the suzerainty of the kings of Gauḍa. His predecessor Sōmadatta was a feudatory of the Gauḍa king Śaśāṅka (c.600-20 A.D.). The record has been published in Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXVIII, pp. 332 ff.

   No. 19 received from the Vice-Chancellor of the Utkal University belongs to king Śubhākara of the Bhauma-Kara dynasty of Orissa and is dated in the year 100 of an era that seems to have commenced about the year 831 A.D. The king is described as the son of Śivakara II by Queen Mōhinīdēvī of the Bhavānavaṁśa. The Hindol ( J. B. O. R. S., Vol. XVI, pp. 69 ff.) and Dharakota (J. A. H. R. S., Vol. IV, pp. 189 ff.) plates, both dated in the year 103, describe a ruler of the same name as the son of Śāntikara I, younger brother of Śivakara II, and as born of Queen Tribhuvanamahādēvī of the Nāgōdbhava-kula. This Śubhākara was hitherto considered to be the second king of the family to have that name. The present charter shows, however, that Śubhākara of the Hindol and Dharakota plates was in reality the third king bearing that name. King Śubhākara II of the present record seems to have succeeded his father’s younger brother, Śāntikara I who is known to have ruled in the year 93 ( Ep. Ind., Vol. XIX, p. 263) and was himself succeeded by Śubhākara III, son of Śantikara I. The record (edited in Ep. Ind., Vol. XXVIII. pp. 211 ff.) throws considerable new light on the history of the Bhauma-Kara dynasty.

   Two more records (Nos. 20 and 21) of the same family belong to Queen Tribhuvanamahādēvī alias Pṛithvīmahādēvī wife of Kusumahāra. They are both dated in the year 158 of the Bhauma-Kara era. The existence of the ruling queen who issued these charters was unknown to scholars hitherto. That Daṇḍabhuktimaṇḍala in the present Midnapore-Balasore region was included in the territories of the Bhauma-Karas and that this family had matrimonial connections with the Sōmavaṁśīs of Kōsala are new facts gathered from these inscriptions. Both the records have been published in Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXIX, pp. 210 ff.

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