The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions







List of Plates

Additions and Corrections



Altekar, A. S

Bhattasali, N. K

Barua, B. M And Chakravarti, Pulin Behari

Chakravarti, S. N

Chhabra, B. CH

Das Gupta

Desai, P. B

Gai, G. S

Garde, M. B

Ghoshal, R. K

Gupte, Y. R

Kedar Nath Sastri

Khare, G. H

Krishnamacharlu, C. R

Konow, Sten

Lakshminarayan Rao, N

Majumdar, R. C

Master, Alfred

Mirashi, V. V

Mirashi, V. V., And Gupte, Y. R

Narasimhaswami, H. K

Nilakanta Sastri And Venkataramayya, M

Panchamukhi, R. S

Pandeya, L. P

Raghavan, V

Ramadas, G

Sircar, Dines Chandra

Somasekhara Sarma

Subrahmanya Aiyar

Vats, Madho Sarup

Venkataramayya, M

Venkatasubba Ayyar

Vaidyanathan, K. S

Vogel, J. Ph

Index.- By M. Venkataramayya

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27





Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India




On receiving information about it from Mr. Nagendra Kumar Choudhuri, a local Hindu zemindar, Mr. Pulin Behari Chakravarti (one of the authors) lost no time in approaching Mr. Golam Muhammad Mian, the Officer-in-Charge of the Hajiganj Police Station, and it was mainly through his efforts that Mr. Chakravarti was able to procure the plate for the Asutosh Museum of the Calcutta University.

This is a single plate which measures 11″ by 10″ with a thickness of about ⅛th of an inch. The semi-circular seal forms a curvature in the middle of its upper edge. Its maximum length from the top of the curvature is about 13 inches. It contains a Sanskrit inscription of the 13th century A.D., consisting of 43 lines, 24 engraved on the obverse and 19 on the reverse. Its seal precisely like that of the other copper-plate of Dāmōdara found in the District of Chittagong,1 presents on the obverse side a figure of Vishṇu either riding on Garuḍa, his traditional vehicle, or in the angry attitude of slaying a fallen foe, and on the reverse side, a rayed disc of the sun set upon and inside a crescent. Both the rayed disc of the sun and the horizontally disposed crescent are installed each on a finely disposed pedestal. Vishṇu who is supposed to be in his Purushōttama or Kṛishṇa-Vāsudēva form, is two-armed and wears a kirīṭa on his head. His figure is full of vigour and valour, and shows a strong fighting pose. The lower figure is either Garuḍa with his prominent nose and other characteristics and flying attitude or, as Ms. Debaprasad Ghosh, Curator of the Asutosh Museum, suggests, a fallen foe about to be killed. It is not unlikely that here we have a scene of the wrestling duel of Mādhava with Chāṇūra, justifying the epithet of Chāṇūra-Mādhava applied in the present inscription to Dāmōdaradēva.

The representation of Vishṇu on Garuḍa or of Mādhava overpowering Chāṇūra is certainly symbolical of the Vaishṇava faith of king Dāmōdara who issued the copper-plate. The Vaishṇava faith of the royal dynasty to which Dāmōdara belonged is evident from his name as well as those of his three predecessors. One may indeed observe with N. G. Majumdar that this dynasty “ professed the Vaishṇava faith like the Varmmans and the Sēnas.”2

The date of the issue of the charter is the 22nd day of Jyaishṭha in the 4th year Dāmōdara’s reign, corresponding to the 1156th year of the Śaka era (= 1234 A.D.), while that in the Chittagong plate is the 1165th year of the same era. The present plate is therefore earlier by nine years than the other, and we know that king Dāmōdara reigned at least for 13 years, if not for more.

As regards the palaeography of the present record, we may mention that its letter-forms are in almost all respects the same as those of the Chittagong plate. The characters of the latter are, in the opinion of N. G. Majumdar, “ evidently proto-Bengali and akin to those used in the Bodhgayī inscriptions dated in years 51 and 83 of the Lakshmaṇasēna era and the Gayā inscription of Gōvindapāla of 1175 A.D.”3 In the present plate, the syllable tu and tta, tha and ndha are represented alike ; the only difference between the two letters, ma and sa, is that in the case of the latter, the loop to the left is generally open. The form of śn again, is different from the śn we come across in other Bengal inscriptions and the Chittagong plate. It resembles the letter tha. The figures representing the numbers and fractions are practically the same as those met with in the Madanapāḍā and the Sāhitya-Parishat copper-plates of Viśvarūpasēna. The only exception to be noted is one which relates to the notation adopted for representing the number 2. Strangely enough, his particular number has been represented in one and the same record by two totally different symbols : one resembling the consonant t in line 43 after Jyaishṭha-dinē and the other approaching the modern Bengali form of ta in lines 18, 24 and 32. It may be asked : why


[1] J.A.S.B., Vol. XLIII (1874), Part I, pp. 318-24, Pl. XVIII ; Inscriptions of Bengal, Vol. III, pp. 158-63.
[2] Inscriptions of Bengal, Vol. III, p. 159.
[3] Inscriptions of Bengal, Vol. III, pp. 158-9.

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