South Indian Inscriptions
SENDRAKAS OF GUJARAT
Sēndrakas ruled over this territory for three generations. They seem to have made numerous grants; for, Pandit Bhagvanlal once informed Dr. Bühler that he had in his possession Several sets of Sēndraka plates from Southern Gujarat.1 It is very unfortunate that they are not forthcoming now.
Only four grants2 of the family have been published so far. Of these, three were made by Allaśakti. The earliest of them was discovered at Kāsārē in West Khandesh. Before its publication it was thought that the rule of the Sēndrakas was confined to Southern Gujarāt. The Kāsārē plates of Allaśakti3 which register his donation of some land in the village Pippalikhēta, modern Pimpalner,4 about 45 miles west of Dhulia, clearly show that the Sēndrakas held Khandesh also. The plates are dated in the year 404 of the Kalachuri era ( 653 A. C.). Anothere inscription of Allaśakti was found at Bagumrā5 in the Surat District. It is dated in the Kalachuri year 406 (656 A. C.), and registers the grant of the village Balisa, the modern Wanesa in the Bārdoli tālukā of the Surat District.
From these grants we learn that Bhānuśakti, who is called Nikumbha in the Kāsārē Plates, was the founder of the family. As his grandson Allaśakti was ruling in 653 and 656 A.C , Bhānuśakti has to be referred to the first quarter of the seventh century A.C. He seems, therefore, to have been invested by Pulakēśin II with the government of Southern Gujarat and Khandesh after the defeat of the Kalachuri Buddharāja. In his grants he is said to have attained victory in the clash of many battles with the onslaught of four-tusked elephants. His son was Ādityaśakti, and the latter’s son, Allaśakti.6 In his grants Allaśakti claims to have won the pañchamāśabda and assumes the birudas Pritihivīvallabha and Nikumbha.
The sēndrakas, though they were raised to power by the Western Chālukyas of
Bādāmi, make no mention of their liege lords in their grants. From this Dr. Fleet inferred
that the Bagumrā grant ‘belongs to the period when the Western Chālukya sovereignty
was in abeyance’.7 when Fleet wrote, this inference appeared quite justified; because in
other inscriptions of that period such as the Navsāri and Surat plates of Śryāśraya Śīlāditya,
the reigning sovereign was invariably mentioned.8 Since then several other grants of
the period have come to light, e.g. the Nasik plates of Dharāśraya-Jayasimha, the Anjaneri
plates of Bhōgaśakti and the Mundakēdē Plates of Allaśakti’s son Jayśakti, in which
the reigning suzerain is not specifically mentioned, but which were made after the
1 Ind. Ant., Vol. XVII1, p. 267. Pandit Bhagvanlal is known to have bequesthed by his will all his
coins and copper-plates to the British Museum (ibid., Vol. XVII, P. 297), but no Sēndraka grant can now
be traced there.