they are called Karahāṭaka Brāhmaṇas. Their sub-caste Karhāḍē appears to have been
then in the process of formation.
The Brāhmaṇas of the Taittirīya Śākhā of the Black Yajurvēda were few in number.
The aforementioned donee of the Panhāḷe plates, who was specially invited from Vārāṇasī,
belonged to this Śākhā. The Brāhmaṇas of the Mādhyandina Śākhā of the White Yajurvēda
predominate now almost throughout Mahārāshṭra, but they are found in a small number in
North Koṅkaṇ. In the Śilāhāra records also they are rarely mentioned. The donee of the
Ṭhāṇā plates of Nāgārjuna, who hailed from Hastigrāma in the Madhya-dēśa, belonged to
the Yajurvēda, but his Śākhā has not been mentioned. Only two Brāhmaṇas of the Mādhyandina Śākhā find mention in the grants of the Northern Śilāhāras. One of them was from Muñjasthāna in the Madhyadēśa. The other received the Vaḍavalī grant from Aparāditya I, but
his original place of residence has not been recorded in it.
Some Śilāhāra grants mention Sāmavēdī Brāhmaṇas. As the Sāmavēda had a thousand
Śākhās, these Brāhmaṇas are said to be referred to as gṛithīta-sahasra (those who had mastered
the Vēda of a thousand Śākhās). This epithet has now been corrupted into the surname of
Ghaisāsa. It is, however, noteworthy that the Brāhmaṇa donee of the two Janjirā sets of plates,
viz., Haridēva, though described as gṛihīta-sahasra in them, belonged to the Bahvṛicha Śākhā
(i.e. the Ṛigvēda). One Sāmavēdī Brāhmaṇa is mentioned as having hailed from Gauḍadēśa or Western Bengal. He belonged to the Kauthuma Śākhā. Bhṛigukachchha (modern
Broach) was the home of the Sāmavēdins. A Brāhmaṇa of the Rāṇāyanī Śākhā of this Vēda is
mentioned in the Prince of Wales Museum plates of Mummuṇirāja. Another Brāhmaṇa of
this Vēda received a grant from Chhittarāja as recorded in the Bhāṇḍup plates, but his original place of residence has not been mentioned therein.
The Brāhmaṇas of the Atharvavēda were very rare. None has been mentioned in any
Śilāhāra inscription. At present there are a few Brāhmaṇas of this Vēda in the eastern parts
of the Sātārā District. They belong to the Śaunaka Śakha.
As stated before, the present sub-castes of the Mahārāshṭrīya Brāhmaṇas had not been
rigidly formed in those days, but they appear to be in the process of formation. We have already
referred to the Brāhmaṇas of Karahāṭa, who had immigrated into North Koṅkaṇ. They later
formed the sub-caste of Karhāḍe Brāhmaṇas. It is noteworthy that they are referred to as
Karahāṭaka Brāhmaṇas in two late records of the Kolhāpur Śilāhāras in order to distinguish
them from the Sahavāsī Brāhmaṇas, about whom we shall have to say more hereafter. Similarly, the Vāvailaka Brāhmaṇas are mentioned in the Ṭhāṇā plates of Mummuṇi. They
appear to have formed a separate group in that age. Their modern representatives are not
..A Seṇāvaї Brāhmaṇa is mentioned in the Balipattana plates of Raṭṭarāja. He represents
perhaps a group of Brāhmaṇas, who, in course of time, came to be known as the Śēṇavī Brah-
No. 59, line 11.
No. 13, lines 60-61.
No. 15, line 62.
No. 20, line 60.
No. 6, lines 71-73.
No. 5, lines 60; No. 6, line 73.
No. 15, line 61.
No. 15, line 65.
No. 9, line 38.
No. 58, line 24 ; No. 59, line 11.
No. 14, line 97.
No. 42, line 44.