The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

Additions and Corrections

Images

Contents

Dr. Bhandarkar

J.F. Fleet

Prof. E. Hultzsch

Prof. F. Kielhorn

Rev. F. Kittel

H. Krishna Sastri

H. Luders

Vienna

V. Venkayya

Index

List of Plates

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

EPIGRAPHIA INDICA

No. 12.-TWO PILLAR INSCRIPTIONS OF THE TIME OF KRISHNARAYA OF VIJAYANAGARA.

BY H. LÜDERS, PH. D. ; GÖTTINGEN.

Inked estampages of these two inscriptions were sent to me by Dr. Hultzsch through Prof. Kielhorn. The first[4] is engraved on the four faces of a pillar lying on the ground near the steps leading to the temple on the hill at Maṅgalagiri, 12 miles north-east of Guṇṭûr in the Kistna district.

It contains 257 lines of writing.─ The average size of the letters is ¾ʺ. At the top of the fourth face is a representation of the sun and the moon.─ The alphabet is Telugu. The chief points in which it differs from the modern script are the following. The talakaṭṭu is a flattened semi-circle. The dîrghamu goes right down to the bottom of the line, except in ṭâ, ṇâ and where it is represented by the curve above the line which in the modern alphabet appears in only. The guḍi is like the upper half of a circle, and to denote î, the tip is sometimes slightly curved inwards ; see e.g. in l. 241. But in most cases it is absolutely impossible to distinguish between the long and the short vowel, except in mî, which appears in the modern form (l. 25). Medial ê has the form of a sickle or a semi-circle open to the left.
In mau (ll. 54, 107), yau (l. 63), and ryau (l. 224) the diphthong is expressed by attaching the ordinary sign for au to the right of the letter and the sign for ê to the middle bar or to the r. Initial a, ê, ga, gha, chha, ṭa, ṇa, da, pa, pha, ma, va, śa, sha, and ha show still the ancient forms. In the case of sha this is all the more remarkable as already in the Vânapalli plates of Anna-Vêma, date in Śaka-Saṁvat 1300,[5] occasionally a form of sha appears which on account of the division of the middle horizontal line comes nearer to the modern form (see e.g. ll. 2, 18, 30). Ka, on the other hand, shows, except in ka in ll. 22, 177 and in l. 23, an advanced form which in its characteristic lines already resembles the modern form. Ḷa has a peculiar form, differing from the sign used e.g. in the Biṭraguṇṭa grant of Saṁgama II. (Śaka-Saṁvat 1278)[6] and the Vânapalli plates as well as from the modern sign. The ottu, the small vertical stroke underneath the letter, which in the modern alphabet is the sign of aspiration, is never found in kha, chha and tha, but, as a rule, it is used in gha, ḍha, dha, pha and bha, when no other sign stands below

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[4] No. 257 of the Government Epigraphist’s collection for the year 1892.
[5] Above, Vol. III. p. 59 ff., Plates.
[6] Above, Vo. III. p. 21 ff., Plates.

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