The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Corrigenda

Images

Introduction

The Discovery of the Vakatakas

Vakataka Chronology

The Home of The Vakatakas

Early Rulers

The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch

Administration

Religion

Society

Literature

Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS OF THE MAIN BRANCH

 

No. 6: PLATE VI
CHAMMAK PLATES PRAVARASENA II

...THESE plates were found in about 1868 while ploughing a field at Chammak (ancient Charmāṅka), a village about four miles south-west of Achalpur in the Amarāvatī District of Vidarbha. They were first brought to notice in 1879 by Pandit Bhavanlal Indraji, who published his reading of the text in Pamphlet No. 9 of the Archaeological Survey of Western India, pp. 54 f. They were next edited, with a translation, by Dr. Būhler, first in the Archaeological Survey of Western India, Vol. IV, pp. 116 f., and again, with facsimiles of the plates, but not of the seal, in the Indian Antiquary, Vol. XII, pp. 239. Finally, they were published, with facsimiles and a translation, by Dr. Fleet in the Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum, Vol. III, pp. 235 f. The original plates, which were obtained by Major H. Szczepanski, are not forthcoming now. The record is, therefore, edited here from Dr. Fleet’s lithographs.

...The plates, of which the first and last are inscribed on one side only, are seven in number, each measuring from 73/8” to 7½” by from 3½” to 33/8”. They are quite smooth, the edges of them having been neither fashioned thicker, nor raised into rims. A few of the letters on the first and last plates have been damaged by rust; but the rest of the inscription is in a state of excellent preservation. . . . . Towards the top of each plate there is a hole for a ring to connect them. The ring is circular, about ¼” thick and 35/8” in diameter. It was not soldered into the socket of a seal ; but the ends of it were flattened off, as if to overlap and fasten with a pin or bolt ; there is, however, no hole in them to show that they were ever actually secured in this way. The seal is a flat disc of copper, rising slightly towards the centre, about ¼” thick and 27/8” in diameter. To the centre of the back of it there is soldered a small ring, by which it slides on the larger ring mentioned above. Across the surface of the seal there is the legend in four lines. . . . . The weight of the seven plates is about 6 lbs. 14 oz. and of the two rings and the seal, about 14½ oz. ; total, 7 lbs. 12½ oz.1’ The characters are of the box-headed variety of the southern alphabets, but except in lines 58 and 59, the boxes at the top of the letters are scooped out hollow. They include the numerical symbols for 8 and 10 in line 60, and for 8000 in line 19. The sign of the upadhmānīya occurs in lines 13, 16 and 32. The following peculiarities of the characters may be noted :− The medial i (long) is shown by two curves turned in opposite directions ; see śrī-Bhavanāga-, line 7 ; but in Gautamīputrasya in line 8, the vowel is indicated by a single curve turned to the right; the medial au is bipartite ; see dauhitra-, lines 7-8 ; t is generally unlooped and n is looped, but in many places the two letters are confused ; see atyatna- for atyatna, line 9 and sannāna- for Santana- in line 12. The language is Sanskrit, and except for the legend on the seal and two benedictive and imprecatory verses in lines 36-39, the whole record is in verse. As regards orthography, we may note the reduplication of a consonant before and after r as in kkrama-, in line 2 on the seal and saty-ārjjava- in line 9, that of the consonant preceding y is Bhagirathy-, line 6 and of v after an anusvara in saṁvvatsare, line 60.

... Like other complete grants of the Vākāṭakas, the present record opens with the word dṛishṭam ‘seen’. The plates were issued by Mahārāja Pravarasēna II of the Vākāṭaka dynasty from Pravarapura. His genealogy is given here exactly as in the preceding two grants, his maternal grandfather being called Dēvagupta. The object of the inscription is to record the
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1 C.I.I., Vol. III, pp. 235-36.

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