The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates

Additions and Corrections



A. S. Altekar

P. Banerjee

Late Dr. N. K. Bhattasali

Late Dr. N. P. Chakravarti

B. CH. Chhabra

A. H. Dani

P. B. Desai

M. G. Dikshit

R. N. Gurav

S. L. Katare

V. V., Mirashi

K. V. Subrahmanya Aiyar

R. Subrahmanyam

T. N. Subramaniam and K. A. Nilakanta Sastri

M. Venkataramayya

Akshaya Keerty Vyas

D. C. Sircar

H. K. Narasimhaswami

Sant Lal Katare



Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




(3 Plates)


Here are edited seven Vaṭṭeluttu inscriptions from the Koṅgu country. I am indebted to the Government Epigraphist for India, for sending me the impressions of these records. The first of them comes from Koḍuvāy and the rest from Piramiyam. Both the villages are situated in the Dhārāpuram Taluk of the Coimbatore District. A few words may be said here about Piramiyam where six out of the seven inscriptions edited below were found. It is an insignificant village situated on the bank of the Amarāvatī river[1] and is 8 miles north-east of Dhārāpuram, the Taluk headquarters.[2] while the seven sacred temples of the Koṅgu province,[3] celebrated in the hymns of the canonised Śaiva saints Tirujñānasambandhar, Appar and Sundaramūrti-Nāyanār, have failed to provide us with their history owing to their original structures having disappeared without leaving any vestiges of their past and having been replaced by new ones of later times, Piramiyam preserves one of the most ancient structural monuments of the province.[4] This monument is dedicated to Śiva and is attributable to at least the latter half of the tenth century A.D.

Tradition asserts that the region in which Piramiyam is situated was variously known as Dārukāvanam, Karṇikāravanam and Punnāgavanam, that Brahman performed Yajña at this place to propitiate Śiva and that the sage Agastya set up a liṅga in the place and blessed it to remain for all time under the name Valañjulinātha. It is further pointed out that Koṅgaṇa, the son of a Magadha king, came here, gave himself up to austerities and became a siddha and was called Koṅgaṇasiddha and that it was also hallowed by being the place where Iḍaiñāni, a shepherd sage, spent most of his life time.

Vīrasaṅgāta-chaturvēdimaṅgalam is the name given in inscriptions to Piramiyam and it is said to be a brahmadēya in Tenkarai-nāḍu. The affix chaturvēdimaṅgalam and brahmadēya indicate that it was originally given to Brāhmaṇas studying the four Vēdas and the prefix Vīrasaṅgāta shows that it was called after a chief, king or general who had the distinction of being known as Vīrasaṅgāta (i.e., Vīrasaṅghāta), ‘ the slaughterer of warriors or heroes ’. There is no direct evidence to show when the village came into existence. In one[5] of the inscriptions edited below there figures a person holding the position of a minister and he is styled Vīrasaṅgātan Śūrriyadēvan Vānavan Uttaramantri alias Nānādēśiyanāṭṭu-Cheṭṭi. In the name Vīrasaṅgātan Śūrriyadēvan, the first part might indicate the patronymic of the person and, if so, it may be said that the village owed its name to the benefaction of this minister ; and the village may be said to have been formed at the end of the 10th century A.D. when, as will be shown in the sequal,[6] Vīraśola-Kalimūrkka-Perumāḷ, who must have been the immediate predecessor of Kalimūrkka-Vikrama-Chōḷa-Kōnāṭṭān, flourished. The inscriptions of the place inform us that this Chaturvēdimaṅgalam, like the others of its class, was subject to the assembly of the sabhā. The modern name Piramiyam of the village


[1] This river is also called Amabānadī, Ānporunai or Ānporundam or Amarāvatī. It is said to take its rise from the Varāha hills.
[2] Sewell’s List, Vol. I., p. 220.
[3] Tiruchcheṅgōḍu, Koḍumuḍi, Veñjamākkūḍalūr, Karuvūr, Bhavāni, Avanāśi and Tirumuruganpūṇḍi.
[4] The foremost among the monuments so far known in the Koṅgu country are the two rock-cut temples at Nāmakkal, both dedicated to Vishṇu. These temples of about the latter half of the seventh century A.D., are of exquisite workmanship and were perhaps executed by craftsmen who drew their inspiration from the master sculptors of the neighbouring Pallava territory, who had displayed their powerful imagination, deep learning in Āgamic lore and high talent in wielding the chisel.
[5] ARSIE, 1920, No. 183.
[6] See page 100, below.

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