No. 17.- TWO BHUVANESVAR INSCRIPTIONS.
BY F. KIELHORN, PH.D., LL.D., C.I.E. ; GÖTTINGEN.
The two inscriptions of which I give an account here from excellent impressions, prepared for
Dr. Hultzsch by Mr. Krishna Sastri, are on two slabs of dark stone which are now in the western
wall of the court-yard of the temple of Ananta-Vâsudêva at Bhuvanêśvar in the Purî district
of Orissa. The stones were taken away from Bhuvanêśvar and presented to the Asiatic Society
of Bengal by General Stewart about 1810, but to please the people, they were returned to their
original place in 1837. In the latter year, the inscriptions were both edited, with specimen
facsimiles of the characters by Mr. Prinsep, in the Jour. Beng. As. Soc. Vol. VI. p. 89 ff. and
p. 280 ff., the one here marked A. with a translation by the Rev. Wm. Yates, and the other, marked
B., with a translation by Captain G. T. Marshall, Examiner in the College of Fort William ; and
the inscription A. has been edited again, ibid. Vol. LXVI. Part I. p. 11 ff., by Mr. Nagendra
Natha Vasu, who was not aware of its having been published sixty years before. A. records the
foundation of a temple of (Śiva) Mêghêśvara by Svapnêśvara, a connection and general of the
(Eastern) Gaṅga king Aniyaṅkabhîma (Anaṅgabhîma I.) of Trikaliṅga ; and B. gives a
eulogistic account of a scholar named Bhaṭṭa-Bhavadêva Bâlavalabhîbhujaṅga, of whom some
literary works are still extant.
A.— INSCRIPTION OF SVAPNÊŚVARA, OF THE TIME OF ANIYAṄKABHÎMA.
This inscription contains 26 lines of writing which cover a space of 3′ 6″ broad by 1′ 6½″ high.
The writing is well done and carefully engraved, and with the exception of a few letters, in an
excellent state of preservation. The size of the letters is about ½″. Many of the characters are
the same as those of the ordinary Nâgarî alphabet used in Northern India during about the 12th
and 13th centuries A.D. ; but there are some by which this inscription would be undoubtedly
referred to the eastern parts of Northern India. To shew this, I would draw the reader’s
attention, e.g., to the initial i in iti, l. 1 ; the initial ê in êkô, l. 1 ; the kh in śikhi-, l. l, and
kharvvîkarôti, l. 2 ; the ṅ in ratnâṅkura-, l. 10, piṅgala-, l. 1, and vaṅśa-, l. 6 ; the ñ in
śitañ=cha, ll. 21, and vâñchhita-, l. 13 ; the ṭ in jaṭâṭavî-, l. 1, paṭu-, l. 6, and -dviṭ, l. 15 ; the ṭṭ in
paṭṭê, l. 26 (twice) ; the ṇ in raṇa-, l. 9. etc. One point in which the alphabet differs from that
of other eastern inscriptions is, that, while in the latter special signs (without the superscript r)
are generally used to denote the three conjuncts rgg, rṇṇ and rth, the present inscription has such
a sign only for rth, and employs the superscript r in the two other conjuncts. See e.g. the rth of
=ârthatô, =ârthibhir = and =ârthini in line 10, as compared with the th of pṛithivîṁ in line 8 ; on the
 I am indebted to Prof. Kielhorn for this point. For the necessary references, see his List of the Inscriptions
of Northern India, above, Vol. V. Appendix, p. 86, No. 638 ; and see also Ind. Ant. Vol. XX. p. 187, and Ep. Ind.
Vol. IV. p. 245.
 See above, Vol. V. pp. 209, 210, and Ind. Ant Vol. XV. p. 110.
 Government Epigraphist’s collection of 1899, Nos. 227 and 228. Compare my List of North. Inscr.
Nos. 669 and 670.
 See Jour. Beng. As. Soc. Vol. LXVI. Part I. p. 11.
 See ibid. Vol. VI. p. 279 f.
 The form of the initial i here used is identical with one of the two forms of i, used in the Kamauli plates
of Vaidyadêva, No. 644 of my List of North. Inscr.
 See above, Vol. V. p. 182.