The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Corrigenda

Images

Introduction

The Discovery of the Vakatakas

Vakataka Chronology

The Home of The Vakatakas

Early Rulers

The Main Branch

The Vatsagulma Branch

Administration

Religion

Society

Literature

Architecture, Sculpture and Painting

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Feudatories of The Main Branch

Inscriptions of The Vatsagulma Branch

Inscriptions of The Ministers And Feudatories of The Vatsagulma Branch

Index

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS OF THE MAIN BRANCH

 

No. 13 : PLATE XIII
PAṬṬAN PLATES OF PRAVARASĒNA II

...THESE plates were discovered at Paṭṭan, a village in the Multāi tahsil of the Bētul District in Madhya Pradesh. They were turned up in a field by the plough of a farmer in 1935. They were later acquired for the Central Museum, Nāgpur, where they are now deposited. I edited them with facsimiles in the Epigraphia India, Vol. XXIII, pp. 81 f. They are edited here from the same facsimiles.

...The copper-plates are five in number, of which the first and the last are inscribed on one side only and the remaining three on both the sides. Each plate measures 6.9” by 4” and is about .1” in thickness. The ends of the plates are neither fashioned thicker nor Raised into rims for the protcection of the writing. About 1.9” From the peoper right side of each plate there is a hole, ½” in diameter, for the ring which originally connected the plates. When the plates reached the Nāgpur Museum, the ring had been straightened and its seal, which is a round disc, separated from it. The usual band to which the seal must have been rivetted is not forthcoming now. The weight of the plates is 134 tōlās and that of the seal, 8½ tōlās. The plates are not now in a good state of preservation. Their surface, which originally was not made quite smooth, has been further damaged by rust. Many letters in the right half of line 45 and most of those in the two following lines have been almost obliterated by friction, but can be read, though with some difficulty, from the traces left on the plate. Each inscribed surface contains six lines, except the first side of the third plate which has only five lines inscribed on it. The seal contains the usual Vākāṭaka legend in verse, inscribed in four lines.

... The Characters are of the box-headed variety of the southern alphabets. The only peculiarities that call for notice are as follows :–- The medial i (long) is generally denoted by a ringlet in the curve which represents its short form, but in one case (viz., Bhagiratthy-, line 7) by a curve turned in the opposite direction, and in another by a dot in the circle (cf. Sri-Pravarasenasya, line 19); the medial o is cursive in Lohaṇagara-, line 20 ; medial au is bipartite everywhere ; the subscript j and b have no notch on the left as in –arjjava-, line 10 and -ayur-bbala, line 27 ; a final consonant is indicated by its small form and in some cases by a short horizontal stroke at the top ; cf. Pravarapurat, line 1. and dattam, line 23; the upadhmaniya occurs in lines 15, 18, and 35 of the inscription and in line 3 of the legend on the seal. Punctuation is indicated by two or three vertical and somewhat curved lines followed by a dash.

... (There is) a village named Vēlusuka in the āhāra of Supratishṭha, which lies to the east of Gṛidhragrāma, to the south of Kadambasaraka, to the west of Nīlīgrāma and to the north of Kōkilāra. From this (village) four hundred nivartanas− (in figures) 400−of land by the royal measure have been donated to Rudrārya of the Vāji-Lohitya gōtra, who resides at Ēkārjunaka and who has recited (the Vedic mantras ) on the occasion of the Equinox (Vishuva).

... The language is Sanskrit. Except for the legend on the seal and the customary benedictive and imprecatory verses at the end, the whole record is in prose. It abounds in mistakes of orthography, sandhi, syntax, declension, conjugation, verbal and nominal derivalives etc., most of which must be attributed to the ignorance or carelessness of the writer. As regards mistakes of orthography, we may note the use of the short for the long vowel as in sunoh, line 4, of ri for the vowel ṛi and of li for the vowel ḷi as in Prithivi- line 14 and klipt-ōpaklīptaḥ in line 33 ; in many cases the rules of sandhi have been violated ; cf. guṇaisamupētasya, line 12 ; For mistakes of declension, see such forms as pūrvvāyā, line 25, and for those of declension see Kārayīta, line 36, and kuryyāmaḥ, line 37. As an instance of wrong verbal derivatives, see kārāvaka, lines 46-47 and for that of nominal derivatives, notice

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