The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







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The Discovery of the Vakatakas

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The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch





Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




No. 11: PLATE XI

...THESE plates were found at the manganese mine of Tirōḍī, 8 miles south-east of Kaṭaṇgī in the Bālāghāṭ District of Madhya Pradesh. They were made over to me for publication by Mr. T.A. Wellsted, Manager of the Manganese Mines, Mansar. I edited them with facsimiles and an English translation in the Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXI, pp. 167 f. They are edited here from the same facsimiles. The plates are now deposited in the Central Museum, Nagpur.

...Thecopper-plates are four in number, each measuring 7.7”×3.8”. The first and fourth plates are inscribed on one side only, and the other two on both the sides. Their ends are neither fashioned thicker, nor raised into rims; still the inscription is in a perfect state of preservation. About 2.1” from the proper right margin, the plates have a roundish hole, .4” in diameter for a circular ring to connect them. The ends of this ring, which is 3.3” in diameter, were flattened off so as to overlap and were joined with a pin . They were so secured when the plates were sent to the Nāgpur Museum. On this ring slides a small circular band about .7” broad and 3.8” in circumference, to which is secured with a rivet a flat circular copper seal, 2.7” in diameter. The weight of the plates is 126 tōlās, and that of the ring, the band and seal is 181/2 tōlās. Each inscribed side of the first two plates contains six lines, that of the third, five lines, and that of the fourth, only four lines.

... The characters are of the box-headed variety of the southern alphabets. They resemble those of the other grants of Pravarasēna II. The only peculiarities that call for notice are as follows:− The length of the medial ī is shown either by a ringlet in the curve representing short i as in pramāṇī-, line 29, or by another curve turned in the opposite direction as in trayōvīśe, line 31. The medial ō also is shown in two ways; (i) with a mātrā on each side of a consonant as in Shōḍashy-, line I and (ii) with a curve on the right side only as in bhuñjatō, line 23. The medial au is everywhere bipartite. and d are not clearly distinguished; cf. Shōḍashy-, line 1, and samuditasya, line 8, B appears in two forms as in other Vākāṭaka inscriptions. In its subscript form it appears like v in one place; see āyur-bbala, line 15 and -udvahana-, line 4. The visarga signifies a double mark of punctuation in lines 13, 24, 26 etc. The completion of the record is shown by a long horizontal line.

...The language is Sanskrit. Except for the legend on the seal and the usual imprecatory verse towards the close, the whole record is in prose. The orthography shows the usual reduplication of a consonant after r and anusvāra, and of that before y. The use of ri for the vowel ṛi and of li for the vowel ḷi may also be noted; see drishṭam, line 1 and sa-klipt-opakliptaḥ, lines 22-23. On the other hand, ṛi occurs for ri in sarvva-kṛiyabhi-, line 24. The final consonant is dropped in some places; see –sthānā, line 1 and –dvādaśyā, ;line 31.

...The plates were issued from Narattaṅgavāri by the Vākāṭaka Mahārāja Pravarasēna II. His genealogy is given as in his grants. The inscription opens with dṛishṭam, ‘seen’. The object of it is to record the grant of the village Kōśambakhaṇḍa to a Brāhmaṇa named Varuṇārya of the Harkari gōtra and the Atharvavēda, who was a resident of Chāndrapura and was proficient in three Vēdas. The donated village was bounded on the east by Jamalī, on the south by Vardhamānaka, on the west by Mṛigasima and on the north by Mallakapēdhaka. As the order is addressed to the officers and soldiers in the western division (apara-paṭṭa)-

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