The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Corrigenda

Images

Introduction

The Discovery of the Vakatakas

Vakataka Chronology

The Home of The Vakatakas

Early Rulers

The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch

Administration

Religion

Society

Literature

Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS OF THE MAIN BRANCH

 

No. 3 : PLATE III
JĀMB PLATES OF PRAVARASĒNA II

...THESE plates were discovered, in 1940, in the possession of one Baburao Madhavrao Athole, Mokasdar of Jāmb, a village, about 7 miles north by east of Hiṅgaṇghāṭ, in the Hiṅgaṇghāṭ tahsil of the Wardhā District in Vidarbha. They were edited by me with facsimiles in the Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXVI, pp. 155 f. They are edited here from the same facsimiles.

..The copper-plates are four in number, each measuring 8” by 4. 11”. The first and fourth plates are inscribed on one side only, and the remaining two on both the sides. When the plates were first seen by me, they were held together by a ring, but its ends were neither joined by a pin nor soldered. The seal which it must have carried is not forthcoming now. All the plates are in a good state of preservation, and consequently there is no uncertainty in the reading anywhere. The weight of the four plates is 185 tōlās and that of the ring is 16 tōlās.

... The record consists of 36 lines, six being written on each inscribed face of the four plates. The characters are of the box-headed variety. The following peculiarities may be noticed:−The box is in some cases fixed to the back of j, instead of being added at the top (cf. mahārāja- in lines 7 and 8 ); in some cases the box is not added at all (cf. mahārāja- in line 14); the sign of the upadhmānīya which occurs in lines 13, 15 and 33 has in all cases a box added at the top which is not noticed in other records; final m, which is seen in a smaller size, has a box-head in siddham, but not in drishṭam, both in line 1 ; the medial an is bipartite everywhere; kh is without a loop (cf. khanaka-, line 27 and likhita- line 36); the lingual is distinguished from d in daṇḍa, line 11, but not in Maṇḍuki-, line 18 and kauṇḍinya in line 19; the subscript t is in some cases looped; finally, single and double dots are used here and there to denote punctuation, which is redundant in most cases.

... The language is Sanskrit, and except for an imprecatory verse in lines 34-35, the record is in prose throughout. As regards orthography, we find that consonants are reduplicated before and after r as in parākkram-, line 5, and mūrddh-, line 6; th is reduplicated before y in Bhāgīratthy-, line 6, and visarga before p is changed to upadhmānīya in lines 13, 15 and 33.

...The record opens with the word dṛishṭam, ‘seen’. The plates were issued by Pravarasēna II of the Vākāṭaka dynasty from Nandivardhana. In the introductory portion of the grant his genealogy is traced from Samrāṭ Pravarasēna I, the Mahārāja of the Vākāṭaka (dynasty). He belonged to the Vishṇuvṛiddha gōtra and performed several Vedic sacrifices such as Agnishṭoma, Aptōryāma, Ukthya, Shoḍaśin, Atirātra, Vājapēya, Bṛihaspatisava and Sādyaskra as well as four Aśvamēdhas. He was succeeded by his grandson Rudrasēna I, the son of Gautamīputra from the daughter of Bhavanāga, the Mahārāja of the Bhāraśivas. The royal family of the Bhāraśivas is said to have been created by the god Śiva who was pleased by their carrying his liṅga on their shoulders. They performed ten Aśvamēdhas and were crowned with the water of the Bhāgīrathī (Gaṅga) which they had obtained by their valour. Mahārāja Rudrasēna I was a fervent devotee of Svāmi-Mahābhairava He was succeeded by his son Mahārāja Pṛithivīshēṇa (I), who was a fervent devotee of Mahēśvara. He was endowed with several noble qualities and ruled for a long time, having sons and grandsons as well as a large army and a treasure which had been accumulateing for a hundred years. His son was Mahārāja Rudrasēna II, who is said to have acquired

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