The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Corrigenda

Images

Introduction

The Discovery of the Vakatakas

Vakataka Chronology

The Home of The Vakatakas

Early Rulers

The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch

Administration

Religion

Society

Literature

Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS OF THE MAIN BRANCH

 

as it does not interfere with or injure it’ 1. On the other hand, the later inscription seems to have been incised after the earlier one was chiselled off to make room for it.

...The object of the earlier inscription was to record the command of some lord (Sāmi) (who is called ‘king’ in line 4), prohibiting the capture and slaughter (evidently of some animals in certain seasons as in Aśōka’s fifth pillar edict, or, maybe, throughout the year) and declaring some punishment for such as dared to disobey it. The third line mentions executive officers (āmachā=amātyāḥ) whose duty may have been to enforce these orders. The last line contains the date 14, denoting probably the regnal year in which the record was incised.

... This edict seems to have been issued by a Dharmamahāmātra in the fourteenth year after the coronation of Aśōka. From the fifth rock edict of the great Buddhist Emperor we learn that these Mahāmātras were first appointed by Aśōka in the thirteenth year after his coronation, i.e., a year prior to the date of this record. One of the duties assigned to them was to prevent the capture and slaughter of animals. It is not unlikely that the Dharmamahā- mātra who was in charge of ancient Vidarbha caused the present record to be incised at Chikamburi mentioned in line 1, which seems to have been then a place of great importance, to proclaim the command of the great Emperor to his subjects living in the neighbourhood.2

... The second inscription which concerns us here is in five lines3, which are inscribed breadthwise, commencing from the narrow end of the slab. Like the earlier inscription, it also has suffered considerable damage. Some letters in the first four lines have either altogether disappeared or become illegible, owing to the wearing away and peeling off of the surface of the slab. Besides, a channel 4” in breadth has been cut right through the middle of the inscription, which has evidently resulted in the further loss of some more letters4.

... Like the Ēraṇ inscription of Samudragupta, the present record is inscribed in the box-headed variety of the southern alphabet of about the fourth century A.C. As regards individual letters, we may note the triangular v in -vaṁśa line 4, the tripartite y in line 3 and the unlooped n in line 5. The size of the letters varies from 1¾” to 7½”. The language is Sanskrit and the whole inscription is in prose.

... The object of this inscription is to record the construction of a temple or place of religious worship (dharma-sthāna)5 by king Rudrasēna at Chikkamburi. It may be noted in this connection that there is at present a small plain structure of laterite in a dilapidated condition just where the inscribed slab was noticed. ‘The temple is small, consisting simply of a cell and its entrance; it may have had a small portico or a maṇḍapa attached, as the ground in front is covered with cut blocks; but it could not have been large and indeed the temple is of the kind usually built without a maṇḍapa.6 The existing structure
__________________

1 C.A.S.R., Vol. VII, p. 124.
2 In some of his edicts Aśōka orders his officers to get his edicts engraved on stone pillars, rocks and stone slabs throughout the districts in their charge. See his Rūpnāth rock inscription, line 5, and Sārnāth pillar inscription, lines 9-10.
3 There are faint traces of two letters (Siddhaṁ?) in a much smaller size in line 6.
4 The channel could not have existed at the time the inscription was incised; for, in one case at least (viz., in vaṁśa. tasya) we are sure that it has caused the loss of one letter viz., jā. Beglar also has remarked “Long afterwards, when no one could read the inscriptions, this great slab, large enough to occupy the breadth of the sanctum of a temple, was considered to form into an argha and in the process the inscriptions were remorselessly sacrificed”. C.A.S.R., Vol. VII, pp. 124-25.
5 The chief temple in the capital was called Vaijayika-dharma-sthāna.
6 C.A.S.R.,. Vol, VII, p. 124.

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