below it, the legend Śivaska[ndavarmmaṇaḥ ?] in an alphabet which appears to be slightly
different from that of the inscription. The bull and the legend are enclosed in a circle which is
After I had despatched the manuscript of this article to the press, Mr. Venkayya sent me
the original copper-plates and informed me that, at the instance of Mr. J. Ramayya, they have
now been presented to the Madras Museum by their owner, Mayidavolu Jaya Ramayya. The
writing on the plates is carefully done, and its preservation is tolerably good ; all damaged
syllables can be supplied with certainty.
Like the Hîrahaḍagalli plates, the new copper-plate grant was issued from Kâñchîpura
by Śivaskandavarman of the Bhâradvâja gôtra and of the Pallava family (ll. 1─3). As he is
here styled Yuva-Mahârâja or heir-apparent, the date of the grant (l. 25 f.) is apparently prior
to that of the Hîrahaḍagalli plates and has to be referred to the reign of Śivaskandavarman’s
unknown predecessor. Śivaskandavarman granted to two Brâhmaṇas a village named Viripara
(ll. 10 and 12), which belonged to Andhrâpatha (l. 9), i.e. the Telugu country. Viripara,
which I am unable to identify, must have been situated near Amarâvatî in the Kistna district ;
for Śivaskandavarman addressed his order regarding the grant to his (or his father’s)
representative at Dhaññakaḍa (l. 3), the modern Amarâvatî. We thus learn that, during the
reigns of Śivaskandavarman and his predecessor, the Pallava kingdom included not only─ in the
south─ the Toṇḍai-maṇḍalam, to which their capital, Kâñchîpura, belongs, and perhaps─ in the
west─ the Bellary district, in which the Hîrahaḍagalli plates were purchased, but─ in the
north─ the Telugu country as far as the Kṛishṇâ river.
The date of the grant (l. 25 f.) is given in words and numerical symbols. It was the 5th
tithi of the 6th fortnight of summer in the 10th year (of the reign of Śivaskandavarman’s
predecessor). As shown by Professor Kielhorn, neither numerical symbols nor season-dates
have been found in records later than the 8th century A.D. But the subjoined grant has to be
assigned to a much earlier period because of its archaic alphabet, and because, like the Nâsik
inscriptions of the Andhra kings, the Hîrahaḍagalli plates, and the plates of Vijayaskandavarman,
it is written in Prâkṛit.
The language of the inscription is a Prâkṛit dialect which differs from the literary Pâli in
several respects. Thus consonants are softened in ºkaḍa (l. 3), bhaḍa (l. 15), and khâdaka
(l. 13), but hardened in papesa (l. 15) for pavesa. The unaspirate takes the place of the aspirate
in Aṁdhâpatîya (l. 9). The letter y is sometimes replaced by j, e.g. in jo (l. 21) and majâdâ
(l. 18) for Sanskṛit maryâdâ (mariyâdâ in Pâli), while y takes the place of j in Bhâradâya
(l. 2) for Sanskṛit Bhâradvâja and of ch in ya (l. 6) for cha (which occurs in lines 17 and 20).
Two cases of peculiar saṁdhi are sayatti (l. 27) for svayam=iti and Gonaṁdija (l. 9) for
Gonandi + ajja. Of inflected nouns may be noted the Mâgadhî nominatives vejayike and
Vadhanike (l. 5 f.), the ablative ºpurâto (l. 1), and the neuter âdiṁ (l. 10) for âdi (against dânî,
l. 5, for idânîm). The personal pronoun of the first person is represented by the base amha
(ll. 5 and 21), the nominative amho (l. 23) and the instrumental amhehi (ll. 5 and 10). The
inscription contains several verbal forms, viz. the gerund atichhitûna (l. 21 f.) from ati +
chhid, the presents ânapayati (l. 4) and vitarâma (l. 13), the imperatives pariharatha and
 Edited by the late Professor Bühler, Ep. Ind. Vol. I. p. 2 ff.
 The same title is applied to Vijayabuddhavarman in the plates of Vijayaskandavarman ; Ind. Ant. Vol. IX.
p. 101, l. 2.
 On the synonymous terms Ândhra-maṇḍala, Ândhra-patha, and Vaḍuga-vali, see South-Ind. Inscr. Vol. III.
 See above, Vol. III. p. 94 and note 5.
 Above, Vol. IV. p. 195 and note 4.
 See Ep. Ind. Vol. I. p. 5, and Dyn. Kan. Distrs. 2nd edition, p. 320.
 The same two words occur in the Hîrahaḍagalli plates, l. 9. The plates of Vijayaskandavarman have
vaddhanîyaṁ (l. 8 f.).