The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







Additions and Corrections



Dr. Bhandarkar

J.F. Fleet

Prof. E. Hultzsch

Prof. F. Kielhorn

Rev. F. Kittel

H. Krishna Sastri

H. Luders


V. Venkayya


List of Plates

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India





These plates were received in February 1900 from Mr. H. D. Taylor, I.C.S., Acting Collector of Gañjâm, in whose office they had been lying unclaimed. It is not known where they come from. They will be deposited in the Madras Museum.

These are three copper-plates, the first of which bears writing on one side only, and the other two on both sides. But the second side of the third plate is so much worn that I have not been able to read the whole of it. The plates measure 5½ʺ in breadth and 2¼ʺ in height. Their edges are slightly raised into rims for the protection of the writing. On the left side of each plate a hole is bored for passing through a ring, which is 3¼ʺ in diameter and about ¼ʺ thick, and which was cut by Mr. Venkayya on receipt of the plates. The ends of the ring are secured in the base of an elliptical seal, which measure [1]ʺ by 1⅜ʺ. In the depression of the seal are in relief, a couchant bull facing the proper right, a vertical line across the breadth of the seal, and at the bottom the legend Śrî-Sainyabhîtas[y*]a.

The alphabet is the ‘ acute-angled type with nail-heads,’ which forms the transition from the Gupta to the Nâgarî alphabet.1 Two sings of interpunctuation are used, viz. a single horizontal line (ll. 1, 24, 27) which corresponds to the single vertical line of other records, and the usual double vertical line.─ As regards orthography, I would note that the upadhmânîya occurs twice (ll. 5 and 17) and that b is throughout represented by the sign for v. In saṅhâra (l. 16) the guttural nasal stands for the anusvâra ; in nṛi(tṛi)bhuvana (l. 17) the vowel ṛi takes the place of the syllable ri ; and in saṁhâta (l. 5) h is an error for gh. The group ddy is simplified into dy in udyôtita (l. 15), while t is doubled before r in śatattrayê (l. 2), mâtâpittrôḥ (l. 21) and gôttra (l. 22).
The anusvâra is generally changed into the corresponding nasal before consonants of the five first classes. Two cases of wrong saṁdhi are paradattâm=vâ (l. 27) and ºdât=mahârâjaº (l. 8).─ The language of the inscription is Sanskṛit. The bulk of it is in prose ; lines 24 to 29 contain four imprecatory verses ; and after them there seems to have been a fifth verse of which I can read only the last word (l. 31). The Sanskṛit of the prose portion is not very correct. Thus in line 8 f. the words priya-tanayô maharaja(ja)-Yaśôbhîtaḥ ought to stand in the genitive case and the following pronoun tasya ought to be omitted ; in line 11 four words have to be transposed ; line 16 contains a compound in which two superfluous synonyms are included ; and in line 21 f. we find arddhêṇa and ºpurassarêṇa for arthê and ºpurassaram.

The inscription is dated in the Gaupta year three hundred (l. 2), i.e. Gupta-Saṁvat 300 = A.D. 619-20, and during the reign of the Mahârâjâdhirâja Śaśâṅkarâja (l. 3). This king is probably identical with Śaśâṅka, the king of Karṇasuvarṇa, who, according to Hiuen Tsiang,[2] murdered Râjyavardhana, the elder brother and predecessor of the great king Harsha of Ṭhâṇêsar. In Bâṇa’s Harshacharita the slaying of Râjyavardhana is attributed to the king of Gauḍa who, according to one manuscript of the Śrîharshacharita, was called Narêndragupta,[3] but who, according to the commentator on the Harshacharita,[4] was named Śaśâṅka. The translators of the Harshacharita very ingeniously find an allusion to king Śaśâṅka in the word śaśâṅka-maṇḍalam.[5] If the Śaśâṅka of the Si-yu-ki and of the Harshacharita is


[1] See Professor Bühler’s Indische Palæographic, § 23.
[2] Beal’s Buddhist Records of the Western Worlds, Vol. I. p. 210.
[3] Ep. Ind. Vol. I. p. 70. [4] Bombay 1892, p. 195. Ibid. p. 199, and Cowell and Thomas’ translation, p. x and p. 275.

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