The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates





The Discovery of the Vakatakas

Vakataka Chronology

The Home of The Vakatakas

Early Rulers

The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch





Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




Nos. 20-21 : PLATES XX AND XXI

...THESE two inscriptions were discovered by General Cunningham in 1883-84. He published his reading of the larger of them, together with facsimiles of both, in his Reports of the Archaeological Survey of India, Vol. XXI, pp. 97 f. They were next edited with facsimiles and a translation by Dr. Fleet in the Corpus Inscriptionusm Indicarum, Vol. III, pp. 233 f. They are edited here from the same facsimiles.

...The inscriptions are on a loose slab which was found lying on the ground outside the fort of Kuṭhārā near the village Nachnē-kī-talāī, about seven miles north-west of Jasō, the chief town of the former Jasō State, now included in Madhya Pradesh. Inscription No. 20 in incomplete and is engraved on one of the sides of the slab, while inscription No. 21 which is complete is on the face of it. The former inscription was left incomplete probably because that side of the stone was found too rough. The inscription was therefore commenced again and finished on what is now the front side of the slab.

...The writing of No. 20 covers a space of about 1’ 93/4” broad by 71/2” high; that of No. 21, about 1’ 9” broad by 1’ 1” high. In the centre of the larger inscription there is the figure of a wheel which Jayaswal took to be a characteristic symbol of the Vākāṭakas. The characters belong to the box-headed variety of the southern alphabets. There has been a great difference of opinion about the age of these inscriptions, which, as stated below, refer themselves to the reign of the Vākāṭaka Mahārāja Pṛithivīshēṇa. Dr. Fleet did not examine this question. Perhaps there was no need to do so as there was only one Vākāṭaka king of the name Pṛithivīshēṇa known when he edited these records. He naturally assigned them to Pṛithivīshēṇa I, mentioned in the grants of Pravarasēna II1. The Bālāghāṭ plates which were discovered later have brought to notice another king of that name, viz., Pṛithivīshēṇa II, who was the fourth lineal descendant of Pṛithivīshēṇa I. Since then scholars have been sharply divided on the question of the identity of the Pṛithivīshēṇa during whose reign the present records were incised. Some of them such as Dr. Sukthankar2, Dr. Jayaswal3 and Prof. H.C .Raychaudhuri4 thought that he was the first king of that name. Rao Bahadur K.N. Dikshit, however, pointed out that the characters of the Nachnā and Ganj inscriptions were later in date than those of the Poonā plates of Prabhāvatīguptā5. He therefore identified the Pṛithivīshēṇa of these inscriptions with Pṛithivīshēṇa II of the Bālāghāṭ plates. The same opinion has been expressed by Prof. Jouveau-Dubreuil6 and Dr. R.C. Majumdar7. Recently Dr. D.C. Sircar has reopened the question by pointing out that ‘the palaeographical peculiarities of the Nachnā and Ganj inscriptions are undoubtedly earlier than those of even the Bāsim plates of Vindyaśakti II, a grandson of Pravarasēna I8’. He has drawn pointed attention to the triangular form of

1 C.I.I., Vol. III, p. 233.
2 Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 13.
3 History of India, etc., p. 73.
4 Political History of Ancient India, p. 541.
5 Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 362.
6 Ind. Ant., Vol. LV, pp. 103 f.
7 J.R.A.S.B., Vol. XII, pp. 1 f.
8 H.C.I.P., Vol. III, p. 179, n 1.

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