No. 29.─ TRIPLICANE INSCRIPTION OF DANTIVARMAN.
BY. V. VENKAYYA, M.A.
Madras was “ a mere fishing village up to the year 1639 A.D., when the English became
possessed of it by a grant from the puppet sovereign Srîraṅga of Vijayanagara, then at Chandragiri.” Some of the suburbs of Madras are, however, very ancient. Leaving aside St. Thomé
connected with the St. Thomas legends, Mailapur (or Mayilâppûr) and Tiruvâmûr
(Tiruvânmiyûr) are mentioned in the Tamil poem Dêvâram composed in the 7th century A.D.
The former is also believed to have been the residence of the immortal Tiruvaḷḷuvar, a couplet
of whose is quoted in the ancient Tamil work Maṇimêgalai. Tiruvallikkêṇi (the modern
Triplicane) is referred to in the Tamil scriptures of the Vaishṇavas known as Nâlâyiraprabandham by the saints Pêyâlvâr, Tirumaliśai-Âlvâr and Tirumaṅgai-Âlvâr, the last of whom
informs us that the (Pârthasârathisvâmin) temple was founded by an unnamed king of the
Toṇḍaiyar, i.e. by a Pallava king. Egmore (Elumbûr in Tamil) is mentioned in records
of the Chôḷa king Kulôttuṅga I. and was apparently the headquarters of a subdivision (nâḍu)
 Mr. Sewell’s Lists of Antiquities, Vol. I. p.175.
 The Roman Catholic Church at St. Thomé is believed to be built over the grave of St. Thomas ; ibid. p. 176.
Râmarâya of Vijayanagara is said to have led an expedition against the place in A.D. 1558 ; Mr. Sewell’s Forgotten
Empire, p. 193.
 The saint Tiruñânasambandar is reported to have revived at Mayilâppûr a dead girl, whose bones had been
preserved by her father in a pot. The temple is called Kapâlîchcharam (i.e. Kapâlêśvara) in the hymn composed
by the saint. Jainas and Buddhists seem to have lived at that time in the vicinity of Mayilâppûr.
 Ind. Ant. Vol. VII. p. 221.
 Essay on Tamil literature by the late Professor M. Seshagiri Sastri of Madras, No. I. p. 33 f.
 Iyarpâ, III. 16.
 Ibid. Vol. 35.
 Periyatirumoli, verse 130.