INSCRIPTIONS OF THE PARAMARAS OF MALWA
No. 16 ; PLATES XVIII & XIX-A
KĀLVAṆ PLATE-INSCRIPTION OF THE TIME OF BHOJADĒVA
...THE plates bearing this inscription were found near Kālvaṇ in the north-west part of
the Nasik District of the Bombay State, some time in the first quarter of the present
century, and the record was briefly noticed in the Annual Report of the Archaeological
Survey of india, for 1921-22, pages 118-19. It was edited by the late R. D. Banerji, then the
Superintendent of the Western Circle of the Survey, in the Epigraphia Indica, Volume XIX
(for 1927-28), pp. 69 ff., with his reading of the text thereof, in Roman Characters (pp. 71.73),
translation (pp. 73-75) and facsimiles (Plate No. 8) between pages 72-73. The story of the discovery of the plates is interesting and is quoted here in Banerji’s own words :
‘’It (the record) was brought to the notice of Mr.A.H.A. Simcox, I.C.S., then Collector
of the Nāsik District, by Mr. Gajanan Gopal Joshi, a teacher at a school at Kālvaṇ, who
also read portions of the inscription. In the first instance, only the first two plates were
recovered from a Bhīl, but on a reward being announced the third plate was also found
at the same place. The plates were purchased for the Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay,
through Mr. A.H.A. Simcox, I.C.S., who spared no pains to obtain them for that institution.’’
The inscription is edited here from inked impressions supplied to me by the Chief
...It is a set of three plates of copper, each measuring 25.40 cms. by. 14.60 cms., with their
edges fashioned somewhat thicker than the inscribed surface, to protect the writing, which is
in a fair state of preservation. A few letters here and there are slightly damaged by rust, but
it is possible to restore them. The interiors of most of the letters show marks of the working
of the engraver’s tool. In the middle of the lower part of the first plate and the upper part
of the rest two there is a hole of the diaṁeter of about 1 cm., for a ring to hold them together ;
but the ring, with any seal that may have been attached to it, is not now forthcoming. The
weight of the plates is not known.
...The first and the third plate are inscribed on the inner side only and the second on both
the sides. The writing on each side covers a space of 23.5 cms. broad and 12.5 cms. high.
The size of the letters varies from .5 to 1 cm.
...The characters are Dēvanāgarī of the eleventh century and bear a general resemblance to
those of the Bāṅswāḍā and Bēṭmā plates, dealt with above, making it probable that the inscriptiontion is of about the same time. But the technical process is rather crude and slovenliness is
frequently apparent. The inscription teems with errors of engraving ; strokes or limbs of letters
 Read कृष्णसर्पा म्रभिजायन्ते. Sandhi is wrongly observed here for metrical exigencies. Also read भूमिहत्तरिः in
the last pādā.
 This letter should be long. The word वालभ्य appears to be connected with वलभी.
It may also be
interesting to note that the sign for bh used here varies from that of the same letter in the name of the composer
in the following line. For the two forms of this letter, see my remarks above in the palaeographical section of
 To be restored to शोभिक (?).
 The last quarter of this verse is merely a pāda-pūrti. The construction too is wrong.
Epi. Ind., Vol. XIX, p. 69.