The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates

Additions and Corrections




D. R. Bhat

P. B. Desai

Krishna Deva

G. S. Gai

B R. Gopal & Shrinivas Ritti

V. B. Kolte

D. G. Koparkar

K. G. Krishnan

H. K. Narasimhaswami & K. G. Krishana

K. A. Nilakanta Sastri & T. N. Subramaniam

Sadhu Ram

S. Sankaranarayanan

P. Seshadri Sastri

M. Somasekhara Sarma

D. C. Sircar

D. C. Sircar & K. G. Krishnan

D. C. Sircar & P. Seshadri Sastri

K. D. Swaminathan

N. Venkataramanayya & M. Somasekhara Sarma


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




(1 Plate)


The subjoined inscription[1] is engraved on a hero stone up in the Vēḍiappan temple[2] at Vēḷūr in the Chengam Taluk of the North Arcot District. Below the inscription is the representation of a warrior in bas-relief in a defiant attitude, holding a bow in his left hand and a sword in the right. There is also the representation of a small structure near his feet. I edit the inscription with the kind permission of the Government Epigraphist for India.

The language of the inscription is Tamil and the alphabet Vaṭṭeluttu. But the forms of certain aksharas remind us of Tamil characters ; e.g., y in viśaiya (line 1), Paraiyaº (line 3) and ºmāḷiyār (line 4) ; l in Mēl (line 3) ; ḷu in Vēḷūr and āḷum (in line 3). In respect of palaeography, the epigraph closely resembles the Hanumantapuram inscription[3] of Vijaya-Īśvaravarman. The form of ñ in ñānru (line 4) is slightly different from the usual form found in the inscriptions of the same period copied from the southern Districts.[4] The characters are assignable to the 9th century A.D. The orthographical peculiarities do not call for any remarks. The word toru occurs also in Kannaḍa[5] and Telugu[6] epigraphs of almost the same period.

The inscription is dated in the 2nd year of king Vijaya-Narasiṅgavarman (Narasiṁhavarman) and records the death of Paraiyamāḷiyār, the chief of Mēl-Vēḷūr in Mīkonrai-nāḍu and a servant of Vāṇakōn Adiyaraiśar, in a cattle raid. Only four inscriptions of Vijaya-Narasiṁhavarman are so far known, though he ruled for at least 24 years. Two of them dated the 3rd and 18th years of his reign are found at Kīl-Muṭṭugūr[7] in the North Arcot District, while a third dated the 24th year comes from Baṅgavāḍi[8] in the Kolar District of Mysore, on the borders of the North Arcot District. The fourth record is found at Chinna-Nāgapūṇḍi[9] in the Tiruttaṇi Division of the Chittur District. The present inscription offers the earliest date for Narasiṁhavarman.

The importance of the record lies in its being the only inscription of Narasiṅgavarman in the Vaṭṭeluttu script, while the alphabet used in his other known inscriptions is Tamil. The use of Vaṭṭeluttu in an epigraph found so far north as Vēḷūr is noteworthy. The existence of a number of similar hero stones in and around North Arcot[10] testifies to the disturbed state of the region during the 9th century A.D. the major portion of this District, with the bordering portions of Salem and Kolar, were under the sway of local chiefs who ruled contemporaneously with the Bāṇas, Noḷambas and Gaṅgas during the eighth and ninth centuries A.D. During this period of confusion, Narasiṅgavarman of our record may have assumed the status of an independent ruler.


[1] A. R. Ep., No. 69 of 1933-34.
[2] There is another Vēḍiappan temple at Iḍaipparai in the Polur Taluk of the North Arcot District. It contains an inscription of Parākrama-pāṇḍya, dated in his 8th regnal year. See ibid., No. 141 of 1941-42.
[3] Above, Vol. VII, p. 24 and Plate.
[4] Cf. ibid., Vol. IX, p. 90 and Plate ; SII, Vol. V, No. 783 and Plate.
[5] See SII, Vol. IX, part i, No. 10 ; cf. No. 15.
[6] A.R. Ep., No. 298 of 1935-36.
[7] Above, Vol. IV, pp. 178, 360.
[8] Ibid., Vol. VII, p. 22.
[9] A.R. Ep., No. 133 of 1943-44. The date portion of this record is damaged.
[10] A.R. Ep., Nos. 104 to 106 of 1940-41 ; Nos. 102 and 116 of 1941-42 ; No. 68 of 1933-34 ; SII, Vol. XIII, No. 268.

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