The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







Additions and Corrections



Dr. Bhandarkar

J.F. Fleet

Prof. E. Hultzsch

Prof. F. Kielhorn

Rev. F. Kittel

H. Krishna Sastri

H. Luders


V. Venkayya


List of Plates

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India





The two inscriptions[3] of which I give an account here from excellent impressions, prepared for Dr. Hultzsch by Mr. Krishna Sastri, are on two slabs of dark stone which are now in the western wall of the court-yard of the temple of Ananta-Vâsudêva[4] at Bhuvanêśvar in the Purî district of Orissa. The stones were taken away from Bhuvanêśvar and presented to the Asiatic Society of Bengal by General Stewart about 1810, but to please the people, they were returned to their original place in 1837.[5] In the latter year, the inscriptions were both edited, with specimen facsimiles of the characters by Mr. Prinsep, in the Jour. Beng. As. Soc. Vol. VI. p. 89 ff. and p. 280 ff., the one here marked A. with a translation by the Rev. Wm. Yates, and the other, marked B., with a translation by Captain G. T. Marshall, Examiner in the College of Fort William ; and the inscription A. has been edited again, ibid. Vol. LXVI. Part I. p. 11 ff., by Mr. Nagendra Natha Vasu, who was not aware of its having been published sixty years before. A. records the foundation of a temple of (Śiva) Mêghêśvara by Svapnêśvara, a connection and general of the (Eastern) Gaṅga king Aniyaṅkabhîma (Anaṅgabhîma I.) of Trikaliṅga ; and B. gives a eulogistic account of a scholar named Bhaṭṭa-Bhavadêva Bâlavalabhîbhujaṅga, of whom some literary works are still extant.


This inscription contains 26 lines of writing which cover a space of 3′ 6″ broad by 1′ 6½″ high. The writing is well done and carefully engraved, and with the exception of a few letters, in an excellent state of preservation. The size of the letters is about ½″. Many of the characters are the same as those of the ordinary Nâgarî alphabet used in Northern India during about the 12th and 13th centuries A.D. ; but there are some by which this inscription would be undoubtedly referred to the eastern parts of Northern India. To shew this, I would draw the reader’s attention, e.g., to the initial i[6] in iti, l. 1 ; the initial ê in êkô, l. 1 ; the kh in śikhi-, l. l, and kharvvîkarôti, l. 2 ; the in ratnâṅkura-, l. 10, piṅgala-, l. 1, and vaṅśa-, l. 6 ; the ñ in śitañ=cha, ll. 21, and vâñchhita-, l. 13 ; the in jaṭâṭavî-, l. 1, paṭu-, l. 6, and -dviṭ, l. 15 ; the ṭṭ in paṭṭê, l. 26 (twice) ; the in raṇa-, l. 9. etc. One point in which the alphabet differs from that of other eastern inscriptions is, that, while in the latter special signs (without the superscript r) are generally used[7] to denote the three conjuncts rgg, rṇṇ and rth, the present inscription has such a sign only for rth, and employs the superscript r in the two other conjuncts. See e.g. the rth of =ârthatô, =ârthibhir = and =ârthini in line 10, as compared with the th of pṛithivîṁ in line 8 ; on the

[1] I am indebted to Prof. Kielhorn for this point. For the necessary references, see his List of the Inscriptions of Northern India, above, Vol. V. Appendix, p. 86, No. 638 ; and see also Ind. Ant. Vol. XX. p. 187, and Ep. Ind. Vol. IV. p. 245.
[2] See above, Vol. V. pp. 209, 210, and Ind. Ant Vol. XV. p. 110.
[3] Government Epigraphist’s collection of 1899, Nos. 227 and 228. Compare my List of North. Inscr. Nos. 669 and 670.
[4] See Jour. Beng. As. Soc. Vol. LXVI. Part I. p. 11.
[5] See ibid. Vol. VI. p. 279 f.
[6] The form of the initial i here used is identical with one of the two forms of i, used in the Kamauli plates of Vaidyadêva, No. 644 of my List of North. Inscr.
[7] See above, Vol. V. p. 182.

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