The Indian Analyst

North Indian Inscriptions







List of Maps and Plates


Additions and Corrections



Political History

The Early Silaharas

The Silaharas of North Konkan

The Silaharas of South Konkan

The Silaharas of Kolhapur


Religious Condition

Social Condition

Economic Condition


Architecture and Sculpture

Texts And Translations  

Inscriptions of the Silaharas of North Konkan

Inscriptions of The Silaharas of South Konkan

Inscriptions of The Silaharas of kolhapur


Additional Inscriptions of the Silaharas


A contemporary Yadava Inscription


Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




..Like several great kings of ancient times, the Silāhāras also gave liberal patronage to Sanskrit learning and literature. Unfortunately, most of the works composed in that period have been lost. Only three of them, viz., the Udayasundarīkathā of Sōḍḍhala, the commentary of Aparārka on the Yājñavalkyasmṛiti, and that of Sōmadēva called Śadbārṇavachandrikā on the Jainēndra Vyākaraṇa, representing respectively the Champū-kāvya, Dharmaśāstra and Vyākaraṇa branches of Sanskrit literature, are still extent. A work in Kannada, viz., the Nēmināthapurāṇa by Karṇapārya has also come down to us. A short account of each of them is given here.


.. The work was edited by Krishnammacharya from a single manuscript, found in the Pārśvanātha Bhāṇḍāra at Pātaṇ in the from Baroḍā State, in the Gaekwaḍ’s Oriental Series in 1920. Though it can be reckoned among the best Champū-kāvyas in Sanskrit, it has not so far attracted the attention of the scholars as it deserves.

.. Sōḍḍhala has, like Bāṇa, given considerable information about himself in the begin- ning and also at the end his work. He was born in a Kāyastha family of Valabhī (modern Valā in Saurāshṭra), which was for a long time the capital of the Maitraka dynasty. Sōḍḍhala gives the following traditional or rather imaginary account of his family[1] :-

.. There lived in Valabhī a king named Śīlāditya. He had a brave and learned younger brother named Kalāditya. Once upon a time the Rājalakshmī (Goddess of Royal Fortune ) appeared ina dream before the king, who was greatly worried about the safety of his kingdom and told him as follows :− “A gaṇa of Śiva known as Kāyastha, as he always resided in water which is the kāya (body) of that god, lifted me up as I was sinking in the water of the ocean, having come out of it when it was being churned by gods and demons with the rod of the Mandara mountain. He then made me over to the gods. In the Kshatriya family descended from that Kāyastha Gaṇa, your younger brother Kalāditya has been born. Give him this Garuḍa seal and entrust him with the administration of the kingdom.” The king did accordingly. From that Gaṇa of Śiva, the Kāyastha family of Valabhī is said to have descended. This story about the origin of the Kāyastha caste, like several others of the type,[2] is, of course, quite imaginary. There were, no doubt, as many as seven kings of the name Śīlāditya in the Maitraka family of Valabhī, who ruled in the seventh and eighth centuries A.D., but none of their descendants is known to have been in occupation of that city in the eleventh century A.D., when Sōḍḍhala flourished. The poet evidently knew about them from tradition and so he has connected his family with them.

.. Soḍḍhala has given considerable information about his ancestors, fellow-students, friends and contemporaries in th present work. His family originally belonged to Lāṭa (Southern Gujarāt). It held the important office of the Dhruva or Revenue Collector of the following among other divisions –Sikkarahārīya-72, Vāhirihāra-700, and Annāpallīya-70.[3] Sōḍḍhala

[1] Udayasundarīkatjā, pp. 4 f.
[2] For one of them, see C.I.I., Vol. IV, pp. 271 f.
[3] These localities have been kindly identified for me by Dr. H.G. Shastri of Ahmedabad. Annāpallī is probably identical with Anāval in the Surat District. It was the original home of the Anāval Brāhmaṇas of south Gujarāt. Vāhirihāra may be the same as Vihāra in the Olpāḍ tālikā of the Surat District, or Vihāra in the Mangrōl tālukā of the same district. Sikkarahārī may be Sikar in the Valodā mahāl of the Surat District. The numbers following the names of the localities probably indicate number of villages comprised in them.


Page 2 - >>